Consequentialism in Three easy steps - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Consequentialism in Three easy steps

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  1. Consequentialism in Three easy steps PHI 2630

  2. Consequentialism In a nutshell Maximize the amount of goodness in the world

  3. Consequentialism: step one Where should we focus? • rules • duties • actions • results

  4. Consequentialism: step one We must look to the future! Where should we focus? • rules • duties • actions • results

  5. Consequentialism: step one • Consequentialism, first and foremost, is about producing the best results. • Maximizing the balance of goodness over badness in the world.

  6. Consequentialism: step two What is valuable? (What sort of results, exactly, do we want to promote?) • autonomy • rule-following • happiness • moral virtue

  7. Consequentialism: step two What is valuable? (What sort of results, exactly, do we want to promote?) • autonomy • rule-following • happiness • moral virtue

  8. Consequentialism: step two • Consequentialists endorse hedonism • Consequentialism aims to maximize happiness (or “well-being”) and minimize pain and suffering • Maximize the balance of pleasure over pain

  9. Consequentialism: step three Who counts? Whose happiness should I promote? • me, myself, and i • myself and my loved ones • everyone and everything • zeus

  10. Consequentialism: step three Who counts? Whose happiness should I promote? • me, myself, and i • everyone and everything • myself and my loved ones • zeus

  11. Consequentialism: step three • Consequentialists endorse impartiality • All sentient beingscapable of experiencing pleasure/pain and happiness/suffering count equally • Cannot prioritize the happiness of me and my loved ones

  12. Consequentialism: step three

  13. Consequentialism Focus on results(future orientation) impartiality hedonism