Geography of the Korean Peninsula • Korea is covered 70% by mountains. Most people live in the west, where they can farm. • Because the country is so close to China, many people took on aspects of the Chinese culture. • Early Koreans probably migrated from Siberia in Paleolithic and Neolithic times.
Korea United • Between 300 and 600 A.D., there were three separate kingdoms in Korea. • In 668, the Shilla Kingdom united Korea. They ruled from 668-918, the Koryo ruled from 918-1392, and the Choson ruled from 1392-1910.
The Shilla Dynasty • Under the Shilla, they became a Chinese tributary state. • It was like the Confucian relationship of older brother, younger brother. • The Koreans took many Confucian and other ideas from the Chinese, but still maintained their independence.
Koryo Dynasty • During the Koryo age, Korea took on many Buddhist ideas. • They wrote many Buddhist texts using movable type. • Also, the emperor emancipated the slaves during this time.
Choson, the Longest Dynasty • The Choson leader, Yi Song-gye, reduced Buddhist influence during this time. • He set up a government based on Confucian ideas. • They developed their own alphabet-the Hangul, which led to an extremely high literacy rate.
Other things to know about Korea • First wave of Chinese influence to reach Korea was the Han Dynasty • The Shilla, Koryo, and Choson dynasties of Korea are the only dynasties in Korea’s history • In the Shilla dynasty there was the emergence of upper-class women playing a public role • The Koryo dynasty gave us celadon-porcelain with a blue glaze. This is still popular today. • In addition to creating the Hangul-the Chosen dynasty was the longest dynasty (1392-1910) and they created “turtle boats”-metal plated…as a result Japanese attacks were stopped in the 1590s and Korea had a new trade to share with the world.
Korea Today • Korean unity lasted almost 1300 years-however it eventually split • North Korea is a communist country and South Korea a democracy • North Korea has close ties with China and South Korea with the U.S.
Assignment • Draw an illustration that expresses the relationship between Korea and China during either the Shilla, Koryo, or Choson dynasty. • Use symbols to show the exchange of ideas. • Be sure to write a 4-5 sentence paragraph explaining your illustration. • Use Ch. 13-Sec. 3 for help.