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Competency-Based Training Solutions in a non-standardized world. Capt. Kris Van den Bergh Vice-President Pilot Provisioning. APATS September 2009. Problem Definition. We fly safe airplanes We are part of an industry that has established an expectation of safety in the traveling public.

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competency based training solutions in a non standardized world

Competency-Based Training Solutionsin a non-standardized world

Capt. Kris Van den BerghVice-President Pilot Provisioning

APATSSeptember 2009

problem definition
Problem Definition
  • We fly safe airplanes
  • We are part of an industry that has established an expectation of safety in the traveling public.
  • Our airplanes are well designed.
  • The technology engineered into today’s aircraft substantially increases crew situational awareness and reduces crew workload.
  • Training methods and supporting evaluation criteria, in our view, are challenged to keep pace.
problem definition3
Problem Definition

- 20%


problem definition4
Problem Definition

+ 50%


problem definition5
Problem Definition

+ 70%


problem definition6
Problem Definition
  • The primary response, thus far, has been to increase the prescriptive hourly requirements, required maneuvers, and testing processes necessary for qualification.
  • There have been structural improvements:
    • Improvements to Training Tools & Products (Technology)
    • Advanced Qualification Proficiency (AQP) Training
    • ITQI Initiatives (Instructor Training & Evidenced Based Training)
    • Maturing Threat and Error Management (TEM) Programs
  • We are still challenged to advance our training and evaluation methods in the international aviation community.
competency based training
Competency-Based Training
  • One possible solution is competency based training and assessment.


& Maneuvers




in classic

training program


in proficiency-based

training program






  • Competency based training:
    • Places emphasis on achieving benchmarked standards of performance throughout the training, or
    • Is training that focuses on what a person will do in the workplace after completing a program of training.
competency based training8
Competency-Based Training
  • Most modern military training is competency based.
  • Application to civil flight training is relatively new & limited.
  • Only achievable if the principles of the Instructional Systems Design process are well understood and successfully applied.
competency based training9
Competency-Based Training
  • Existing prescriptive training programs confirm that a trainee has obtained the knowledge and mastered the skills associated with a given task by a final test or progress test.
  • Competency based programs, by design, mandate the continuous assessment of KSA competencies against benchmarked standards using a Learning Management System and other tools to ensure the continuous maturation of trainees as they progress through a given program of instruction.
  • The question before us…

is competency based training realistically achievablein today’s global aviation community?

competency based training10
Competency-Based Training
  • Is standardization in a non-standardized world possible?
  • Can we develop competency based training standards that complement and improve our current training initiatives and priorities?
  • We believe it is feasible if we conform to several features that are the basis of competency based training and assessment.
competency based training features
Competency Based Training Features
  • A Comprehensive Aircrew Selection Process.
  • Aviation English Language (AEL) Training
  • Competency Based Training and Assessment
    • Underlying instructional systems design process
    • Competency based training environment
      • Benchmarked standards of performance, focused on the end goal
      • Integration of theoretical and practical skills
      • Supporting training materials
      • Satisfactory completion of training is only based on the achievement of all specified competencies
    • Training emphasis on the crew
    • LOFT/scenario based training predominates
    • Integrated CRM/TEM
competency based training features12
Competency Based Training Features
  • Practical and Theoretical Training
    • Competencies precisely defined
    • Cumulatively provide the theoretical and practical competencies of an ATPL holder qualified to operate a multi-engine, turbine powered, pressurized airplane in all possible operational environments.
    • Windshear, CFIT, Upset, and recovery from energy critical maneuvers required.
    • CRM/TEM attitudinal competencies trained in a mission context.
    • FSTD’s provide the fidelities necessary to train competency based objectives.
    • Training providers tasked with coordinating specific regulatory requirements with the National Authority.
competency based training features13
Competency Based Training Features
  • Instructional Competencies
    • Defined for each phase.
    • Confirmed by the supporting quality system.
    • Formally assessed.
  • Program Oversight
    • Confirmation of the ATO’s training processes.
    • Confirmation of the ATO’s quality system.
    • Review of the ATO’s risk indicators previously identified in the risk profile.
    • Assessment of training fidelity (courseware, instruction, FSTD’s).
competency based training features14
Competency Based Training Features
  • Testing
    • Comprehensive assessment of developing ATPL knowledge and skills.
    • PF and PNF/PM.
    • Evaluation standards connected to existing/future technologies.
  • Data Collection and Analysis
    • Absolutely essential to assure competency development.
    • ICAO data collection recommendations provide a good start.
    • Data collection should extend through release to the line and the first year of operational experience to validate the training process.
cae initiatives
CAE Initiatives
  • Our Proposed MPL program and existing ATPL training programs incorporate competency based training features.
  • Examples:
    • CASS
    • Standard Proficiency Objectives
    • Robust quality systems
      • Providing TO’s with a set of priorities that support day-to-day operations, augment safety initiatives, reveal latent threats to the organization, confirm program execution and instructor proficiency, and provide long term action items.
    • Comprehensive and fully integrated planning & data collection system
    • CAE Global Flight Operations Manual
cae initiatives16
CAE Initiatives
  • Airline/Customer Coordination
    • Training expectations/special needs.
    • Traditional or AQP?
    • Cadet selection.
    • Coordination of extended data collection requirements.
    • Coordination with sponsoring airline’s NAA inspector.
  • National Authority Coordination
    • Many ICAO recommended training standards are tasked to NAAs.
    • They include ATO Certification Requirements, Quality System Requirements, and SMS requirements.

End goal is improved training fidelity that fully utilizes advanced training methods & technologies.