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Global Studies & Geography Regents Review. Mr. Bell 2011. Anti-Semitism . Hatred towards Jews. Apartheid. South African government policy calling for separation of races. Appeasement. Policy of giving into the demands of an aggressor in order to keep peace. Aztecs.

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anti semitism
  • Hatred towards Jews
  • South African government policy calling for separation of races
  • Policy of giving into the demands of an aggressor in order to keep peace
  • Native American Tribe located in Central Mexico, defeated by Hernan Cortes
balance of power
Balance of Power
  • Distribution of political and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too powerful
  • Goal of Congress of Vienna following Napoleon’s Reign
  • Members of the 1917 Russian Revolutionary group who overthrew the Czar
boxer rebellion
Boxer Rebellion
  • Event in early 1900’s in which a group known as boxers assaulted foreign communities across china
  • Religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama in India
  • Major Beliefs:
    • Follow the Eight Fold Path to Nirvana
    • Reincarnation
    • To End suffering you must end your desires
      • Four Noble Truths
byzantine empire
Byzantine Empire
  • In 476 AD the Western part of the Roman Empire collapsed, the Eastern part was renamed the Byzantine Empire
caste system
Caste System
  • Social class hierarchy in India
  • 1986, Nuclear Power plant had a complete melt down in Soviet Union (Ukraine)
civil disobedience
Civil Disobedience
  • The refusal to obey an unjust law
  • Made famous by Gandhi in South Africa and India
code of hammurabi
Code of Hammurabi
  • Written code of laws
  • Laws punished those found guilty harshly
    • “ an eye for an eye”
code of justinian
Code of Justinian
  • Emperor Justinian consolidated Roman Law into his own single code of laws for the Byzantine Empire
cold war
Cold War
  • Continuing tensions between the USA and USSR following World War II because of political and economic differences
commercial revolution
Commercial Revolution
  • Change in business in Europe following the middle ages
  • Political policy that governed the USSR and many other nations during the Cold War
  • Father: Karl Marx
  • Characteristics:
    • Dictator
    • Censorship
    • No religion
    • Secret Police
  • Philosophy based on what Confucius saw as the basic order of the universe
    • Filial Piety: respect for your elders
    • Five Relationships
    • Harmony in society
congress of vienna
Congress of Vienna
  • Conference held in 1815 among European diplomats that had the purpose of restoring order and stability to Europe
counter reformation
Counter Reformation
  • Catholic churches response to Martin Luther’s Protestant Reformation
    • Council of Trent
    • Stop the sale of indulgences
    • St Ignatius of Loyola
  • Series of religious wars fought between Christians and Muslims over the holy land
    • Jerusalem
cuban missile crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis
  • In 1962, US president orders naval blockade of Cuba to prohibit the Soviet Union from shipping nuclear missile to island …World was on brink on nuclear war
cuban revolution
Cuban Revolution
  • Fidel Castro toppled Cuban dictator and set up a communist country supported by USSR
cultural revolution
Cultural Revolution
  • Mao’s disastrous attempt to reinvigorate Communism , red guard forced educated people to work on farms, destroyed old culture
  • Destruction of forests, especially tropical rain forest
  • The change from farmable land to deserts
developing nations
Developing Nations
  • Nation with limited resources that faces obstacles in achieving modern industrial economies , referred to sometimes as third world nations
divine right
Divine Right
  • Right to rule given by god
encomienda system
Encomienda System
  • System established by Spanish in America allowing colonists to demand labor or tribute from native Americans.
  • Period in 1700’s when people began to reject traditional ideas
european union
European Union
  • Expansion of the European Community in the 1980’s and 1990’s.
    • European Community- group of nations established in 1957 to expand trade in Europe
  • System of government in which local lords controlled their own lands but owe military service to the king
final solution
Final Solution
  • Hitler’s plan to exterminate all Jews who existed in Europe
french revolution
French Revolution
  • Revolution of poor peasants against the King of France…
  • Because…
    • M- Monarchy weak
    • E- Enlightenment ideas
    • A- American Revolution
    • T- Taxes and third estate
  • Attempt to destroy an entire ethnic or religious group
  • Period of openness between Soviet Union and USA in mid 1980’ by Mikhail Gorbachev
global warming
Global Warming
  • Theory that the earth is heating up because of pollution and the green house effect.
great leap forward
Great Leap Forward
  • Program began by Mao Zedong in China in 1958 to increase agricultural and industrial output
green revolution
Green Revolution
  • Development of new varieties of plants and improved agricultural techniques that resulted in greatly increased crop yields
gulf war
Gulf War
  • War fought in the 1990’s between Iraq and a coalition force led by United States to liberate Kuwait from Iraq
gupta empire
Gupta Empire
  • Golden Age of Indian History
  • Religion founded in India, a polytheistic religion
  • Beliefs:
    • Reincarnation
    • Karma
    • dharma
hiroshima nagasaki
Hiroshima /Nagasaki
  • Cities that atomic bomb was dropped on to end World War II in Pacific
  • Act of genocide by Nazi Germany during World War II
ira irish republic army
(IRA) Irish Republic Army
  • Terrorist organization fighting for an independent Ireland in Northern Ireland
inca empire
Inca Empire
  • Pre Columbian Civilization found in South America, in the area of Peru and Chile. Known for their extensive road system and terrace farming..
indus river valley
Indus River valley
  • One of the first major civilizations of the world, found in India
    • Known for plumbing system
industrial revolution
Industrial Revolution
  • Period in which production of goods changed from hand made tools to using power driven machines
  • Causes:
    • Geography
    • Raw materials
    • Population growth
    • capital to invest
  • Effects
    • Capitalism vs. Socialism
    • New class structure
    • Urbanization
    • Working conditions
    • Improved transportation
  • Uprising of young Palestinians in Israel in the 1980’s
islamic fundamentalism
Islamic Fundamentalism
  • Movement by Muslim reformers who oppose westernization
laissez faire
Laissez faire
  • Policy allowing business to operate without government interference
league of nations
League of Nations
  • Group of more than 40 countries formed after World War I, very weak…
mandate of heaven
Mandate of Heaven
  • Right to rule given by God
    • Chinese
marshall plan
Marshall Plan
  • Plan to help rebuild Europe following World War II
maurya empire
Maurya Empire
  • first united Indian empire
  • Pre-Columbian society in Central America, highly advanced society
meiji restoration
Meiji Restoration
  • Modernization of Japan under the Meiji Emperor
mexican revolution
Mexican Revolution
  • Overthrow of Dictator Porfirio Diaz because of the uneven distribution of wealth in country
  • Effects:
    • Constitution
    • Social reforms
    • Development of economy
middle ages
Middle Ages
  • Time period in history between 500 Ad and 1500 AD; time of great darkness, no education, people lived in fear
  • Group of nomadic horseback men, who controlled the worlds largest empire stretching from China to Constantinople
  • Belief in one god
    • Christianity
    • Judaism
    • Islam
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization – a pact between western nations who pledged to support each other if any member was attacked
  • North American Free Trade Agreement- allows countries in North America to trade with each other freely
new economic policy
New Economic Policy
  • VI Lenin’s economic policy to help fix economic problems in Soviet Union
ninety five theses
Ninety-Five Theses
  • Martin Luther’s 95 arguments against the Catholic Church, led to the Protestant Reformation
  • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries- trade group that sets world oil prices by controlling oil production
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Venezuela
    • Iran
    • Iraq
    • Kuwait
open door policy
Open Door policy
  • When the United States forced the opening of trade with Japan in the late 1800’s
  • Palestinian Liberation Organization- wants a home state for the Palestinians ‘
    • Used terrorists acts in order to prove point and raise attention to issue.
pan arabism
  • Movement emphasizing the unity for all Arab people
  • Restructuring of Soviet government under Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980’s
qu ran
  • Holy book of Islam
  • Martin Luther's movement protesting the teachings of the catholic church
  • Period of rebirth in education throughout Europe in the 1600’s
  • Attempt by Russia to make all groups of people under Russian rule to think , act and believe as Russians
scientific revolution
Scientific Revolution
  • Period in the 1500’s and 1600’s in which scientists challenged traditional ideas and relied on observation and experimentation
  • In Japanese Feudal society military commander whom held real power
social darwinism
Social Darwinism
  • Justification for the White Europeans to imperialize Africa, because the white race was the fittest to survive
tang song dynasty
Tang & Song Dynasty
  • Golden age of Chinese history, invented many great things we still use today
    • Gunpowder
tiananmen square protests
Tiananmen Square Protests
  • Student protests for a pro democracy government in China (1989), led to government crack down on protesters
trans atlantic slave trade
Trans Atlantic slave trade
  • The slave trade that took place between Africa and the Americas in the 16 and 1700’s
treaty of versailles
Treaty of Versailles
  • Treaty that was signed at the end of the Great War
    • Leads to WWII
    • Creates League of Nations
    • Punishes Germany for war
truman doctrine
Truman Doctrine
  • Economic and military program of United States designed to help other countries resist Soviet aggression
    • Idea of containment
warsaw pact
Warsaw Pact
  • Defensive alliance among soviet union and its satellite promising mutual military cooperation
young turks
Young Turks
  • Movement established by Turks in the late 1800’s to reform ottoman empire
    • Mustafa Kemal – westernize Ottoman Empire
  • In Africa, when you have greater allegiances to your tribe than your nation