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Sociology 12. Subculture and Counterculture. Outcome. •Investigate the existence of subcultures and countercultures in Canadian society. Subculture. Definition of Subculture : a. the cultural values and behavioral patterns distinctive of a particular group in a society.

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sociology 12

Sociology 12

Subculture and Counterculture


•Investigate the existence of subcultures and countercultures in Canadian society.


Definition of Subculture:

a. the cultural values and behavioral patterns distinctive of a particular group in a society.

b. a group having social, economic, ethnic, or other traits distinctive enough to distinguish it from others within the same culture or society.


Perceived as having both positive and negative effects on society.

social divide
Social Divide

Subcultures can exist or divide through a multitude of dimensions :

Social class

Ethnic or racial background


Social groups and clubs


How do you perceive the effects of subculture within your environment?

Are you a member of a subculture? If so, what role do you believe that it plays in your social interactions?

subculture can be defined by
Subculture can be defined by
  • Rituals/ Tradition
  • Values/ Norms
  • Dress
  • Language

Tools and Equipment


subculture in canada
Subculture in Canada

Generally perceived in a positive manner

Its what makes Canadian culture so unique

Cultural mosaic

Strengthens social groups (a sense of belonging)


the culture and lifestyle of those people, especially among the young, who reject or oppose the dominant values and behavior of society.


Can have negative societal effects

Can have a negative origin

Exists on a multitude of levels (political, personal, social, etc)

extreme reactions to counterculture
Extreme reactions to Counterculture

FLQ , 1960’s


Hells Angels


the flq

FLQ stands for Front de Libération du Québec


This was a group of radical nationalists that began in the 1960's

This group believed that armed insurrection of violent rebellion was what they had to do to achieve their goals.

October Crisis 1970

extremist counterculture
Extremist Counterculture

Terrorists attacks are an extreme example of how counterculture can destroy the very glue that bonds society together, our sense of security and unity.


White supremacists

Known for racial hatred, but extends to gender and beyond.

No known national organization but linked to gang affiliates: Heritage Front (1989), Aryan Resistance Movement, Northern Hammerskins.

hells angels
Hells Angels

Motorcycle club

Linked to organized crime, murder, drugs, extortion, etc.

Widely feared.

Motto "When we do right, nobody remembers. When we do wrong, nobody forgets".


From a political perspective Counterculture materializes in society according to government/societal approval.

Adverse political decisions can lead to a distinct counter-culture

counterculture in the 1960s
Counterculture in the 1960s

One of the truest forms of perceived counterculture in the 60’s was the development of a society of people who were referred to as hippies.

These individuals were seen as counter productive to the goals/ways of North American society.