Color Vision - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

chuong
color vision n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Color Vision PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Color Vision

play fullscreen
1 / 21
Download Presentation
Color Vision
178 Views
Download Presentation

Color Vision

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Color Vision Topic 4: Anatomical and Physiological Basis of Color Vision

  2. Happy Valentine!

  3. Outline • Anatomy of human eye • Retinal Circuitry

  4. Anatomy of Human Eye http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=Z8asc2SfFHM b

  5. Retinal Circuitry

  6. Photoreceptors • Rods • 100 million, rich in periphery • Highly sensitive, operating at dim lights • Poor spatial, temporal vision • Poor color vision • Cones • 8 million, rich in fovea • Less sensitive, operating at bright light • Good spatial, temporal vision • Good color vision

  7. Photoreceptors Scotopic Rods alone Mesopic Rods & Cones Photopic Cones alone Stockman & Sharpe 2006, Based on Design of Hood & Finkelstein, 1986

  8. Rod and Cones (Dark-Adaptation Curve)

  9. Rods and Cones (Increment Threshold)

  10. Rods and Cones

  11. Rods and Cones

  12. Rods and Cones

  13. Ganglion Cells

  14. How they do what they do Ganglion cells receive chemical messages from retinal interneurons which they turn into electrical messages to send to the brain visual centers. This is done through induced membrane currents, when neurotransmitters start a response of either excitatory or inhibitory ganglion cells

  15. Different Types of Ganglion Cell Types/Responses ON-cell: respond with impulses to transient bursts of light during the whole time light is being used as a stimulus OFF-cell: respond with impulses when light is turned off, for the whole time there is no light

  16. Receptive Field

  17. Color Selective Ganglion Cells • Red ON/Green OFF • Red OFF/Green ON • Green ON/Red OFF • Green OFF/Red ON

  18. Ganglion Cells

  19. Ganglion Cells

  20. Questions • When we are in a pitch black room, and then turn the lights on, what part of our eye makes our eyes squint? Which part in our eye is the most sensitive to light? • Is there a way to perceive the blind spot on the retina, or does our brain fill it in with perceptions from the other eye? How big is this blind spot? • Does the thickness of the central retina contribute to why it does not show as much of the outside world as the peripheral retina?  • Why are the cells in the sensory layer of the retina arranged the way they are? Wouldn't it make more sense to have the rods and cones be closest to the lens since having the light pass through the ganglion and bipolar cells would scatter the light, decreasing the quality of images we see?

  21. Questions invertebrates vertebrates