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ELA Common Core State Standards Digital Learning Cadre. Theresa Bennett ELA, Education Associate January 11, 2013. Agenda. ELA Common Core State Standards (CCSS ): Structure of the Standards Need for Change The Shifts. The Background of the Common Core.

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ela common core state standards digital learning cadre

ELA Common Core State StandardsDigital Learning Cadre

Theresa Bennett

ELA, Education Associate

January 11, 2013

agenda
Agenda
  • ELA Common Core State Standards (CCSS):
    • Structure of the Standards
    • Need for Change
    • The Shifts
the background of the common core
The Background of the Common Core
  • Initiated by the National Governors Association (NGA) and Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) with the following design principles:
    • Result in College and Career Readiness
    • Based on solid research and practice evidence
    • Fewer, higher, and clearer
standards for ela literacy in common core state history social studies science technical subjects
Standards for ELA & Literacy in Common Core State History/Social Studies, Science, & Technical Subjects

College and Career Readiness (CCR) Standards

  • Overarching standards for each strand that are further defined by grade-specific standards

Grade-Level Standards in English Language Arts

  • K-8, grade-by-grade
  • 9-10 and 11-12 grade bands for high school
  • Four strands: Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening, and Language

Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects

  • Standards are embedded at grades K-5
  • Content-specific literacy standards are provided for grades 6-8, 9-10, and 11-12
slide5

READING

WRITING

SPEAKING & LISTENING

LANGUAGE

10 Anchor Standards

for College and Career Readiness

10 Anchor Standards

for College and Career Readiness

6 Anchor Standards for CCR

6 Anchor Standards for CCR

Foundational Skills

ELA Standards K-12

Literacy

Standards 6-12

Literacy

Standards 6-12

ELA Standards K-12

ELA Standards K-12

ELA Standards K-12

Inform Text

Literary Text

Hist. / S.S.

Sci. / Tech Subj.

K

K

K

→ → → → → →

→ → → → → → → → → → →

K

K

K

1

1

1

→ → → → → →

→ → → → → → → → → → →

1

1

1

2

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→ → → → → →

→ → → → → → → → → → →

2

2

2

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→ → → → → →

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→ → → → → → → → → → →

4

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→ → → → → →

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→ → → → → → → → → → →

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→ → → → → →

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→ → → → → → → → → → →

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6-8

6-8

6-8

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9-10

9-10

9-10

9-10

9-10

9-10

9-10

9-10

11-12

11-12

11-12

11-12

11-12

11-12

11-12

11-12

Adapted from Kansas

structure of the standards
Structure of the Standards

Strand

  • Four Strands: Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening, Language
  • Reading and Writing = 10 Anchor Standards; Speaking & Listening and Language = 6 Anchor Standards
  • Text complexity standards are listed by grade “bands”: K-1, 2-3, 4-5, 6-8, 9-10, 11-12, CCR – College and Career Ready)

3 RL 1

Grade Strand Standard

Anchor Standard

Grade-Specific Standard

what and how
What and How
  • ELA CCSS = What
  • Shifts in ELA = How
  • In order to ensure these new standards prepare Delaware’s students to be college and career ready, educators need to focus on the “big” shifts that affect ELA.
the big instructional shifts
The “Big” Instructional Shifts
  • Building knowledge through content-rich literary nonfiction and informational texts
  • Reading and writing grounded in evidence from the text
  • Regular practice with complex text and its academic vocabulary

Revised Publishers’ Criteria, K-2 and 3-12

david coleman and sue pimental
David Coleman and Sue Pimental
  • http://tinyurl.com/cod6ooj
critical conversations about the big shifts
Critical Conversations About “The Big Shifts”

READING

  • Informational text must be studied in addition to literature.
  • Foundational reading skills are more specifically defined K-5.
  • Text complexity and range of text types is more specifically defined to ensure consistency and rigor.
  • Close reading is required for acquiring knowledge from text and deepening comprehension.
  • Technology is viewed as more than a tool; it changes reading and reading instruction.
critical conversations about the big shifts1
Critical Conversations About “The Big Shifts”

WRITING

  • Narrative, informative/explanatory, and opinion/argument writing are emphasized.
  • Writing exemplars are included to ensure consistent rigorous expectations for student writing.
  • Research and inquiry are emphasized as processes rather than a text type.
  • Technology is viewed as more than a tool; it changes writing and writing instruction.
critical conversations about the big shifts2
Critical Conversations About “The Big Shifts”

SPEAKING and LISTENING

  • Discussion is viewed as a key component of learning and shared knowledge.
  • Speaking and listening are viewed as embedded aspects of every English Language Arts classroom.
  • Technology is viewed as more than a tool; it changes the way speaking and listening occurs.
critical conversations about the big shifts3
Critical Conversations About “The Big Shifts”

LANGUAGE

  • Punctuation and grammar instruction must occur in embedded and authentic contexts.
  • Vocabulary instruction must be intentional and occur in authentic contexts.
shift 1 pk 5 balance of informational and literary text
Shift #1: PK-5, Balance of Informational and Literary Text
  • Rationale: Elementary students typically encounter curriculum that is heavily influenced by literary text.
  • Implications for Instruction: Elementary students need a balance (50/50); they need to learn the structures of both literary and informational text to deepen comprehension.
shift 2 6 12 building knowledge in the disciplines
Shift #2: 6-12, Building Knowledge in the Disciplines
  • Rationale: Literacy needs to be owned by all.
  • Implications for Instruction: Students need an opportunity to read a variety of discipline-specific texts
    • Literary Nonfiction and Informational Text for ELA
    • Discipline-specific texts across other content areas
slide22

The percentages on the table reflect the sum of student reading, not just reading in ELA settings. Teachers of senior English classes, for example, are not required to devote 70 percent of reading to informational texts. Rather, 70 percent of student reading across the grade should be informational. (P. 5 CCSS)

shift 3 staircase of complexity
Shift #3: Staircase of Complexity
  • Rationale: All students need to read a range of texts; they need appropriate scaffolding to be able to read closely and analyze challenging text.
  • Implications for Instruction: Choose short and extended texts that represent a range. Teach students how to choose books (independent, challenging, just right). Model how to read closely and analyze text. Let students productively struggle.
shift 4 text based answers
Shift #4: Text-Based Answers
  • Rationale: Students need to discuss/ answer text-dependent questions – not text-inspired or “cookie cutter”
  • Implications for Instruction: Teachers need to ask text-based questions and teach students how to refer back to the text to gather evidence. Encourage students to use text-dependent questions during discussions.
shift 5 writing from sources
Shift #5: Writing From Sources
  • Rationale: Students need to learn how to gather evidence to marshal an argument, using multiple sources.
  • Implications for Instruction: Students need to do purposeful writing that requires text evidence. Short, focused research, using multiple texts, needs to be a staple in a unit.
shift 6 academic vocabulary
Shift #6: Academic Vocabulary
  • Rationale: Teachers need to spend more time on academic vocabulary (Tier 2).
  • Implications for Instruction: Tier 2 vocabulary (or academic vocabulary) exposes students to multi-meaning words that transcend all content areas. Tier 3 vocabulary is domain or discipline-specific and should be encountered in the content-area classroom in an authentic context.
integrated model of literacy
Integrated Model of Literacy
  • An integrated model of literacy gives students the opportunity to find logical and purposeful connections among texts using reading skills and strategies.
  • An important feature of the ELA Common Core State Standards is the representation of reading comprehension skills in a similar manner across informational text and literature
      • (Liebling & Meltzer, 2011)
that was then this is now
That was then…this is now.
  • Literary Unit
    • Story Map
    • Predictions
    • Author’s Purpose
    • Writer’s Workshop – Narrative
  • Informational Unit
  • Research Unit
  • Theme/Unit
    • Text Structures for both literary and informational
    • Gather evidence for both literary and informational
    • Author’s purpose/ perspective both
    • Writer’s workshop that includes both opinion or informational and narrative writing
    • Integrated research
slide30

What does it mean to be ELA Common Core-Ready?

  • There is anunderstanding of the CCSS Structure
    • Reading
    • Writing
    • Speaking & Listening
    • Language
  • There is anunderstanding of the shifts
    • implications for instruction
    • Implications for assessment
  • There is an understanding of the Publishers’ Criteria
    • to ensure alignment of materials with the Standards
    • to provide a clear and consistent framework
digital literacy standards
Digital Literacy Standards
  • W6: Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and to interact and collaborate with others.
  • W8: Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism
slide32

RI7: Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.

  • RL7: Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.
slide33

SL2: Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

  • SL5: Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations.
ccss resources
CCSS Resources
  • Guide to the ELA Shifts: http://www.doe.k12.de.us/commoncore/ela/files/ELAInstructionalShifts.pdf
  • SBAC Performance Tasks: http://dese.mo.gov/divimprove/assess/sbac.html#sbaccample
  • HQPD Modules: http://www.doe.k12.de.us/commoncore/ela/admintoolkit/hqpd.shtml