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  1. CertificatesofAirworthiness Peter Corbeel Rulemaking Directorate Certificates of Airworthiness

  2. Certificate of Airworthiness (CoA) Overview: • Introduction / General • Issue of CoA for new aircraft from EU • Transfer of used aircraft within EU • Import of aircraft from non-EU countries • New • Used Certificates of Airworthiness

  3. CoA Introduction Principles: • Issuance and continued validity covered by Part-21 Subparts H in Section A and B + Forms 25 and 15 • CoA when conforming to (EASA) TC • Unlimited duration; validity controlled through Airworthiness Review Certificate • Easy transfer within EU (EU Treaty) • Export covered by bilaterals only • Bilaterals can override Part-21 Certificates of Airworthiness

  4. CoA Introduction Problems: • Subpart H has no AMC/GM (except for Section B) • No “escape” clause for special cases (except article 14) • Bilaterals not always clear on what can be accepted Certificates of Airworthiness

  5. CoA General EASA Form 25: CoA • Dimensions: DIN A5 • Block 2 manufacturer and designation of aircraft: in accordance with EASA TC • Block 4: Categories: see letter to NAAs (to become GM) • Block 5, Limitations/remark: information coming from Agency TC • English translation Certificates of Airworthiness

  6. CoA General Grandfathering/transition • CoA issued by NAA before 28-09-03 were deemed to be issued in accordance with Part-21 • NAAs could issue CoA of limited duration till 28-09-08 Certificates of Airworthiness

  7. CoA General Continued validity: • 21A.181 • Compliance with type design and continuing airworthiness requirements • TC still valid • 21B.330 • NAA shall suspend/revoke if conditions of 21A.181 are not met Certificates of Airworthiness

  8. CoA for new aircraft from within EU Certificates of Airworthiness

  9. CoA for new aircraft from EU Applicable rules: • 21A.174(a), (b)2 and (c) Application • 21A.175 Language • 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA, but also 21A.163(b) POA privileges • 21B.320 Investigation • 21B.325(a) and (b) Issue of CoA • 21B.345 Record keeping Certificates of Airworthiness

  10. CoA for new aircraft from EU Application • Application form (established by NAA) • Statement of Conformity: Form 52 • Weight & balance report + loading schedule • Flight Manual No other documents can be required Certificates of Airworthiness

  11. CoA for new aircraft from EU 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA • (i) Check application documents • (ii): • conformity and condition for safe operation: covered by Statement of Conformity • possible inspection? Respect 21A.163(b): only aircraft and available documents: • Statement of Conformity: Form 52 • Weight & balance report + loading schedule • Flight Manual Certificates of Airworthiness

  12. CoA for new aircraft from EU 21B.325 Issue of CoA • NAA shall issue CoA if conditions of Section A Subpart H are met • NAA shall also issue initial Airworthiness Review Certificate (Form 15a) Certificates of Airworthiness

  13. CoA for used aircraft from within EU Certificates of Airworthiness

  14. CoA for used aircraft from EU Applicable rules: • 21A.174(a) and (b)3. Application • 21A.175 Language • 21A.179(a)2. Transferability • 21B.320 Investigation • 21B.325(a) Issue of CoA • 21B.345 Record keeping Certificates of Airworthiness

  15. CoA for used aircraft from EU Application • Application form (established by NAA) • Valid ARC (can also be one which is issued in accordance with Part -21) Before issuance • CoA from other NAA • 21A.175 is complied with • No other documents can be required Certificates of Airworthiness

  16. CoA for used aircraft from EU • Article 10.5 exemptions: Until Part M is fully applicable CoA of limited duration is considered equivalent to COA of limited duration + ARC • 21A.183 not applicable • Old ARC remains valid but needs to be amended to list the new registration • Except national ARCs: see next slide (FKN) • Transfer of unairworthy aircraft is possible Certificates of Airworthiness

  17. Transfer of aircraft between Member States • Once the ARC has been issued after importation from a third country, the new operator shall comply with Part-M, in particular with M.A.305. The aircraft shall freely circulate within the EU Member States in accordance with M.A.903. • One exception: • Aircraft having a national ARC as follows: • For aircraft involved in commercial air transport, a national ARC issued prior to 28 September 2008 (will be valid until 28 September 2009 or until expiration, whichever comes first). • For aircraft not involved in commercial air transport, a national ARC issued following the new article 3.4 contained in Regulation 1056/2008. Certificates of Airworthiness

  18. CoA for new aircraft from outside EU Certificates of Airworthiness

  19. CoA for new aircraft from outside EU Applicable rules: • 21A.174(a), (b)2 and (c) Application • 21A.175 Language • 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA, but taking into account bilateral agreements • 21B.320 Investigation • 21B.325(a) and (b) Issue of CoA • 21B.345 Record keeping Certificates of Airworthiness

  20. CoA for new aircraft from outside EU Application • Application form (established by NAA) • Statement by exporting Authority that aircraft conforms to EASA TC • Weight & balance report + loading schedule • Flight Manual Certificates of Airworthiness

  21. CoA for new aircraft from outside EU 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA • (i) Check application documents • (ii) conformity and condition for safe operation; possible inspection taking into account the applicable bilateral agreement • Next slide: 2042/2003 (FKN) Certificates of Airworthiness

  22. CoA for new aircraft from outside EU According to Regulation 2042/2003 as amended by Regulation 1056/2008 of 27 October 2008, an airworthiness review is not required for new aircraft imported from a third country (M.A.904(a)2). Certificates of Airworthiness

  23. CoA for new aircraft from outside EU 21B.325 Issue of CoA • NAA shall issue CoA if conditions of Section A Subpart H are met • NAA shall also issue initial Airworthiness Review Certificate (Form 15a) Certificates of Airworthiness

  24. CoA for used aircraft from outside EU Certificates of Airworthiness

  25. CoA for used aircraft from outside EU Applicable rules: • 21A.174(a), (b)3 and (c) Application • 21A.175 Language • 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA, but taking into account bilateral agreements • 21B.320 Investigation • 21B.325(a) and (b) Issue of CoA • 21B.345 Record keeping Certificates of Airworthiness

  26. CoA for used aircraft from outside EU Application • Application form (established by NAA) • Statement by exporting Authority regarding airworthiness status of aircraft • Weight & balance report + loading schedule • Flight Manual • Historical records • Recommendation for issuance of CoA after airworthiness review Certificates of Airworthiness

  27. CoA for used aircraft from outside EU • Statement by exporting Authority regarding airworthiness status of aircraft is a must • Can be export CoA • Can also be recent CoA • However: Danish article 14.6 (10.5) exemption: • Approved by Commission 21.06.2006 • Alternative to statement by exporting authority: TC holder certifies that aircraft is in compliance with TC, endorsed by State of Design Certificates of Airworthiness

  28. CoA for used aircraft from outside EU • Historical records: • Production standard: initial CoA or export CoA • Modification standard: changes, STCs and repairs incorporated • Maintenance standard: see presentation by Frederic Knecht (after this slide) • However: Danish article 14.6 (10.5) exemption: • Missing history regarding maintenance can be compensated by maintenance bridging check Certificates of Airworthiness

  29. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305 • CURRENT REQUIREMENTS: • M.A.305(b): The aircraft continuing airworthiness record system shall contain: • Aircraft log book. • Engine log book(s) or engine module log cards. • Propeller log book(s). • Log cards for service life limited components. • Operator’s technical log. • Service life limited component: This covers not only those components with a life limit but also those with a maintenance schedule. Certificates of Airworthiness

  30. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305 • CURRENT REQUIREMENTS: • M.A.305(c): The aircraft log book shall contain: • Aircraft type and registration mark. • Dates, flight time, flight cycles, landings. Certificates of Airworthiness

  31. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305 • CURRENT REQUIREMENTS: • M.A.305(d): The aircraft continuing airworthiness record system shall contain the current: • Status of ADs and other safety measures. • Status of modifications and repairs. • Status of compliance with the maintenance programme. • Status of service life limited components. • Mass and balance report. • List of deferred maintenance. Certificates of Airworthiness

  32. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305 • Currently, M.A.305(e) contains the records and information required for any installed component. • However, Opinion 06/2005 (still pending Commission approval) proposed to limit these requirements to engines, propellers, engine modules and service life limited components. Certificates of Airworthiness

  33. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305 • M.A.305(e) as amended by Opinion 06/2005 requires the following documents and information: • EASA Form 1 or equivalent. • Identification of the component. • The type, serial number and registration, as appropriate, of the aircraft, engine, propeller, engine module or service life limited component to which the particular component has been fitted, along with the reference to the removal and installation of the component. • The date together with the particular component accumulated total flight time and/or flight cycles and/or calendar time, as appropriate. • The information contained in M.A.305(d). Certificates of Airworthiness

  34. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305 • M.A.305(h) as amended by Opinion 06/2005 requires the following records to be kept during the following periods: • All detailed maintenance records in respect of the aircraft and any service life limited component fitted thereto, at least 24 months after the aircraft or component was permanently withdrawn from service. Until such time as the information contained therein is superseded by new information equivalent in scope and detail but not less than 24 months after the aircraft or component has been released to service. Certificates of Airworthiness

  35. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305 • M.A.305(h).... • The total time in service (hours, calendar time, cycles and landings) and flight cycles as appropriate of the aircraft and all life limited components, at least 12 months after the aircraft or component has been permanently withdrawn from service. • The time and flight cycles as appropriate , since last scheduled maintenance of the component subjected to a service life limit, at least until the component scheduled maintenance has been superseded by another scheduled maintenance of equivalent work scope and detail. Certificates of Airworthiness

  36. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305 • M.A.305(h).... • The current status of compliance with the maintenance programme such that compliance with the approved aircraft maintenance programme can be established, at least until the aircraft or component scheduled maintenance has been superseded by other scheduled maintenance of equivalent work scope and detail. • The current status of ADs applicable to the aircraft and components, at least 12 months after the aircraft or component has been permanently withdrawn from service. • Details of current modifications and repairs of the aircraft, engine(s), propeller(s) and any other component vital to flight safety, at least 12 months after they have been permanently withdrawn from service. Certificates of Airworthiness

  37. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305 • KEY POINTS EXTRACTED FROM M.A.305 (as modified by Opinion 06/2005): • The EASA Form 1 or equivalent must be retained as part of the aircraft continuing airworthiness records only for engines, propellers, engine modules and service life limited components. • This must be retained by the operator until the maintenance action has been superseded by a new action equivalent in scope and detail, but not less than 24 months since the maintenance action was released. • NOTE: This requirement is different and independent from the one contained in 145.A.55, where the maintenance organisation shall retain during 2 years since the release to service all detailed maintenance records of the aircraft or any component. Certificates of Airworthiness

  38. Import of a used aircraft from a third country • The M.A.305 requirements described before are only applicable to aircraft contained in Article 1 of 2042/2003, that is: • Aircraft registered in a Member State, or • Aircraft registered in a third country and used by an operator for which a Member State ensures oversight of operations. • As a consequence, they are not applicable to the previous life of an aircraft being imported into the EU (as long as it was not used by an EU operator). This means that: • An EASA Form 1 or equivalent can not be expected for the installed components. • Other releases to service or serviceable tags may be acceptable to the importing competent authority, depending on possible bilateral arrangements with the exporting country. • Missing information will be subject to a bridging programme, proposed by the CAMO issuing the recommendation and agreed by the authority (may include re-certification of components). Certificates of Airworthiness

  39. Import of a used aircraft from a third country The position of the Agency is that these records should only be requested for engines, propellers and service life limited components, not being required for on-condition components. Certificates of Airworthiness

  40. CoA for used aircraft from outside EU Aircraft can be in unairworthy condition at time of export • Need to be addressed on statement by exporting authority • Statement to include exception(s) or waiver(s) • Recommendation for issuance of CoA can only be made when aircraft is airworthy Certificates of Airworthiness

  41. CoA for used aircraft from outside EU 21A.183.2 Issue of CoA • (i) • application documents shall confirm that aircraft conforms to TC, STC approved repairs and applicable ADs • Inspected in accordance with Part M • (ii) conformity and condition for safe operation; possible inspection taking into account the applicable bilateral agreement Certificates of Airworthiness

  42. CoA for used aircraft from outside EU 21B.325 Issue of CoA • NAA shall issue CoA if conditions of Section A Subpart H are met • NAA shall also issue initial Airworthiness Review Certificate (Form 15a) Certificates of Airworthiness

  43. END Certificates of Airworthiness