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What qualifications are needed for a country to be considered a world power?. AMERICA AND THE WORLD. What is imperialism?. Imperialism is the policy of powerful countries seeking to control the economic and political affairs of weaker countries or regions. Is this right? What do you think?.

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what is imperialism
What is imperialism?
  • Imperialism is the policy of powerful countries seeking to control the economic and political affairs of weaker countries or regions.
  • Is this right? What do you think?

Why did America

join the imperialist

club at the end

of the 19c?

1 commercial business interests
1. Commercial/Business Interests
  • U. S. Foreign Investments: 1869-1908
chapter 23 section 1

Chapter 23 Section 1

A Pacific Empire

isolationism vs expansionism
Isolationism vs. Expansionism
  • Isolationism: one nation having little to do with the political affairs of other nations.
  • Expansionism: extending one country’s national boundaries.
  • Which one do you agree with?
seward looks to the pacific
Seward Looks to the Pacific
  • In 1867, Secretary of State William Seward convinced Congress to annex, or take over, Midway Island, in the middle of the Pacific.
  • Seward is best known for his purchase of Alaska from Russia.
seward s folly
Seward’s Folly
  • Seward agreed to buy Alaska for $7.2 million.
  • Many people mocked Seward for purchasing Alaska calling it “Seward’s Ice Box” and “Seward’s Folly”
  • Eventually, Seward had the last laugh when Alaska proved rich in gold, timber, copper, petroleum, and natural gas.
why imperialism why not
Why Imperialism?Why Not??
  • European countries were racing for colonies in the late 1800’s.
  • America was becoming a world leader in both agriculture and industry.
    • America needed to keep up.
a new navy
A New Navy
  • Alfred Mahan, a naval captain, argued that the prosperity of America depended on foreign trade.
    • As a result, the U.S. Navy had to have naval bases around the world to protect its interests.
  • U.S. planters gained political influence in Hawaii.
  • In 1893, U.S. marines landed in Hawaii and helped topple the monarchy
  • The U.S. annexed Hawaii in 1898. (It became a territory but it did not become a state until 1959.)
protecting trade with china
Protecting Trade With China
  • China used to be the most powerful empire in the world.
  • Industrialized nations preyed on its vast resources.
  • The U.S., being a late-comer to the imperialism game, convinced nations who held “spheres of influence” in China to accept the Open Door Policy.
  • A sphere of influence was an area, usually around a seaport, where a nation had special privileges.
  • The Open Door Policy allowed all nations to trade in the spheres of others.
boxer rebellion
Boxer Rebellion
  • The Chinese did not like the idea of foreigners in their country taking their resources.
  • In 1900, a group called the Righteous Fists of Harmony, or Boxers attacked westerners.
  • An international army, including 2,500 Americans, put down the rebellion.
  • Several nations saw the Boxer Rebellion as an excuse to seize more land in China.
section 2

Section 2

War With Spain

tensions in cuba
Tensions in Cuba
  • Cuba was part of the Spanish empire.
  • In 1895, rebels began a revolt against Spain in the hope of gaining independence.
  • Spain responded with the policy of reconcentration, which moved 500,000 Cubans into detention camps.
    • 100,000 died from starvation
americans call for war
Americans Call For War
  • Newspapers practiced yellow journalism, or reporting that relied on sensational stories and headlines.
  • These stories of Spanish atrocities against the Cubans created American sympathy (and sold newspapers)
remember the maine
“Remember the Maine!”
  • In 1898, President McKinley sent the battleship Maine to Havana, the capital of Cuba, to protect Americans after fighting broke out there.
  • On the night of February 15, 1898, a huge explosion destroyed the Maine killing at least 260 of the 350 men on board.
  • Cries for war were increased by yellow journalism.
  • Congress declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898
the spanish american war
The Spanish – American War
  • American forces were victorious in the Philippines due to a surprise naval attack.
  • Victory was gained in Cuba with the help of:
    • Rough Riders – were a volunteer cavalry regiment led by Theodore Roosevelt
    • Buffalo Soldiers – African American soldiers
  • The war lasted only 4 months
results of the war
Results of the War
  • American combat losses – 379

Deaths from disease – over 5,000

  • Cuba was granted its freedom from Spain
  • U.S. gained Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
the war is over now what
The war is over…now what?
  • Cuba wrote its own constitution but was forced to accept the Platt Amendment.
    • This allowed the U.S. to intervene in Cuba and gave them control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
    • This amendment essentially made Cuba an American protectorate, a nation whose independence is limited by the control of a more powerful country.
revolt in the philippines
Revolt in the Philippines
  • The people of the Philippines fought the U.S. following the Spanish-American War for their independence.
  • The U.S. put down the revolt but not before over 4,000 Americans lost their lives fighting.
  • In pairs, come up with a list of yellow journalistic stories from recent years that you can remember.
  • Remember what yellow journalism is and do your best to come up with good examples and be ready to explain.
ch 23 sec 3

Ch. 23 Sec. 3

The United States in Latin America

a canal across panama
A Canal Across Panama
  • President Theodore Roosevelt was determined to build a canal across the Isthmus of Panama.
  • It would shorten a trip from New York to San Francisco by 8,000 miles.
  • The U.S had to deal with Columbia who owned the land at the time
taking the canal zone
Taking the Canal Zone
  • Columbia refused Roosevelt’s offers.
  • As a result, TR backed Panamanians who wanted to break away from Columbia.
  • The Columbians were unable to put down the rebellion as a result of American interference.
  • Panama declared itself an independent republic.
  • The U.S. recognized the new nation immediately and made a deal with them to build a canal.
mosquito paradise
“Mosquito Paradise”
  • The major problem people faced when building the canal were the disease carrying mosquitoes. They mainly carried yellow fever.
the big stick in latin america
The “Big Stick” in Latin America
  • America wanted European nations to stay out of Latin America.
  • Roosevelt issued corollary, or addition, to the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Known as the Roosevelt Corollary, it gave the U.S. power to intervene in Latin America to preserve law and order.
other diplomacy methods
Other Diplomacy Methods
  • Taft’s dollar diplomacy
    • Building strong economic ties with Latin America
  • Wilson’s moral diplomacy
    • Condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace.
the u s and mexico
The U.S. and Mexico
  • Mexico was in a state of civil war for years.
  • Wilson was forced to send troops in order to protect American interests.