Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
MODULE III THE WELFARE STATE READINGS PART I, 2-3; V 6/6 – 12. SESSION 3: THE WELFARE STATE (WS). The totality of social welfare programs in a given national setting. Most elaborate in the most advanced countries---W. Europe, N.A., and Australia/New Zealand.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
THE WELFARE STATE
PART I, 2-3; V
6/6 – 12
“I’m often asked if I’m a liberal, and I say, ‘Well, if Jack Kennedy was a liberal or… Franklin Roosevelt was a liberal, then I’m a liberal.’ This is not 1960, and it’s not 1932. We’re in a completely different world than then. But I believe in opportunity, and I believe in…fairness. The only way this country prospers is if everybody is sharing in the prosperity. I think my party has uniquely stood for that…,where government can be an active partner with the private sector in moving the country forward….”
US HOUSE OF REPRESENATIVES.
“THE CENTRAL QUESTION…IS WHETHER AND UNDER WHAT CIRCUMSTANCES THE CLASS DIVISIONS AND SOCIAL INEQUALITIES PRODUCED BY CAPITALISM CAN BE UNDONE BY [LEGISLATIVE] DEMOCRACY.”
RADICAL WELFARE STATE ANALYST
“MY CONCLUSION IS …[THAT] IN ADDITION TO ITS STRONG MORAL BASE IN PERSONAL FREEDOM, CAPITALISM AND COMPETITIVE MARKETS WORK TO DELIVER SUBSTANTIAL ECONOMIC PROGRESS;…BUREAUCRATIC WELFARE STATE[S] DO NOT WORK. THEY SAP INDIVIDUAL INCENTIVE, INITIATIVE AND CREATIVITY AND ULTIMATELY CANNOT DELIVER SUFFICIENTLY RISING STANDARDS OF LIVING TO MEET THE EXPECTATIONS OF THEIR CITIZENS….”
CHAIRMAN OF THE COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS DURING THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION
CLICK HERE FOR
This 4 minute discussion features professors Samuel Bowles and Milton Friedman, respectively, leading social democratic and conservative welfare state analysts. Although fragmentary the segment is worth watching for discussion of the so-called “Third Way,” which is the name often given to the Swedish WS experiment, and intended to distinguish it from the US and Soviet communist models.
Which of the just reviewed perspective makes the
most sense to you? (Doing the readings may help you
make up your mind!)
Unemployment insurance (ui)
Education through h.s
Limited maternity leave
Extended ui and job retraining
Health care for all
Generous maternity leave
Pensions for all
Public child care
Extensive recreation facilitiesMainstream US & SWEDEN (2) Social Democratic
THE “MARKET FIRST” BIAS IS THE KEY TO UNDERSTANDING SPECIFIC COMPONENTS OF THE AMERICAN WS.
THE KEY U.S. INSTITUTION, WITH WS
PROGRAMS ESSENTIALLY SUBSIDIARY TO AND
SUPPORTIVE OF IT. PREVAILING ASSUMPTION IS THAT
VIRTUALLY EVERY NEED CAN AND SHOULD BE MET THROUGH THE
MARKET SYSTEM, EXCEPT AS NOTED BELOW.
ENACTED BECAUSE OF “MARKET FAILURE,”
I.E., INABILITY OF MARKET TO PROVIDE
FOR BASIC NEEDS IN CERTAIN SITUATIONS
ASSISTANCE TO INDIVIDUALS
IF DEEMED “DESERVING” DUE TO
TEMPORARY OR PERMANENT
INABILITY TO COMPETE IN JOB MARKETS.
as the preeminent American institution, the market is constantly encroaching, in various ways, on ws programs. Thus:
Common Policy Objective
Creation of a what Swedes call a “people’s home:”
humane, egalitarian, yet also economically dynamic
ALL ELEMENTS INTHE SWEDISH MODEL ARE DESIGNED TO
BALANCE AND REINFORCE ONE ANOTHER
Lack of a politically significant radical political movement, and the consequent backwardness of the American welfare state, are often cited as proof that the U.S. is an “exceptional” country---not necessarily in a positive sense (although most mainstreamers certainly see it that way), but in its stark divergence from the European pattern of relatively generous and extensive WS benefits. The following American traits are also sometimes cited as further manifestations of our “exceptionality:”
fear of and resistance to taxes and government
There is no single mainstream interpretation of “exceptionalism,” but there are certain common themes that mainstreamers have identified over the years. As one would expect, these tend to emphasize ideas and institutions, rather than social class relations. Following are several of these explanations:
Radicals have sometimes seemed near – obsessed with the “exceptionalism” question, perhaps because their failure to achieve a significant role in American life has indeed been a defining feature of “exceptionalism.” Here, then, are some radical interpretations:
As we have seen, both radicals and mainstreamers lay stress on individualism as a deep – seated American trait at odds with the collectivist logic of the WS. Yet here the similarity ends. Whereas radicals view individualism as an essentially negative factor, obstructing the unity needed to promote a more egalitarian society, conservatives regard individualism as the central defining element in American life---the thing that made this country great.
go of me!
Continuation of current trends resulting in creation of a globally integrated “consumer culture,” which replaces virtually all local cultures
Formal retention of state sovereignty and political democracy as a façade for corporate power.
Growing resistance to current trends based on the following possible factors:
possible collapse of the world economy
increased worker immiseration
environmental collapseALTERNATIVE GLOBAL FUTURES
WHAT KIND OF WS WORKS BEST
FOR SOCIETY? FOR THE
SHOUD QUESTIONS OF SOCIAL
JUSTICE BE DECIDED BY THE
MARKET OR BY LEGISLATIVE
BODIES, LIKE CONGRESS?
IS GLOBALIZATION THE KEY TO
PROGRESS, AS CONSERVATIVES
CLAIM, OR IS IT IN FACT THE
SOCIAL DISASTER, AS