Incan ruins Machu Picchu . The Aztecs. French fur traders. Spanish Explorers. Unit 2 – When Cultures Collide. Mayan ruins. Arriving at Jamestown. This key explains the coloring of the arrows shown above. The lighter the color, the more recent the migration. North America.
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Unit 2 – When Cultures Collide
Arriving at Jamestown
Migration of people from Central Asia dates back 13 to 16,000 years ago, during the last great ice age. At that time, the Bering Strait was a land bridge connecting North America and Asia. The migration of people from the East across this land bridge in search of food, began the slow development of the Western Hemisphere.
The empires had their share of differences but shared many things in common. The most notable was their strong belief in religion which required human sacrifice.
It was located in present day Guatemala and Mexico.
An important contribution from the Mayan Civilization was the concept of zero, by giving it a place value when used in math .
The concept of zero, as used in math was an important contribution from the Mayan Civilization.
This is a form of graphic writing, using signs and symbols instead of letters, as we do.
On the bottom right is a daily calendar. The calendar above is for holidays, ceremonies and religious rites.
They were extremely accurate with their observations of the planets, sun and moon. This skill helped them create two types of calendars.
Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile and Columbia.
The Incan empire came to an end by way of the Spanish, which is similar to the Aztec’s demise.
Marco Polo’s Journey
When Europeans heard of Marco Eeast. Columbus began the journeys by traveling west, not realizing that two continents and two oceans would stop him and his crew.
Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World in 1492. He traveled across the Atlantic, hoping to find a shorter route to East Indies and Asia.
Henry Hudson sailing up the Hudson River, of all places
The Age of Explorers 1492 – 1630
This was a time of exploration and discovery. Columbus, Hudson, Magellan, Balboa and countless other explorers left their homelands in Europe to find shorter trade routes, at first. There is evidence that Leif Erikson and other Vikings reached North America around 1000 A.D.
Our review will begin with the Spanish conquistadors.
By 1521, the Aztecs were defeated by Cortez!
The Spanish had horses, armor, guns, swords to use in battle. They also had allies in the Aztec’s enemies to increase their troops, but just as important(to be continued!)
The Spanish had something more powerful. Unexpectedly, they brought disease to America, which the Native Americans had never experienced and had no immunity against, especially small pox.
When who should stop by, but Francisco Pizarro, another Spanish conquistador who’ll stop at nothing for riches like gold.
This doesn’t bode well for the Incan Empire.
The world got a little closer and shared its wealth as a result of the age of exploration. It was known as the Columbian Exchange. Up to that time, Europe was without tomato, corn (maize) and cacao bean (the source of chocolate).
The new world got grapes, bananas and horses to name just a few items.
English settlers came to America for a variety of reasons – mostly to escape problems they faced in England
In short, they wanted to
start a new life!
-had its own government
-had the support of England
-was the first settlement to survive beyond settlement and continue as a colony
For instance, Roanoke was earlier but did not have any survivors when supply ships returned from England.
Unlike the Spanish, French explorers treated Native Americans fairly. They knew the natives were essential to survival in the New World.
The French treated the natives fairly.
The Spanish were cruel and betrayed their trust and enslaved those not killed.
A. They both needed Native Americans to survive.
B. They both tried to convert the Native Americans
C. They both brought diseases to the Native Americans
Las Vegas, located in southwest USA is located between which two lines of latitude?
Answer: What are 30 and 40 degrees north latitude?
_?_degrees north latitude goes through central New Jersey.
40degrees north latitude
Albany, located in northeast USA is located between which two lines of longitude?
Answer: What are 70 and 80 degrees west longitude?
Time Line Review
1438 Pachacuti becomes ruler of the Incas
1524 Giovanni da Verrazano returns to France claiming a New World for France.
1513 Vasco de Balboa reaches the Pacific Ocean.
1492 Columbus lands in Caribbean for Spain
1440 Johannes Gutenberg invents printing press.
1497 – 1498 Vasco da Gama sailed from Portugal to India
1519 Cortez ends Aztec Empire.
Which came first – Columbus’s arrival in the New World or Balboa reaching the Pacific ?
Answer: Columbus arrived first in 1492, but even without a time line, we should know that Columbus began the modern European exploration of the New World.
How many years after DaGama arrived in India did the Aztec Empire End?
Answer: What is 21 years?
List in order the following people/events from first to fourth: Cortez, Pachacuti, Balboa and Verrazano.
Answer: Pachacuti, Balboa, Cortez and Verrazano.
After reading the passage above and using the graphic to the right as a guide, answer the sample question on paper at home. Remember to use the RASC model when writing your response.
Sample Question: Do you think one hemisphere benefitted more from the Columbian Exchange than the other
RASC = Restatethe question, Answer the question, Support your answer, Conclusion
Restate (example): One hemisphere benefitted from the Columbian Exchange.
Answer: I think that the Western Hemisphere benefitted more from the Columbian Exchange. (The choice of Western Hemisphere is only used as an example – it does not mean it is the correct answer. The student makes it correct by supporting it with facts.)
Support: This is where the student uses information from the graphic and passage to show an understanding why Western Hemisphere or why Europe and Africa were chosen.
Conclude: It is for these reasons I believe the Western hemisphere benefitted more from the Columbian Exchange.