Religion Mesopotamia Geography Government Archaeology Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Final Jeopardy
$100 Question Geography Merchants traveled in ___________ across the desert because it was the safest way to travel with many people.
$100 Answer from Geography Caravans
$200 Question from Geography Near what two river systems did Mesopotamia develop?
$200 Answer from Geography The Tigris and Euphrates
$300 Question from Geography What part of the Fertile Crescent did Sumer develop?
$300 Answer from Geography The southern part of the Fertile Crescent
$400 Question from Geography What region of the world was Mesopotamia located?
$400 Answer from Geography The Middle East
$500 Question from Geography Mesopotamia was mostly in modern day ___________________.
$100 Question from Archaeology • The first known settlement in southern Mesopotamian is known as the _______ culture. • What artifacts would archeologist find left by this culture?
$100 Answer from Archaeology Painted Pottery and Farming Tools
$200 Question from Archaeology Archeologist have found clay tablets with the first written language written is symbols called ___________________.
$200 Answer from Archaeology Cuneiform
$300 Question from Archaeology • What invention are Sumerians best known for?
$300 Answer from Archaeology Writing
$400 Question from Archaeology • What was the most important thing archeologists found at the • Royal Cemetery of Ur?
$400 Answer from Archaeology 4,500 year old Sumerian tombs In the 1800 graves he discovered, there were 16 tombs that had very special and valuable objects in them, he called them 'Royal tombs'. Standard of Ur
$500 Question from Archaeology Explain how River Valleys supported permanent settlements, and in time, early civilizations.
$500 Answer from Archaeology The single, decisive factor that made it possible for mankind to settle in permanent communities was agriculture. After farming was developed in the Middle East in about 6500 BC, people living in tribes or family units did not have to be on the move continually searching for food or herding their animals. Once people could control the production of food and be assured of a reliable annual supply of it, their lives changed completely. People began to found permanent communities in fertile river valleys. Settlers learned to use the water supply to irrigate the land. Being settled in one place made it possible to domesticate animals in order to provide other sources of food and clothing. Farming was a revolutionary discovery. It not only made settlements possible--and ultimately the building of cities--but it also made available a reliable food supply. With more food available, more people could be fed. Populations therefore increased. The growing number of people available for more kinds of work led to the development of more complex social structures. With a food surplus, a community could support a variety of workers who were not farmers. Farming the world over has always relied upon a dependable water supply. For the earliest societies this meant rivers and streams or regular rainfall. The first great civilizations grew up along rivers.
$100 Question from Government • Economic surpluses allowed cities such as • Sumer to develop into centers of culture and power under a single government known as __________.
$100 Answer from Government City-states
$200 Question from Government • This emperor is remembered for organizing the laws of the land. He came up with one collection of laws known as what?
$200 Answer from Government The Code of Hammurabi
$300 Question from Government How did governments pay for wars?
$300 Answer from Government Taxes and by claiming peoples property
$400 Question from Government How many laws were there in Hammurabi’s Code?
$500 Question from Government What matters did Hammurabi’s laws deal with?
$500 Answer from Government They covered such matters as: *Family Relationships *Taxes *Land *Business Deals *Trade *Loans *Debts *Wages *Crime
$100 Question from Religion • Gods are also known as • _________________.
$100 Answer from Religion Deities
$200 Question from Religion • Sumerians practiced ___________, • the belief in many gods.
$200 Answer from Religion Polytheism
$300 Question from Religion • Below the king, __________ were the most important people in Sumerian society.
$300 Answer from Religion Priest
$400 Question from Religion • The tall brick temple in each Sumerian • City-state is called a _________.
$400 Answer from Religion Ziggurat
$500 Question from Religion What does the Mesopotamian social structure tell us about religion?
$500 Answer from Religion The priest are at the top of the social structure so we can infer that religion was very important to the Mesopotamians.
$100 Question from Mesopotamia • Who conquered the Sumerians?
$100 Answer from Mesopotamia Sargon The Great
$200 Question from Mesopotamia What Empire did Sargon Rule?
$200 Answer from Mesopotamia The Akkadian Empire
$300 Question from Mesopotamia The second Empire to conquer Mesopotamia was the ________ Empire.
$300 Answer from Mesopotamia The Babylonian Empire
$400 Question from Mesopotamia Who was the famous emperor who ruled the Babylonian Empire?
$400 Answer from Mesopotamia Hammurabi