DRINK SPIKING • 4 out of 5 victims are female • 20-30% of incidents involve sexual assaults • Many victims do not know who the offender is • 2/3 of incidents occur at licensed premises • Many victims experience memory loss • Vast majority of offences go unreported • Difficult to prove as Blood & Urine samples are not taken
TEACHER STRATEGY INFORM YOUNG PEOPLE WITH FACTUAL RATHER THAN FEARFUL OR NEGATIVE INFORMATION. USE OF DIFFERENT EDUCATIONAL TOOLS AND RESOURCES
EDUCATIONAL TOOLS & RESOURCES • ELECTRONIC OR PRINTED MEDIA • ACTORS AND ROLE MODELS • WEBSITES AND REFERENCES • PERSONAL STORIES / OPEN DISCUSSIONS • AWARENESS WEEKS • FACT FINDING MISSIONS • VISITS BY AMBULANCE PARAMEDICS, POLICE ETC. • DISCUSSIONS IN THE HOME / INVOLVING PARENTS • CREATIVE & BRAIN STORMING: SOLUTIONS • EDUCATIONAL VIDEOS / BOOKS
TEACHING APPROACH • Develop activity exercises out of reported incidents in the media (e.g. Drink Spiking, Alcohol Products targeting kids etc.) • Have an open discussion highlighting possible solutions or serious consequences. • harm minimisation / avoidance skills. • Competitions to stimulate creative & tailored strategies for young people by young people. • Pause to discuss major points in hard hitting educational videos
STRATEGY • Previewing (segments / whole / booklet) • Viewing (pausing) • Reviewing (resource / study / exercises) • Reflecting (processing, summarising)
Use of Video as a tool to enable: • Teacher approach in classroom setting • Various choices of activities and themes • Students to submit work for assessment • Balanced & integrated experience of viewing, writing, listening, speaking, reading & reflecting • Active Learning • Sharing thoughts, emotions, empathy in a healthy environment of open discussion
Suggested activity exerciseKnow Your Limit Educational Video • Scene: Two drops of ink placed into a big and a small container. The small container changes colour significantly whilst the larger container hardly changes at all. • Exercise: Develop a similar example which explains the way alcohol can make its way into muscle but not fat tissue.
Junior Secondary Give an example of alcohol / fluid mix Discuss other properties of alcohol (e.g. Flammable, antiseptic etc.) Discuss natural form of alcohol in mixes Senior Secondary Research the body water percentage How does that differ with gender Why is alcohol unable to mix with fat How does this relate to body space/volume Discussion Ideas for Teachers
Suggested activity exerciseKnow Your Limit Educational Video • Scene: Alicia seems to be extremely intoxicated whilst Jenny does not seem affected at all; yet they both have essentially same BAC. • Exercise: Discuss how tolerance can virtually cause death of a person by masking the effect of a drug and tricking the body into thinking it’s ok.
Junior Secondary Analogy: Tolerance masks pain but does not prevent harm Discuss difference between tolerance & immune Social acceptance of tolerance to alcohol and the macho drinker (is harm still occurring?) Senior Secondary Tolerance & overdosing Tolerance & Other Drugs Tolerance & Craving Tolerance & Withdrawal TOLERANCE APPLIES TO ALL ADDICTIVE DRUGS INCLUDING ALCOHOL Discussion Ideas for Teachers
Suggested activity exerciseKnow Your Limit Educational Video • Scene: The ladies blew twice the BAC readings compared to the men despite the fact that they consumed the same amount of alcohol. • Exercise: Discuss how vulnerable the female body is to alcohol; the same can be argued for other drugs.
Junior Secondary Discuss the inequality between the sexes w.r.t. effect of alcohol and other drugs: Metabolism Liver Size Fat to muscle ratio Senior Secondary Higher vulnerability of women to alcohol & other drugs: Physically Socially Safety Sexual Offences (STD’s) Other….. Discussion Ideas for Teachers
Junior Secondary Concept of Std Drink International Unit Evaluate BAC Evaluate consumption Label on Packaging Legal issue (DD) Senior Secondary Estimating own BAC Number of Std Drinks Number of Hours Liver’s ability Size and Gendre An equation BAC vs Drunkenness Know Your Limit:Using the Chart / Pamphlet
Educational Video: About A Drug Called Alcohol • Scene: The Graphics showing that men’s breasts grow and their testicles shrink as a result of long term alcohol abuse • Exercise: Teachers to decide appropriateness of such materials for discussion in the classroom whilst considering age and other sensitive parameters relevant to their own setting. • Possible Topic for Discussion: Discuss the ramifications of loss of Testosterone on a young male image. What is a scenario which could be envisaged as a realistic case depicting such damage and relate to “Binge” drinking.
Educational Video: About A Drug Called Alcohol • Scene: Images of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Exercise: Teachers to decide appropriateness of such materials for discussion in the classroom whilst considering age and other sensitive parameters relevant to their own setting. • Possible Topic for Discussion: Alcohol’s damaging effect on a developing Foetus not dissimilar from its damaging impact on a developing Adolescent.
Educational Video: About A Drug Called Alcohol • Scene: Alcohol being poured into a glass and pills come out • Exercise: Discuss meaning of alcohol as a Drug and social ramifications of its acceptance; Challenge students to come out with creative solutions (e.g. warning on bottles as is the case in tobacco labels)
Junior Secondary Is Alcohol a Drug? Benefits Side effects Misuse and harm Drug of addiction Science / Integrated Studies Senior Secondary What type of Drug is Alcohol? What is the meaning of Depressant? Does that mean alcohol makes you sad? Name other similarly acting drugs. Discussion Ideas for Teachers
Educational Video: About A Drug Called Alcohol • Scene: DARE DRINKING AT PARTIES / BLACKOUTS / GREYOUTS. • Exercise: Teachers to decide appropriateness of such materials for discussion in the classroom whilst considering age and other sensitive parameters relevant to their own setting. • Possible Topics for Discussion: Damage of the brain & long term consequences; Social acceptance of blackouts & young people having fun; Dare Drinking causing death or coma.
Junior Secondary What is Systemic Damage? Why is the effect of alcohol so thorough? Is there any organ or tissue safe from the long term damage by alcohol? Why? Senior Secondary Pick an organ or tissue: Research & investigate the nature of long term alcohol misuse using images & examples. Science Project About A Drug Called Alcohol:Using the Booklet
Number of Victorian students involved in road trauma in the past 5Yrs. • Over 10,000 primary aged children • Over 21,000 secondary aged young people • 233 young people (5-18 years) were killed during this period
Further Resources / References Road Safety Behavioural Programs (secondary): • Keys Please: Year 10 students - Parent Learner Driver Information (Evening Session) funded by VicRoads; call Graham Riley on 9881 8017 (includes Facilitator and Police Representative). 2.Looking After Our Mates: Year 11 students - Effects of alcohol, Standard Drink and Strategies for going out with “mates” funded by RoadSafe; Contact the respective Road Safety Coordinator (1 hr day session) (includes Facilitator and Police Representative) 3.TAC - Muck Up Video: Year 12 Students - Part of the Legal Studies Resource available to schools. 4.Manningham: involved with thestate-wide “Fit to Drive Program” incorporating all above program & an additional half day workshop for year 11 students.
Useful Websites • www.vicroads.vic.gov.au • www.doi.vic.gov.au • www.sofweb.vic.edu.au/physed/traffic • www.tac.vic.gov.au • www.racv.com.au • www.police.vic.gov.au • www.roadsafe.org.au