BASE / SUPERSTRUCTURE MODEL CULTURE IDEOLOGY (philosophy, religion,etc.) LEGAL SYSTEM POLITICAL SYSTEM Superstructures Base or Infrastructure (RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION (classes)) THE ECONOMIC MODE OF PRODUCTION (eg: capitalism) (FORCES OF PRODUCTION (technology, ecology, population))
Real Imaginary Symbolic
“Ideology is a ‘representation’ of the imaginary relationship of individuals to their real conditions of existence.”Louis Althusser (1970)
Imaginary Sign (form) _______________ Signified (concept) Ideology (form) ______________ Social Formation (concept) Real
STRUCTURE OF IDEOLOGY IMAGINARY SYMBOLIC
Guarino Guarini SS. Sindone Chapel Turin 1667-90
There has been a mutation in the object, unaccompanied as yet by any equivalent mutation I the subject; we do not yet possess the perceptual equipment to match this new hyperspace... in part because our perceptual habits were formed in that older kind of space ... of high modernism. Fredric Jameson
Surely this is exactly what the cognitive map is called upon to do in the narrower framework of daily life in the physical city: to enable a situational representation on the part of the individual subject to that vaster and properly unrepresentable totality which is the ensemble of society’s structures as a whole.