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Welcome Session 7 Physical/Mobility/Multiple Other
Congenital- born with physical difficulties or developing soon after birth Acquired- Those developed through injury or disease Types of Physical Disabilities The age at which a condition develops often determines its impact.
Condition Traumatic brain injury (TBI) Spinal-cord injury Cerebral palsy Epilepsy Neural tube defects Muscular dystrophy (MD) Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) Cystic fibrosis Prevalence in U.S. 95 per 100,000 40 per 1,000,000 500,000; approx 5,000 new cases each year 2.3 million Spina bifida- approx 1 of every 1,000 children. 50,000-250,000 diagnosed annually Approx. 300,000 children Approx 30,000 Commonly Occurring Physical impairments
Technologies useful for students with physical disabilities Architectural access • automatic doors with pressure plates • Wide hallways • Handrails in bathroom • Lower drinking fountains, with push lever rather than buttons • Ramps • Lowered and or adapted switches for lights and other devices • Robotic tools for hard to reach places
Mobility Wheelchairs Walkers Canes Communication Augmentative and alternative communication devices Book holders Telephone adaptations Text-to-speech devices Screen readers Computer Access Joysticks Handheld computers Specialized keyboards and keypads Keyguards Touch screen monitors Mouth-or foot controlled switches Voice activated systems Accessible websites Technologies useful for students with physical disabilities cont.
DataPhysical-Multiple-Mobility 25 Million Affected