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November Vocabulary. Priya Varma. Adversary (noun). -an opponent or enemy. The little Shih-Tzu was the teddy bear’s adversary in a heated battle of chess, in which they played against each other. Synonyms- enemy

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adversary noun
Adversary (noun)

-an opponent or enemy

The little Shih-Tzu was the teddy bear’s adversary in a heated battle of chess, in which they played against each other.

Synonyms- enemy

Antonyms- friend

aplomb noun

-self-confident in a difficult situation

Franklin, the teddy bear, was so aplomb during his dance tryouts; he didn’t once mess up any of his dance steps.

Synonyms- poise

Antonyms- gaucheness

apprehensive adjective

- Anxious or fearful; uneasy

Franklin was apprehensive about what grade he got on his English test; he started furiously sweating.

Synonyms- alarmed

Antonyms- at ease, calm

fragrance noun

-a sweet or pleasant odor;

a scent

Snuggle, the laundry detergent teddy bear, always has a pleasing fragrance to him that makes everybody like him.


Antonyms- stench, stink

furtive adjective

-sneaky; acting in a way so as not to be notices

The furtive teddy bear was creeping around the side of the house trying not to be caught while playing hide and seek.

Synonyms- creepy, hidden

Antonyms- open, honest

grueling adjective

-physically or mentally exhausting; very hard to do

As Franklin, the teddy bear, ran across the finish line of the marathon, he thought that the grueling workout was more of a punishment.

Synonyms- punishing

Antonyms- easy

potential noun
Potential (noun)

-ability to grow, develop, or improve; possibility

The teddy bear has potential to get a scholarship to any culinary school of his choice.

Synonyms- budding

Antonyms- helpless, unpromising

precipice adjective

-very steep overhanging rock; edge of a cliff

Franklin’s class was taking a trip to the Himalaya Mountains,; he then decided to go stand at the edge of a precipice, but was quickly scolded by his teacher to back away because he might fall off.

Synonyms- cliff, steep

Antonyms- incline, rise

pristine adjective

-in a pure or unspoiled state; untouched

After Franklin was washed in the washing machine he seemed pristine, all clean and fresh.

Synonyms- natural, wholesome

Antonyms- dingy, dilapitated

apparition noun

-an unusual or unexpected sight

While the teddy bear was trick-or-treating, he came across an apparition in the woods which scared him so much because of the vivid ghostly image, that he started crying.

Synonyms- haunt

Antonyms- animate, being

cryptic adjective

-secret; mysterious

Franklin’s neighbor is very cryptic; he’s very reclusive and never shares anything about himself.

Synonym- dark

Antonym- straightforward

lugubrious adjective
-exaggeratedly mournfulLugubrious(adjective)

Franklin was being lugubrious after he lost his soccer championship; he was trying to hold back tears and became very gloomy.

Synonyms- sorrowful, gloomy

Antonyms- cheerful, joyous

maelstrom noun
maelstrom (noun)

-a powerful whirlpool; turmoil

As Franklin was getting his weekly wash in the washing machine, a maelstrom took him by surprise, spinning him furiously until he threw up.

Synonyms- turbulence

Antonyms- calm

mausoleum noun
mausoleum (noun)

-a large, elaborate tomb

For the school trip, kids went to a large mausoleum which was really horrifying because they had mummies everywhere!

Synonym- crypt