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Three of Canada’s First Nations

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Robinson 2009. Three of Canada’s First Nations. Mi’kmaq – ‘my brothers’. Occupied lands in present day PEI, Nova Scotia & New Brunswick. Lived near water in the summer and away from it during the winter. Mi’kmaq – ‘my brothers’. Mi ’ kmaq government was arranged into 7 districts.

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mi kmaq my brothers
Mi’kmaq – ‘my brothers’
  • Occupied lands in present day PEI, Nova Scotia & New Brunswick.
  • Lived near water in the summer and away from it during the winter
mi kmaq my brothers1
Mi’kmaq – ‘my brothers’
  • Mi’kmaq government was arranged into 7 districts.
  • Each district had a local leader (Saqamaw)
  • The Saqamaw for each district would be the communities representative for the Grand Council
anishinabee the original people
Anishinabee – ‘the original people’
  • Also known as Ojibwe or Chippewa (they do not like this term, as it was given to them by the early French settlers.
anishinabee the original people1
Anishinabee – ‘the original people’

Organized into to clans called Dodems. Each Dodem had a different responsibility in the community.

Responsibilities include: Leadership, Teaching/scholarship, policing, community needs (i.e. – housing), defense, spiritual needs.

haudenosaunee people of the longhouse
Haudenosaunee – people of the longhouse
  • Also known as Iroquois, but they do not like this name as it was given to them by the early French fur traders.
  • The confederacy was comprised of 6 nations: Cayuga,Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, and Tuscarora
  • They spoke different languages but all accepted The Great Law of Peace.
haudenosaunee the people of the longhouse
Haudenosaunee – The People of the Longhouse
  • Government – Fifty men sat on the Grand council as chiefs, or Hoyaneh, but they were selected by the Clan mothers.
  • The Clan mothers had the ability to remove a Hoyaneh if he was not meeting expectations.
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