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The Revolution Begins. Main Idea Problems in French society led to a revolution, the formation of a new government, and the end of the monarchy. Objectives: Students will explore the causes of the French Revolution. Students will identify the first events of the French Revolution.
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Problems in French society led to a revolution, the formation of a new government, and the end of the monarchy.
Long-standing resentments against the monarchy
The Three Estates
Varied widely in what they contributed in terms of work and taxes
A Financial Crisis
By 1789, no group happy
Estates General meets
Storming of the Bastille
Great Fear spread
On the morning of 20 June, the deputies were shocked to discover that the chamber door was locked and guarded by soldiers. Immediately fearing the worst, and anxious that a royal attack by King Louis XVI was imminent, the deputies congregated in a nearby indoor tennis court where they took a solemn collective oath "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established".
Restrictions on Power
Creating a New Nation
End of Monarchy
Formation of a New Government
In 1791, the Legislative Assembly is formed. Citizens gained broad voting rights, but rights were not universal. Constitution restricted power of king and ended distinctions of birth. King and queen feared they would be harmed.
French revolutionary troops won the Battle of Valmy. New French republic held ground against Europe’s Old Order.
A Radical Government
In 1792, the radical representatives were in charge of the National Convention. The constitutional monarchy came to a violent end, and France became a republic.
"Terror is nothing other than justice, prompt, severe, inflexible"
An engraving of Robespierre guillotining the executioner after having guillotined everyone else in France
La Guillotine en 1793 by H. Fleischmann (1908), page 269 Google BooksInternet Archive copy
After the Terror
No Escape from the Terror