Group Work - at you table:1. Choose one country and one human right that is not being fulfilled in that country; 2. Discuss and fill the matrix below;3. Choose one rapporteur to report to the plenary.
Assessment Causality analysis 1 Why? Which rights are at stake? HRBA to analysis in three steps Role analysis 2 Who’s rights are implicated? Who has to do something about it? Capacity gap analysis 3 What do they need to take action?
Duty Bearers capacity elements: Can? - Knowledge Resources (human, technical and financial) Organizational challenges Want? Responsibility/motivation /leadership Must? - Authority Rights-holders capacity elements: Can? - Knowledge - resources - individual abilities Want? - Security - motivation Enabling environment? - right to participate - Information - freedom of association and expression Step 3: Capacity Gap Analysis
Analysis of duty-bearers’capacity gaps Analysis of rights-holders’capacitygaps
What is a Result ? A Result is a describable or measurable change resulting from a cause-and effect relationship
Rights-based results Consider… • Whose rights are not being met? • Who has an obligation to act? • What do these people need to be able to act? (knowledge, skills, resources)
A Typology for RBM more Collective Accountability less Results Like… Focus @ Timeframe Impact Poverty reduced in the poorest areas Human 5-10 yrs then if Outcome Local institutions provide employment and income generation opportunities Institutional/ Behavioural 5 yrs then if Output model business incubators operational in poorest provinces Operational/ skills, abilities, products & services <5 yrs then if Activity • Acquire facilities • Staff training • Micro-credit provision <1 yr
Food for thought:Attribution and Contribution Analysis Explores attribution by assessing the contribution to observed results • Key Questions: • Which links in the results chain are strong and weak? • How credible is the attribution story overall? • Do stakeholders agree with the story? • Where are the main weaknesses in the story?
Indicator A way to measure a result with the intention of gauging the performance of a programme Specifies what is to be measured Can be Qualitative or Quantitative Does not indicate direction or change (i.e. a target) Must have a baseline and target to be made meaningful Can be verified, objectively
Baseline, Target, MoV Baseline • The status of the indicator at the beginning of a programme… a reference point to assess progress Target • The expected achievement (quantitative or qualitative) by the end of the programme or period Means of Verification (MoV) • The sources of information that inform baselines and measure targets.
Types of Indicators Quantitative (statistical measures): Number of Frequency of % of Ratio of Qualitative (judgments or perceptions): Alignment with Presence of Quality of Level of
Link to rights-based causal analysis • Outcomes are the improvement in the role performance of the duty-bearer and/or rights-holder. • Outputs are changes in one or more elements (responsibility, authority, resources) of capacity that will fill the capacity gap.
Group Work At you table: • Taking into account the unfulfilled Human Right that your group previously identified and the country analysis extract, formulate 1-2 potential outcomes you would propose to include in an UNDAF; • Identify one or two corresponding indicators for each outcome; • Write your outcome statements and related indicators on a flip chart.
Silent Gallery Walk • Circulate throughout the room and visit other groups’ draft outcomes and indicator. • On post-it notes provided, comment, pose questions, and make suggestions to draft outcomes and indicators.
Silent Gallery Walk • What do you believe the statement should be? OR • What do you like about this results statement and its indicators? What might make it even better? OR • What concerns do you have about this statement and its indicators? Start your sentence with “My concern is how to…” or “The statement is missing…”
Refining results… To strengthen the capacity of civil servants to do X by undertaking Y,… Let’s use results language to emphasis the future condition we want to achieve. The capacity of civil servants is strengthened to do X by undertaking Y,… All civil servants, everywhere? Can you be more specific? Are there particularly weak or under-resourced civil servants we should emphasise? The capacity of civil servants in the 4 poorest districts is strengthened to do X by undertaking Y,… We can take out information that relates to either strategy or activities. The capacity of civil servants in the 4 poorest districts is strengthened to do X by undertaking Y,… Now, let’s try bringing the subject of change to the front, and shifting from passive to active language. Civil servants in the 4 poorest districts are better able to X
Typical pitfalls • Wordy (..and no change language) To promote equitable economic development and democratic governance in accordance with international norms by strengthening national capacities at all levels and empowering citizens and increasing their participation in decision-making processes • Too ambitious Strengthened rule of law, equal access to justice and the promotion of rights • Containing multiple results The state improves its delivery of services and its protection of rights—with the involvement of civil society and in compliance with its international commitments
Typical pitfalls • Wishy-washy, not a result (i.e. Support provided to improve..) Support to institutional capacity building for improved governance • So general, they could mean anything To promote sustainable development and increase capacity at municipal level • Overlapping with National goals/ MDGs (impacts) Substantially reduce the level of poverty and income inequality in accordance with the MDGs and PRSP
Group Work 2 In your group: • Refine your outcome statements and indicators based on the comments and suggestions you received; • Write each revised outcome statement and indicators on a flipchart paper; • Choose a representative who will read the final outcome statements and indicators.