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Democracy in Athens. Do Now. Take out your vocabulary sheet and Persian Wars Questions. Democracy in Athens. Cleisthenes created a direct democracy Assembly would either accept or veto laws Only free males over 18 years old could vote (no slaves or women). Cleisthenes. Pericles.

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Presentation Transcript

Do now
Do Now

Take out your vocabulary sheet and Persian Wars Questions.


Democracy in athens1
Democracy in Athens

Cleisthenes created a direct democracy

Assembly would either accept or veto laws

Only free males over 18 years old could vote (no slaves or women)



Pericles
Pericles

Made more democratic reforms

Believed that all citizens, rich and poor, should serve equally in government

Laid a foundation for future democracies



Activity
Activity

Turn to page 321 of your textbook to read about Pericles.


Pericles funeral oration
Pericles’ Funeral Oration

In 431 B.C., Pericles gave a speech, called Pericles’ Funeral Oration, to honor those killed in a war between Athens and Sparta. The speech gives a new view of Athenians as citizens who put aside their own problems for the sake of the city-state. They obeyed laws because they wanted to, and therefore the citizens were part of the democratic system.


Pericles background
Pericles Background

Pericles was related to Cleisthenes. As leader, Pericles oversaw a truce with Sparta in 445 B.C. This time of peace allowed him time to spend public funds on rebuilding Athens. His greatest building project was the Parthenon, which in today’s money cost about $3 billion. The money came in part from tribute paid by members of the Delian League.







Cesar chavez
Cesar Chavez

Cesar Chavez can be compared to Pericles. In the 1960’s, Chavez worked for equal rights and justice for poor farmworkers, many of whom where Mexican American. He formed a group that would become the United Farm Workers of America. This group used nonviolent actions to get higher wages and better working conditions for farmworkers.



Democracy in athens

Direct Democracy

Representative Democracy

  • All citizens make decisions directly about their government

  • Best suited for small populations that are able to meet frequently

  • Example: Athens in 508 B.C.

  • Citizens elect representatives to make decisions for all

  • Best suited for large populations that cannot meet as a whole

  • Example: The United States today


Wrap up
Wrap Up

What is a direct democracy?

What is a representative democracy?

Which one was used in Athens?

Which one works best for the United States? Why?