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The Information Professional’s Role in Product Safety. Jack Leitmeyer Director, Adverse Experience Information Management Worldwide Product Safety Merck & Co., Inc. Agenda. Importance of Safety Surveillance Regulatory Requirements

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the information professional s role in product safety

The Information Professional’s Role in Product Safety

Jack Leitmeyer

Director, Adverse Experience Information Management

Worldwide Product Safety

Merck & Co., Inc.

agenda
Agenda
  • Importance of Safety Surveillance
  • Regulatory Requirements
  • Role of the Adverse Experience (AE) Information Professional
  • Future Opportunities
importance of safety surveillance
Importance of Safety Surveillance
  • Compliance with Government Laws and Regulations
  • Timely and Accurate Monitoring of the Safety Profile of Products
  • Limitation of human data in clinical trials
    • Small study populations
    • Restricted enrollment
    • Limited long term safety data
  • Widespread use of the product in the post-marketing environment
  • Benefit–risk safety profile changes over time
adverse experience reporting to fda
Adverse Experience Reporting to FDA

Pre-Approval - To IND

  • 7 calendar day reports (telephone or facsimile)
    • Unexpected fatal or life-threatening experience associated with the use of the drug
  • 15 calendar day reports to IND
    • From All Studies Worldwide (Serious, Drug-Related and Unexpected)
    • Findings from tests in laboratory animals suggesting a significant risk to humans (mutagenicity, teratogenicity, carcinogenicity)
    • Spontaneous Reports from Marketing Outside the U.S. (Serious and Unexpected)
    • Reports in the scientific literature including unpublished manuscripts (Serious and Unexpected)
    • Reports from foreign regulatory authorities (Serious and Unexpected)
  • Annual IND reports
    • From Studies Worldwide (Serious)
adverse experience reporting to fda1
Adverse Experience Reporting to FDA

Post-Approval - To IND

  • 15 calendar day reports to IND
    • From IND Studies (Serious, Drug-Related and Unexpected)
  • Annual IND Report
    • From IND Studies (Serious)

Post-Approval - To NDA

  • 15 calendar day reports to NDA
    • From All Studies Worldwide (Serious, Drug-Related

and Unexpected)

  • Spontaneous Reports Worldwide (Serious and Unexpected)
  • Periodic Reports to NDA
failure to report
Failure to Report

Pre-Approval - Termination of IND

21 CFR 312.44

Phase 1, 2 or 3

(b)(1)(vii) “The sponsor fails promptly to investigate and inform the Food and Drug Administration and all investigators of serious and unexpected adverse experiences in accordance with part 312 section 32 or fails to make any other report required under this part.”

failure to report1
Failure to Report

Post-Approval- Withdrawal of NDA

21 CFR 314.80 (K)

“If an applicant fails to establish and maintain records and make reports required under this section FDA may withdraw approval of the application and, thus, prohibit continued marketing of the drug product that is the subject of the application.”

business impact
Business Impact
  • Product
    • Monetary Loss
  • People
    • Penalties per Violation (Section 303 FD&C Act)
    • Fines and/or Jail
ae information management
AE Information Management

Call Center

Reports / Queries

Data Mining Applications

Regulatory Submission database

Clinical (MedDRA) / Drug Dictionaries

Investigator Portal

AE database

Clinical Risk Mgt.

Clinical Trial data

Regulatory Agencies

Imaging System

Business Partners

Product Labeling

Clinical Literature

role of the ae information professional
Role of the AE Information Professional
  • Helpful Experience:
    • Clinical terminology
    • Worldwide safety regulations
    • Technology
    • Six Sigma Methodology
role of the ae information professional1
Role of the AE Information Professional
  • Safety Database Oversight
  • Reference Data Management
  • Document Management
  • Dictionary Management
  • Queries / Reports
  • Quality Control
role of the ae information professional2
Role of the AE Information Professional
  • Safety Database Oversight
    • Information moving electronically between business partners and regulatory agencies
    • Managing large datasets (over a million episodes)
    • Mapping data fields across systems
    • What data are required by safety department and regulatory agencies
    • Algorithms for information flow
      • Routing algorithms for data entry
      • Routing to countries / agencies / business partners
      • Rules for reportability
role of the ae information professional3
Role of the AE Information Professional
  • Safety Database Oversight – ICH E2B
    • ICH = International Conference on Harmonization
    • ICH E2B - Standardized essential data elements for electronic transmission of individual case safety reports:
      • Patient characteristics
      • Reactions/Events
      • Results of tests and procedures relevant to investigation of patient
      • Drug(s) Information (e.g., status, generic, tradename, marketing authorization number)
      • Narrative Case Summary (e.g., case summary, sender’s opinion of overall diagnosis/syndrome or reclassification of reporter terms)
role of the ae information professional4
Role of the AE Information Professional
  • Reference Data Management
    • Clinical Trial protocol and site numbers
    • Allocation schedules
    • Drug formulations
    • Routes of administration
    • Country Lists
    • NDA / IND numbers
    • Journal Titles
    • etc.
role of the ae information professional5
Role of the AE Information Professional
  • Document Management
    • Record Retention Policy
    • “Official” Files – paper / electronic records
    • Patient Privacy
    • Access to shared procedures
    • Access to training material
role of the ae information professional6
Role of the AE Information Professional
  • Dictionary Management
    • Medical Dictionary for Drug Regulatory Activities (MedDRA*)
      • Company procedures related to global standard dictionary
      • Feedback to MedDRA Maintenance and Support Services Organization (MSSO)
      • Participation in Industry User Group
    • Drug Dictionary

*

MedDRA® is a registered trademark of the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA).

role of the ae information professional7
Role of the AE Information Professional
  • Queries / Reports
    • Provide output for monitoring product safety and responding to safety questions.
    • Ensure proper validation and testing (21 CFR Part 11)
    • Information Specialist can provide input on:
      • What data fields are available ?
      • Search all versions, latest versions, or latest completed versions?
      • Have the data values changed over time as regulations, procedures, and databases have changed ?
      • What MedDRA terms / term groupings should be used to query the database ?
      • What is the best format for the output?
      • What is correct skill set required for writing and executing database queries?
role of the ae information professional8
Role of the AE Information Professional
  • Quality Control
    • Data Entry sampling
    • Coding Review
    • Electronic submission tracking
    • Compliance monitoring
future opportunities
Future Opportunities
  • Evolving Regulations
  • Global Harmonization
  • Electronic Transfer of Data
  • Links to External Databases
  • Data Mining