The Black Church. A Refuge in a Hostile World. African Past. Black Church(es). Western Christianity. filter. Black Sacred Cosmos. W.E.B. Dubois – “The Negro church was born in the African forest.”. African Survival a means to:.
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A Refuge in a Hostile World
Free African Society – Richard Allen & Absalom Jones
Mother Bethel AME – Phil. Richard Allen
AMEZ in NY – Peter Williams & Francis Jacobs
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (London)
Quakers & Anglicans
1st Quasi-Independent Church
Siverbluff, SC – George Liele
1st Africans arrive in Jamestown as Indentured Servants
2/3 Baptists, 1/3 Methodists
Urbanization & Migration to Northern cities (secularization, social differentiation & storefronts)
Freedman begin churches, educ. Inst. & foreign missions for political & social good
Post WWII Black middle class develops
Black Power & Black Protest
Complete Split b/w most Black & White Baptists & Methodists
Invisible now Visible, Institutionalized & Structured
First Black Pentecostal Movement
Spread of Black Pentecostal to LA – Azuza Street
Decline of population in the South (77% in 1890, 72% in 1900, and by 1910 66% of all African Americans lived in the South; by 1975, 75% of all African Americans lived in the North). Today, a steady movement back to the South.
“The norm of all God talk which seeks to be Black talk is the manifestation of Jesus as the Black Christ who provides the necessary soul for Black liberation.”