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Using Technology to Adapt Instruction in a Diverse Learning Environment Patti Linden Kim McCann-Roller June 30, 2005 NECC Philadelphia, PA Pedro: a recent immigrant Joey: extremely curious and creative Emily: shy and reluctant Jeff: interested in aviation and science

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using technology to adapt instruction in a diverse learning environment

Using Technology to Adapt Instruction in a Diverse Learning Environment

Patti Linden

Kim McCann-Roller

June 30, 2005

NECC Philadelphia, PA

classroom in 2005
Pedro: a recent immigrant

Joey: extremely curious and creative

Emily: shy and reluctant

Jeff: interested in aviation and science

Amy: writes for the school newspaper

John: has slight visual impairment

Classroom in 2005

Classroom Environment

  • Affected by
    • Individual’s ability to encode information
    • Teaching tailored to student needs
    • Materials and tasks of varied levels
    • Individual student perception of success
considerations for teaching strategies
Considerations for Teaching Strategies
  • Differentiated Instruction
  • Learning Styles
  • Multiple Intelligences
  • Resources for addressing all needs
differentiated instruction




Differentiated Instruction
  • Carol Tomlinson, 2001

“Giving students multiple options to acquire content, process ideas, and demonstrate understanding.”

learning style theory
Learning Style Theory
  • How you THINK affects how you learn, and how you LEARN affects how you think.
  • No one style is preferable to or better than others.
perception abilities
Perception Abilities

How you grasp or receive information

ordering abilities
Ordering Abilities

How you organize or express information

concrete sequential learners
Concrete Sequential Learners
  • Prefer direct hands-on experience
  • Desire perfection
  • Choose to be habitual, punctual and organized
concrete sequential learners10
Outlines, Charts


Memory Games

Drill & Practice


Doing Timelines

Field Trips

Information Search

Concrete Sequential Learners

Work preferences

what is hard for a cs learner
What is Hard for a CS Learner?
  • Working in groups
  • Working in an unorganized environment
  • Dealing with abstract ideas
  • Demands to “use your imagination”
reading extension activities
Reading Extension Activities
  • For the Concrete Sequential
    • Make a Venn Diagram to show likeness and differences between two stories in the same series
    • Use the computer to research a topic related to your story
abstract random learners
Abstract Random Learners
  • Use intuition
  • Prefer unstructured environments
    • Group discussions
    • Activities
abstract random learners14

Group Discussions

Music AV

Visual Thinking

Interpretive Writing or Drawing

Allow Creative Approach


Abstract Random Learners

Work Preferences

what is hard for an ar learner
What is Hard for an AR Learner?
  • Competing
  • Working in a restricted environment
  • Concentrating on one thing at a time
  • Giving exact details
reading extension activities16
Reading Extension Activities
  • For the Abstract Random
    • Illustrate a mini book showing at least 5 parts of the story
    • Fill out “How Well Do You Know Your Characters?” page
abstract sequential learners
Abstract Sequential Learners
  • Excellent abilities with written, verbal and image symbols.
  • Prefer sequential presentations that are rational and substantive.
abstract sequential learners18
Audio Tapes

Text Reference

Topic Outlines

Research: Written Reports


Abstract Sequential Learners
  • Work Preferences
what is hard for an as learner
What is Hard for an AS Learner?
  • Too little time to deal with a subject thoroughly
  • Repeating the same tasks over and over
  • Lots of specific rules and regulations
reading extension activities20
Reading Extension Activities
  • For the Abstract Sequential
    • Write a letter to the author
    • Make a Story Train telling what happened in the beginning, middle and end of the story
concrete random learners
Concrete Random Learners
  • Like to experiment using trial-and-error
  • Prefer working independently
  • Are gamblers and risk takers
  • Thrive in a competitive atmosphere
concrete random learners22
Independent study (originality and creativity)

Simulations and Games


Problem Solving

Graphic Presentation


Concrete Random Learners

Work Preferences

what is hard for a cr learner
What is Hard for a CR Learner?
  • Creating formal reports
  • Keeping detailed records
  • Having no options
reading extension activities24
Reading Extension Activities
  • For the Concrete Random
    • Write a different ending for the book
    • Create your own extension activity
multiple intelligences

Multiple Intelligences

Using Technology Tools

word smart
Word Smart
  • Web development tools
  • Word processing
  • Using comments in word processing
  • Desktop publishing
  • Desktop presentation
  • Video recording
  • Reading and interpreting web information
number smart
Number Smart
  • Organizational tools
  • Calculation tools
  • Scientific equipment
  • Science and math software
  • Desktop presentation
  • Online data collection
  • Webquests
  • Strategy, logic, and critical thinking software
picture smart
Picture Smart
  • Animation software
  • Draw programs
  • Paint programs
  • Timeline making
  • Desktop publishing
  • Desktop presentation
  • Concept mapping tools
  • Computer generated charts
  • Spreadsheets
  • Videoconferencing
  • Scanner
  • Digital camera
music smart
Music Smart
  • Sound and music files
  • Music composition software
  • Animation
  • Interactive books
  • Audio notation in word processors
body smart
Body Smart
  • Scientific probes and microscopes
  • Video production
  • Animation
  • Claymation
  • Handheld Palms and AlphaSmarts
  • Virtual field trips
  • Lego Logo and Robotics
  • Digital still and video cameras
self smart
Self Smart
  • Concept maps
  • Internet research – self-paced
  • Word processing
  • Video projects
  • Multimedia portfolios
social smart
Social Smart
  • Email projects
  • Word processing
  • Video and teleconferencing
  • Group decisions software
  • Webquests
  • Group presentations
  • Telecommunications projects
nature smart
Nature Smart
  • Audio and video cameras
  • Digital cameras
  • Word processing
  • Data organization and calculation
  • Desktop presentations
  • Microscopes and probes
today s classroom
Today’s Classroom

Differentiated Instruction

Learning Styles


Multiple Intelligences

supporting differentiation

Supporting Differentiation

Technology Resources for Classroom Supports

text tools
Text Tools
  • Word Processor
    • Assist with Writing Process
    • Create charts and tables
    • Summarize and take notes
    • Reinforce grammar and spelling
    • Change color / Highlight important information
    • Write comments from / to teacher
graphic organizers
Graphic Organizers
  • Organize ideas
  • Increase recall
  • Combine pictures and text
  • Create storyboard projects
  • Allow color coding
  • Rearrange ideas
  • Read aloud
  • Evaluate understanding
  • Outline
software for graphic organizers
Software for Graphic Organizers
  • Inspiration
  • Kidspiration
  • Kid Pix
talking text
Talking Text
  • Software with speaking capability
  • Tools, buttons and menu selections
  • Purposes
    • ESL students
    • Below reading level
    • Below writing level
math tools
Math Tools
  • Millie’s Math House
  • Geometers Sketchpad
  • Math Class Tools by Apex Learning
  • Odyssey by Compass Learning
  • Organize data
  • Create Charts and Graphs
  • Manipulate Data
  • Regenerate charts and graphs based on manipulated data
web quest activities
Web Quest Activities














simulation tools
Simulation Tools
  • Decisions – Decisions
  • PASCO Software
  • Probe ware for Physics Classes
web resources
Web Resources
  • Locating Web Resources
    • Google
    • Marco Polo
    • American Memory Collection
  • Current news, real data, and relevant information that may not be available in the classroom
interactive web sites
Interactive Web Sites
  • Simulation activities that can augment your curriculum
  • - Aerial Maps Global Positioning – Longitude and Latitude
  • US and World Geography lesson includes reading charts and maps to answer the questions.
  • Online stock market simulation
slide46 Real world simulation geared to teach teens about credit and banking.
  • National Council of Teachers of Mathematics - simulation exercises related to math
  • Augment fractions by selecting friends and dividing cookies.
slide47 Online interactive geoboards
  • Build a roller coaster – Gravity, friction, mass and speed can all be factored into the equation
  • How long will it take you to save up for a car?
  • Add up the price of sales at the Farm Stand
slide48 - Make a timeline
  • - Identify Contractions
  • - Put a story in the correct order.
  • - Save the Salmon
slide49 - Create Rube Goldberg type contraptions

  • - Science grades K-6
  • Math dictionary with interactive examples
sharing web resources
Sharing Web Resources
  • Create hotlists
interactive electronic tools for the classroom
Interactive Electronic Tools for the Classroom
  • Mimio
  • Classroom Performance System
  • Turning Point’s Interactive Power Point
  • Investment in Professional Development
    • Exploring Software
    • Technology Related Prep Time
    • Technology Mentors
    • Technology Tips
  • Collaboration about classroom management
where do i start
Where Do I Start?
  • Maintain modest goals
  • Learn from and with your colleagues
  • Ask for help
  • Learn from and with your students
Technology Tools are imbedded into the learning process, not the focus of the learning.

Choices – Choices - Choices

thank you for attending
Thank you for attending!
  • Patti Linden
  • Kim McCann-Roller
  • Learning Styles - Melba Taylor-
  • Why Bother Learning about Learning Styles and Psychological Types? - Teresa Larkin-Hein Dan Budny -
  • Learning Styles –
  • Using Flexible Technology to Meet the Needs of Diverse Learners: What Teachers Can Do, Lisa Wahl and Julie Duffield, WestEd RTEC, 2005
  • Technology Tips for Diversified Instruction, Julie Duffield, WestEd RTEC, 2004