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Using Technology to Adapt Instruction in a Diverse Learning Environment

Using Technology to Adapt Instruction in a Diverse Learning Environment

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Using Technology to Adapt Instruction in a Diverse Learning Environment

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  1. Using Technology to Adapt Instruction in a Diverse Learning Environment Patti Linden Kim McCann-Roller June 30, 2005 NECC Philadelphia, PA

  2. Pedro: a recent immigrant Joey: extremely curious and creative Emily: shy and reluctant Jeff: interested in aviation and science Amy: writes for the school newspaper John: has slight visual impairment Classroom in 2005

  3. Classroom Environment • Affected by • Individual’s ability to encode information • Teaching tailored to student needs • Materials and tasks of varied levels • Individual student perception of success

  4. Considerations for Teaching Strategies • Differentiated Instruction • Learning Styles • Multiple Intelligences • Resources for addressing all needs

  5. Content Process Product Differentiated Instruction • Carol Tomlinson, 2001 “Giving students multiple options to acquire content, process ideas, and demonstrate understanding.”

  6. Learning Style Theory • How you THINK affects how you learn, and how you LEARN affects how you think. • No one style is preferable to or better than others.

  7. Perception Abilities How you grasp or receive information

  8. Ordering Abilities How you organize or express information

  9. Concrete Sequential Learners • Prefer direct hands-on experience • Desire perfection • Choose to be habitual, punctual and organized

  10. Outlines, Charts Demonstrations Memory Games Drill & Practice Hands-on-Work Doing Timelines Field Trips Information Search Concrete Sequential Learners Work preferences

  11. What is Hard for a CS Learner? • Working in groups • Working in an unorganized environment • Dealing with abstract ideas • Demands to “use your imagination”

  12. Reading Extension Activities • For the Concrete Sequential • Make a Venn Diagram to show likeness and differences between two stories in the same series • Use the computer to research a topic related to your story

  13. Abstract Random Learners • Use intuition • Prefer unstructured environments • Group discussions • Activities

  14. Movies Group Discussions Music AV Visual Thinking Interpretive Writing or Drawing Allow Creative Approach Webbing Abstract Random Learners Work Preferences

  15. What is Hard for an AR Learner? • Competing • Working in a restricted environment • Concentrating on one thing at a time • Giving exact details

  16. Reading Extension Activities • For the Abstract Random • Illustrate a mini book showing at least 5 parts of the story • Fill out “How Well Do You Know Your Characters?” page

  17. Abstract Sequential Learners • Excellent abilities with written, verbal and image symbols. • Prefer sequential presentations that are rational and substantive.

  18. Audio Tapes Text Reference Topic Outlines Research: Written Reports Analysis Abstract Sequential Learners • Work Preferences

  19. What is Hard for an AS Learner? • Too little time to deal with a subject thoroughly • Repeating the same tasks over and over • Lots of specific rules and regulations

  20. Reading Extension Activities • For the Abstract Sequential • Write a letter to the author • Make a Story Train telling what happened in the beginning, middle and end of the story

  21. Concrete Random Learners • Like to experiment using trial-and-error • Prefer working independently • Are gamblers and risk takers • Thrive in a competitive atmosphere

  22. Independent study (originality and creativity) Simulations and Games Brainstorming Problem Solving Graphic Presentation Webbing Concrete Random Learners Work Preferences

  23. What is Hard for a CR Learner? • Creating formal reports • Keeping detailed records • Having no options

  24. Reading Extension Activities • For the Concrete Random • Write a different ending for the book • Create your own extension activity

  25. Multiple Intelligences Using Technology Tools

  26. Word Smart • Web development tools • Word processing • Using comments in word processing • Desktop publishing • Desktop presentation • Video recording • Reading and interpreting web information

  27. Number Smart • Organizational tools • Calculation tools • Scientific equipment • Science and math software • Desktop presentation • Online data collection • Webquests • Strategy, logic, and critical thinking software

  28. Picture Smart • Animation software • Draw programs • Paint programs • Timeline making • Desktop publishing • Desktop presentation • Concept mapping tools • Computer generated charts • Spreadsheets • Videoconferencing • Scanner • Digital camera

  29. Music Smart • Sound and music files • Music composition software • Animation • Interactive books • Audio notation in word processors

  30. Body Smart • Scientific probes and microscopes • Video production • Animation • Claymation • Handheld Palms and AlphaSmarts • Virtual field trips • Lego Logo and Robotics • Digital still and video cameras

  31. Self Smart • Concept maps • Internet research – self-paced • Word processing • Video projects • Multimedia portfolios

  32. Social Smart • Email projects • Word processing • Video and teleconferencing • Group decisions software • Webquests • Group presentations • Telecommunications projects

  33. Nature Smart • Audio and video cameras • Digital cameras • Word processing • Data organization and calculation • Desktop presentations • Microscopes and probes

  34. Today’s Classroom Differentiated Instruction Learning Styles NCLB Multiple Intelligences

  35. Supporting Differentiation Technology Resources for Classroom Supports

  36. Text Tools • Word Processor • Assist with Writing Process • Create charts and tables • Summarize and take notes • Reinforce grammar and spelling • Change color / Highlight important information • Write comments from / to teacher

  37. Graphic Organizers • Organize ideas • Increase recall • Combine pictures and text • Create storyboard projects • Allow color coding • Rearrange ideas • Read aloud • Evaluate understanding • Outline

  38. Software for Graphic Organizers • Inspiration • Kidspiration • Kid Pix

  39. Talking Text • Software with speaking capability • Tools, buttons and menu selections • Purposes • ESL students • Below reading level • Below writing level

  40. Math Tools • Millie’s Math House • Geometers Sketchpad • Math Class Tools by Apex Learning • Odyssey by Compass Learning

  41. Spreadsheets • Organize data • Create Charts and Graphs • Manipulate Data • Regenerate charts and graphs based on manipulated data

  42. Web Quest Activities Abstract Random Abstract Sequential Cooperative Learning Thinking Skills Technology Concrete Random Concrete Sequential

  43. Simulation Tools • Decisions – Decisions • PASCO Software • Probe ware for Physics Classes

  44. Web Resources • Locating Web Resources • Google • Marco Polo • Webster.com • American Memory Collection • Answers.com • Current news, real data, and relevant information that may not be available in the classroom

  45. Interactive Web Sites • http://pbskids.org Simulation activities that can augment your curriculum • http://interactive2.usgs.gov/learningweb/fun/map.asp - Aerial Maps Global Positioning – Longitude and Latitude • http://www.eduplace.com/geonet/ US and World Geography lesson includes reading charts and maps to answer the questions. • http://www.econedlink.org/lessons/nn335/activity.html Online stock market simulation

  46. http://www.italladdsup.org Real world simulation geared to teach teens about credit and banking. • http://illuminations.nctm.org/tools/index.aspx National Council of Teachers of Mathematics - simulation exercises related to math • http://www.teacherlink.org/content/math/interactive/flash/kidsandcookies/kidcookie.php Augment fractions by selecting friends and dividing cookies.

  47. http://standards.nctm.org/document/eexamples/chap4/4.2/index.htm Online interactive geoboards • http://www.funderstanding.com/k12/coaster/ Build a roller coaster – Gravity, friction, mass and speed can all be factored into the equation • http://www.kidsbank.com/calculators/index.asp How long will it take you to save up for a car? • http://www.prongo.com/farm/game.html Add up the price of sales at the Farm Stand

  48. http://www.readwritethink.org/materials/timeline/index.html - Make a timeline • http://www.primarygames.com/contractions/start.htm - Identify Contractions • http://pbskids.org/arthur/games/storyscramble/scramble.html - Put a story in the correct order. • http://dnr.metrokc.gov/wlr/waterres/salmonch.htm - Save the Salmon

  49. http://www.inventionatplay.org/playhouse_tinker.html - Create Rube Goldberg type contraptions • http://www.fossweb.com/ - Science grades K-6 • http://www.amathsdictionaryforkids.com/ Math dictionary with interactive examples

  50. Sharing Web Resources • Create hotlists • www.backflip.com