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Religion and Politics Motivations, Traditions and Milestones. A presentation by Andrea Marquis June 6, 2007. Questions We’ll Answer. How does religion effect motivation to participate in politics? How does this vary by religion? By era in time?

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religion and politics motivations traditions and milestones

Religion and PoliticsMotivations, Traditions and Milestones

A presentation by Andrea Marquis

June 6, 2007

questions we ll answer
Questions We’ll Answer
  • How does religion effect motivation to participate in politics?
  • How does this vary by religion?
  • By era in time?
  • Who have been milestones in involvement in the public office?
  • Government
    • the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.; political administration
  • Politics
    • The art or science of government or governing, especially the governing of a political entity, such as a nation, and the administration and control of its internal and external affairs.
judaism on politics
Judaism on Politics
  • Jewish people and political tradition-3300+ years… from enslaved caste, exiled community, to modern state
  • 1 Samuel 8, Judges 9:7-15 transition, want for King
  • recognition of the Jews as a separate people, not merely a religion or set of moral principles
  • Isaiah 33:17-24 -- “the Lord our judge, the Lord our lawgiver, the Lord our king, he it is who will save us.”
  • how the Jews managed to maintain their polity over centuries of independence, exile and dispersion
judaism continued
Judaism continued..
  • Tradition based on power and justice
  • edah --a coming together -- constituted through the Sinai covenant
  • concern for relationships rather than regimes
  • governors and the governed
  • Embodied in principle of covenant
  • Genesis 17:1-27 “Between you and me I will establish my covenant”
    • binding obligation rests on both parties
judaism continued1
Judaism continued…
  • Jews must assume responsibility for the effort to build the "kingdom of heaven" on earth
  • vital for Jews to rediscover the Jewish political tradition to pursue the Jewish vision & root their institutions
  • Ezekiel 20:1-44 “I will count you with the staff and bring back but a small number”
christianity on politics
Christianity on Politics
  • Emerged from Jewish tradition
  • Romans 13:1-7” “for it is the servant of God for your good. But if you do evil, be afraid, for it does not bear the sword without purpose; it is the servant of God to inflict wrath on the evildoer.”
    • Reigning supreme over human rulers
  • 1 Kings 2:36-46 “ The throne of David shall be established before the Lord forever”
    • Jewish heritage
christianity continued
Christianity Continued
  • service of God and the respect for kings are bound together
    • 1 Peter 2:13-17 “Fear God, honor the king”
  • Bishop Bossuet
    • “Kings should tremble then as they use the power God has granted them”
christianity continued1
Christianity Continued
  • Citizenship
  • As an Israelite, Roman citizen
  • Citizen of heaven
    • Ephesians 2:14-22
    • Philippians 3:17-21
    • “But our citizenship is in heaven”
    • Concern with heavenly vs. worldly affairs
christianity continued2
Christianity Continued
  • Church & State
  • Long tradition of tension in separation
  • political and social movements drawn upon religious institutions for authority, inspiration, organization
islam on politics
Islam on Politics
  • Surah 4:105, 5:44-45
  • 2 people mentioned
    • allatheena aslamoo- judge according to Allah= Muslims
    • Kafiroon- do not judge according to Allah
    • Today, no government which rules, solely according to what Allah has revealed
    • All Governments are of Kafiroon…no Islamic Government that exists on the face of earth today
islam continued
Islam Continued…
  • Al-Hukm-Judgment, Rule, Command
  • Belongs to Allah alone
    • Surah 6:57-62 “Command rests with none but Allah”
  • Although all-powerful, Allah does not change laws
    • Surah 33:59-62
  • Invisible, Muhammad central authority
islam continued1
Islam Continued…
  • Death of Muhammad
  • Division of Sunni and Shi’i Islam
  • Affairs decided mutually
    • Any disagreements refereed to Allah
    • Surah 42:10-15
  • Democratic conflict
    • objective standards and the absolute criteria given in the Qur’an
joe lieberman
Joe Lieberman
  • Four terms on U.S. Senate, 2000 Vice Presidential candidate, won popular vote
  • Orthodox Jew, won’t campaign on Shabbat… Keeps Kosher home
  • Politically: “I agree more often than not with Democrats on domestic policy. I agree more often than not with Republicans on foreign and defense policy”
  • Says there is a “constitutional place for faith in our public life”- controversy
al smith
Al Smith
  • Democratic Presidential Candidate in 1928
  • First Catholic to be nominated
    • Swept Catholic vote
    • Critiques feared he would answer to Pope instead of to U.S. Constitution
  • Long-term voter realignment
  • Changing nature of American Politics
  • Lead to JFK's victory in 1960
keith ellison
Keith Ellison
  • First Muslim in U.S. Congress, Minnesota
  • Raised Roman Catholic, in college converted to Sunni Islam
  • For Muslims, encourages civic empowerment through participation in the political process