Nepravidelná slovesa v přítomném a minulém čase Základní škola Jakuba Jana Ryby Rožmitál pod Třemšínem Mgr. M. Hašková Efektivní výuka pro rozvoj potenciálu žáka projekt v rámci Operačního programu VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ PRO KONKURENCESCHOPNOST
Tvar sloves v minulém čase Nepravidelná slovesa se ze začátku učí nejlépe memorováním. K zapamatování pomůže i nějaký příklad. Dejte pozor na výslovnost!
eat Přítomný čas I usually eat my breakfast in the morning. She doesn´t eat after six in the evening. ate Minulý čas I ate all the cookies . He ate in a restaurant and went back to work.
make Přítomný čas I make a sandwich for lunch. A composer makes music. made Minulý čas They made a new film about Elizabeth I. I made two phone calls in the morning.
come Přítomný čas I come to school at seven thirty. Our son sometimes comes for the weekend. came Minulý čas I came home at 9 p.m. last evening. She came back a month latter.
write Přítomný čas I never write letters. A journalist writes for a newspaper. wrote Minulý čas I wrote to my mum from our holiday. He wrote a message for Mike.
fly Přítomný čas I fly to Greece in summer. The plane flies over the Alps. flew Minulý čas I flew to Cuba on my holiday. He flew first class on his business trip.
drink Přítomný čas I drink coffee in the morning. My mother always drinks herb tea before bed. drank Minulý čas I drank too much Cola. He drank a glass of juice.
speak Přítomný čas I speak English and German. He sometimes speaks to me by the phone. spoke Minulý čas I spoke to him last week. The Prime Minister spoke to people in the streets.
see Přítomný čas I see my grandmother twice a week. She sees very well with her new glasses. saw Minulý čas I saw a great film yesterday. They saw it is impossible to do it.
know Přítomný čas I know Dan very well. He knows a lot about motorbikes. knew Minulý čas I knew a lot of people in Paris. They knew what to do.
have – had be – was / were go - went eat – ate make – made come – came write – wrote fly - flew drink – drank speak – spoke see – saw know - knew Přehled – infinitiv / minulý tvar
had • was / were • went • ate • made • came • wrote • flew • drank • spoke • saw • knew pronunciation • Které sloveso nemá změnu samohlásky? • Která slovesa mají v minulém tvaru hlásku [ej] ? • Která slovesa mají v minulém tvaru hlásku [u:] ? • Která slovesa mají v minulém tvaru hlásku [əu]?