THE MODERN ENVIRONMENT:
Download
1 / 47

THE MODERN ENVIRONMENT: FASCINATION WITH TECHNOLOGY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 131 Views
  • Uploaded on

THE MODERN ENVIRONMENT: FASCINATION WITH TECHNOLOGY. Search for rationality in architecture ( Perrault , Laugier ) Enlightenment Moderns Search for meaning in architecture ( Boulee , Ledoux ) Ancients ( Blondel ). HOW IS ARCHITECTURE CHANGED BY THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION?.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'THE MODERN ENVIRONMENT: FASCINATION WITH TECHNOLOGY' - claire-mcdowell


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
The modern environment fascination with technology

THE MODERN ENVIRONMENT:

FASCINATION WITH TECHNOLOGY


The modern environment fascination with technology

Searchforrationality in architecture (Perrault, Laugier)

Enlightenment

Moderns

Searchformeaning in architecture (Boulee, Ledoux)

Ancients (Blondel)



The modern environment fascination with technology

ARCHITECTURAL RESULTS OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONTraditional materials were worked in a less profitable way and less easily distributedNew materials (cast iron, glass, concrete) offered new possibilitiesBuilding sites used better equipment and machineryNew specialized schools provided larger numbers of specially trained professionalsPrinting and new methods of graphic reproduction made new contributions readily available


The modern environment fascination with technology

Iron Bridge, Thomas Farnolls Pritchard and Abraham Darby II, 1775

This is where iron ore was first smelted by Abraham Darby using easily mined "coking coal« to produce superior quality iron. 26 meters.


The modern environment fascination with technology

Pont des Arts, Louis-Alexandre Cessart, 1803

First metal bridge in Paris. 155 m.


The modern environment fascination with technology

Menai Bridge, Thomas Telford, 1826

The first suspension bridge. 176 m.


The modern environment fascination with technology

John Augustus Roebling, “Brooklyn Bridge,” New York, USA, 1870-1883. 486m


The modern environment fascination with technology

Brooklyn Bridge under construction


The modern environment fascination with technology

Lewis Cubitt (civil engineer), “King’s Cross Train Station,”London, ENGLAND, 1851


The modern environment fascination with technology

George Gilbert Scott, St. Pancras Train Station (front), London, UK, 1873


The modern environment fascination with technology

William Henry Barlow, “St. Pancras Train Station” (back), London, UK, 1868renovated by Norman Foster & Partners in 2007


The modern environment fascination with technology

William Henry Barlow, “St. Pancras Train Station” (back), London, UK, 1868renovated by Norman Foster & Partners in 2007


The modern environment fascination with technology

François Hennebique, Monolithic [Steel] Reinforced Concrete Joint, 1892

This system used the continuity of concrete structures very successfully.  The steel reinforcement follows the maximum bending moments from the bottom of the beam mid-span to the top of the beam over the supports.The column is rigidly connected to the beams and slab, so no bracing is necessary.


Eug ne emmanuel viollet le duc 1814 79
Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc Joint, 1892(1814-79)

Rational Dictionary of French Architecture from the 11th to the 16th Century, 1854


Viollet le duc ideal gothic church 1854
Viollet Le Duc, Joint, 1892“Ideal Gothic Church,” 1854

Viollet Le Duc,Narbonne Gate reconstruction, 1846


The modern environment fascination with technology

Viollet Le Duc, Joint, 1892“Design for a Concert Hall to Seat 3,000 People,” 1865Expressing Gothic principles in modern materials:brick, stone and cast iron.



The modern environment fascination with technology

Viollet Le Duc, Joint, 1892“Design for a Great Hall,“1865


World exhibitions
WORLD EXHIBITIONS Joint, 1892

1851: London, UK 1897: Brussels, BELGIUM1855: Paris, FRANCE 1900: Paris, FRANCE1862: London, UK 1901: Buffalo, USA1867: Paris, FRANCE 1904: St. Louis, USA1873: Vienna, AUSTRIA 1905: Liège, BELGIUM1876: Philadelphia, USA 1906: Milan, ITALY1878: Paris, FRANCE 1907: Dublin, IRELAND1879: Sydney, AUSTRALIA 1909: Seattle, USA1884: New Orleans, USA 1910: Brussels, BELGIUM1888: Barcelona, SPAIN 1911: Turin, ITALY1889: Paris, FRANCE 1913: Ghent, BELGIUM1893: Chicago, USA 1915: San Francisco, USA


The modern environment fascination with technology

THE CRYSTAL PALACE Joint, 1892Competition requirements:Temporary (capable of rapid construction and dismantling)Economical use of materials and laborSimple in arrangementIlluminated entirely from the roofBuilt of fire resistant materialsSingle-storey.Paxton's Innovations:The first large, free-standing cast-iron frame buildingThe first building with glass “curtain” wallsThe first building to use a system of bracing to counteract lateral forces of the windThe first large building to be made from pre-fabricated modular units


The modern environment fascination with technology

Joseph Joint, 1892 Paxton, “The Crystal Palace,” for the “Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations,” London, UK, 1851


The modern environment fascination with technology

Joseph Joint, 1892 Paxton, “The Crystal Palace,” for the 1851 Great Exhibition, London, UK


The modern environment fascination with technology

Joseph Joint, 1892 Paxton, Crystal Palace, 1851


The modern environment fascination with technology

Joseph Joint, 1892 Paxton, “The Crystal Palace,” for the 1851 Great Exhibition, London, UK


The modern environment fascination with technology

“The Joint, 1892Crystal Palace” under construction


The modern environment fascination with technology

Joseph Joint, 1892 Paxton, “The Crystal Palace,” for the 1851 Great Exhibition, London, UKopening ceremonies with Queen Victoria


The modern environment fascination with technology

Joseph Joint, 1892 Paxton, “The Crystal Palace,” for the 1851 Great Exhibition, London, UKinterior views


The modern environment fascination with technology

Joseph Joint, 1892 Paxton, “The Crystal Palace,” for the 1851 Great Exhibition, London, UKinterior views


The modern environment fascination with technology

Joseph Joint, 1892 Paxton, “The Crystal Palace,” for the 1851 Great Exhibition, London, UKexhibited objects: machines, textiles, furniture, musical instruments, traditional crafts, etc.



The modern environment fascination with technology

“The Universal Exposition,” Joint, 1892Paris, FRANCE, 1889


The modern environment fascination with technology

“The Universal Exposition,” Joint, 1892Paris, FRANCE, 1889


The modern environment fascination with technology

Caricature of Gustave Eiffel in the form of Joint, 1892the Eiffel Tower by Edward Linley Sambourne(Punch Magazine, vol. 96, p. 32, June 29, 1889).

Gustave Eiffel,Tower for the 1889 Paris Universal Exposition (“The Eiffel Tower”)



The modern environment fascination with technology

Joint, 1892The Eiffel Tower” under construction


The modern environment fascination with technology

“The Joint, 1892Hall of Machines” at the Universal Exposition, Paris, FRANCE, 1889


The modern environment fascination with technology

“The Joint, 1892Hall of Machines”at the Universal Exposition, Paris, FRANCE, 1889


The modern environment fascination with technology

“The Joint, 1892Hall of Machines” at the Universal Exposition, Paris, FRANCE, 1889


The modern environment fascination with technology

“The Exotic Exhibition” Joint, 1892at the Universal Exposition,Paris, FRANCE, 1889


The modern environment fascination with technology

“The Exotic Exhibition” Joint, 1892at the Universal Exposition,Paris, FRANCE, 1889


The modern environment fascination with technology

Dancers from Java Joint, 1892

“The Exotic Exhibition”at the Universal Exposition,Paris, FRANCE, 1889

A theater group from Vietnam


The modern environment fascination with technology

Dancers and Musicians from the Egyptian Coffee House Joint, 1892

“The Exotic Exhibition”at the Universal Exposition,Paris, FRANCE, 1889


The modern environment fascination with technology

The Algerian Exhibit Joint, 1892

The Senegal Exhibit

“The Exotic Exhibition” at the Universal Exposition,Paris, FRANCE, 1889


The modern environment fascination with technology

T Joint, 1892he two faces of the Universal Exposition,Paris, FRANCE, 1889


The modern environment fascination with technology

At the end of this lecture you are expected to have learnt: Joint, 1892

1. The general scope of the Industrial Revolution

2. Changes in architecture in the age of Industrial revolution

a. Architectural theory (structural rationalism)

b. Architectural practice

i. New building types

ii. The tension between structure and «style»

iii. Colonial encounters