Black History Mrs. Kaye Byard 1st grade Literature preK-12 7301 University of Memphis
Introduction In this unit students will learn about the history of slavery and civil rights in our country. They will learn about some important historical figures and their contributions to our country. This unit could be shortened or expanded greatly depending on your students. It is only an overview of black history, including study of Abraham Lincoln, MLKJr., Rosa Parks and Ruby Bridges. There are several historical African Americans that are mentioned in some of the resources that could be studied further.
Standards: • 1.5.2a I will recognize major events in American History. • 1.5.1c I will identify contributions of diverse historical figures that have influenced the community, state & nation.
Lessons 1-3 Abraham Lincoln Lesson 1- Students will learn about Abraham Lincoln’s childhood and the time period he grew up in by listening to and discussing Abe Lincoln by Lynda Jones In the book Abe has his first experience seeing slaves in chains and being sold. It saddens him and he wants to help, but he is only 19.
Lesson 1 Activity Disussion Topics: What does it mean to work for free? The students will take turns wearing a green coat. The other students will get to tell the “green” student to do little jobs around the room. Class will discuss how they felt when they were “green.”
Lesson 2 Students will listen to and discuss A Picture Book of Abraham Lincoln by David A. Adler. The book tells the details of Lincoln’s whole life. The children will see how He changed the history of our country.
Lesson 2 Activity Students will discuss what our country may have been like if Abraham Lincoln had not freed the slaves. They will answer: How would your life be different right now? What would your neighborhood look like? What would your classmates look like? Draw a picture to illustrate your neighborhood or classroom.
Lesson 3 Students will listen to and discuss Meet the Obamas by Andrea Davis Pinkney. The book is divided into five short chapters to give students a look inside the life of President Obama and his family.
Lesson 3 Activity Students will compare and contrast Abraham Lincoln and Barack Obama on a Venn diagram. They will answer the higher order question; would Obama be able to be the president without the work of Abraham Lincoln and others like him?
Additional Activity If there is time, the students may also watch a video from the American History for Children video series “Equal Rights for All”. Two sections on the video would be good additions to the first three lessons. *The Biography of Abraham Lincoln *The Story of a Child: The Emancipation Proclamation
Lessons 4-7 MLKJr. Lesson 4- Students will learn about Martin Luther King, Jr.’s life from A Picture Book of Martin Luther King, Jr. This book is an overview of his life and will introduce children to his contributions to our country. Discussion questions: What did MLKJr. do for our country? Why did someone want to hurt him? How did MLKJr. think people should settle arguments?
Lesson 4 Activity Students will create a handbook of brotherhood to show how MLKJr. would want them to resolve and prevent disagreements. Teachers can print full book from www.teachervision.com
Additional Activity If time, students can view an American History for Children video series video “African American Life”. The focus sections of the video would be; *The Biography of Martin Luther King Jr. *African Americans Today
Lesson 5 Students will listen to My Brother MARTIN:A sister remembers growing up with the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. by Christine King Farris. Discussion topics: What do you think it would be like having a brother like Martin? Do you know anyone who works really hard and always wants everything to be fair?
Lesson 5 Activity Teachers will show the MLKJr. timeline created by some other students showing events of his life. The timeline can be viewed at http://www2.lhric.org/pocantico/taverna/98/king.htm Students will then draw a picture of one event from his life and write a sentence to go with it. The pictures will be bound into a class book.
Lesson 6 Students will listen to parts of Happy Birthday, Martin Luther King by Jean Marzollo and Martin Luther King Day by Linda Lowery. They will also watch a 10 minute video “Martin Luther King Jr. Day”. They will discuss why we have MLKJr. Day.
Lesson 6 Activity Students will write a wish for MLKJr. on a birthday cake template. Teachers you may use the template at the following web address: http://www.dpsk12.org/programs/almaproject/pdf/lessonsincourage.pdf The template is on page 10 of the unit you find at that address.
Lesson 7 Students will listen to sections from Martin Luther King, Jr. and the March on Washinton by Frances E. Ruffin and the entire text of Yes we can!: A salute to children from President Obama’s victory speech book designed by Whitney Lyle and Martin’s Big Words:The life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. by Doreen Rappaport
Lesson 7 Discussion and Activity Students will discuss the big ideas of MLKJr. And Obama and the changes both men wanted to see happen. Students will write a dream they have for the future on a template of MLKJr.’s head. Teachers can print template from www.teachervision.com
Lesson 8 Rosa Parks Students will listen to and discuss A picture book of Rosa Parks by David A. Adler and Let’s read about Rosa Parks by Courtney Baker
Lesson 8 Discussion and Activity Students will discuss how Rosa must have felt when the bus driver asked her to move, how brave she was and why she chose to disobey the law. Students will then create a minibook about the bus boycott and complete some fill-in the blank sentences about Rosa Parks. Only the first page of the mini book is shown here. Teachers can print all three pages at http://www.teachervision.fen.com/martin-luther-king-jr/printable/54873.html
Additional Activity If you would like to give your students more of a visual of how Rosa Parks stood up for her rights there is a video from the Lesson Booster series called “Heroes of Freedom” that has two sections with re-enactments of both of her bus incidents. You will want to show: Chapter 5: The Civil Rights Movement Chapter 6: Rosa’s Act of Defiance
Lesson 9 Ruby Bridges Students will listen to and discuss Lets Read About Ruby Bridges by Ruby Bridges and Grace Maccarone, The Story of Ruby Bridges by Robert Coles and Ruby Bridges Goes to School; My True Story by Ruby Bridges
Lesson 9 Activity Students will complete a venn diagram comparing their childhood to Ruby’s. They will also complete a story map of The Story of Ruby Bridges. Templates for both can be found on pages 46 & 47 of the unit found at: http://www.dpsk12.org/programs/almaproject/pdf/lessonsincourage.pdf
Additional Websites Teachers if you would like to research for more ideas you may find them at one of these two sites: http://www.carolhurst.com/subjects/slavery.html http://www.lessonplanspage.com/BlackHistoryMonth.htm
Conclusion This unit will teach children some important information about the history of African Americans in the United States. It was intended to be taught to first graders and focuses on first grade standards. However, it could easily be adapted for any grade level.
References • 100% Educational Videos, Inc. (1992). Martin Luther King Jr. Day [Motion picture]. El Dorado Hills, CA: 100% Educational Videos, Inc.. • Adler, D. A. (1989). The Picture Book of Abraham Lincoln. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Adler, D. A. (1989). A picture book of Martin Luther King, Jr. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Adler, D. A. (1993). A picture book of Rosa Parks. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc.
Baker, C. (2004). Let's read about... Rosa Parks. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Bridges, R., & Maccarone, G. (2003). Let's read about... Ruby Bridges. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Bridges, R. (2009). Ruby Bridges goes to school; My true story. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Brigham Young University, & Mckay, D. O. (2011). Diversity Activities. Retrieved April 7, 2011, from http://education.byu.edu/diversity/activities.html
Coles, R. (1995). The story of Ruby Bridges. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Denver Public Schools, Williams, B. J., & Martinez, L. A. (2001). Retrieved April 9, 2011, from http://www.dpsk12.org/programs/almaproject/pdf/lessonsincourage.pdf • Fabian-baber Communications, Inc., & Schlessinger, A. (1996). American history for children video series: African American life [Motion picture]. Wynnewood, PA: Schlessinger Video Productions, a division of Library Video Company.
Fabian-baber Communications, Inc., & Schlessinger, A. (1996). American history for children video series: Equal rights for all [Motion picture]. Bala Cynwyd, PA: Schlessinger Video Productions, a division of Library Video Company. • Farris, C. K. (2003). My Brother Martin; A Sister Remembers Growing Up With The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Google (2011). Graphic Organizers. Retrieved April 7, 2011, from http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://surfari.editime.com/file...safari%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Den%26tbm%3Disch&ei=FVOeTcSyJqHg0gH46vn7BA
Hotchalk (2011). The lesson plan page. Retrieved April 7, 2011, from http://www.lessonplanspage.com • Hurst, C. (2011). Carol's Hurst's Children's Literature Site. Retrieved April 7, 2011, from http://www.carolhurst.com/subjects/slavery.html • Jones, L. (1999). Abe Lincoln. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Lowery, L. (1987). Martin Luther King Day. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc.
Marzollo, J. (1993). Happy birthday, Martin Luther King. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Mazzarella Media. (2008). Lesson booster a super way to learn: Heroes of freedom [DVD]. USA • Obama, B. (2009). Yes we can! a salute to children from President Obama's victory speech. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Pearson Education (2011). Teacher Vision. Retrieved April 7, 2011, from http://www.teachervision.fen.com/
Pinkney, A. D. (2009). Meet the Obamas; America's First Family. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Rappaport, D. (2001). Martin's big words; The life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. New York, NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Ruffin, F. E. (2001). Martin Luther King, Jr. and the march on Washington. New York , NY: Scholastic, Inc. • Taverna (n.d.). Time Line of Martin Luther King Jr. Retrieved April 9, 2011, from http://www2.lhric.org/pocantico/taverna/98/king.htm