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THE EARLY USA. Washington / Adams Presidencies. The KEY Debate. Federal Power vs. State Power Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans. -Led by Hamilton ( Washington, Adams) -Strong Central Gov’t -LOOSE Interpretation of Constitution Not Trust Average Citizen Reserve Democracy

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the early usa


Washington / Adams


the key debate
The KEY Debate
  • Federal Power vs. State Power
  • Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans
federalists vs democratic republicans
-Led by Hamilton (Washington, Adams)

-Strong Central Gov’t

-LOOSE Interpretation of Constitution

Not Trust Average Citizen

Reserve Democracy

Elite Educated w/Power

-Fear Anarchy

-Favor National Bank

-Favor Britain and Trade

-Led by Jefferson (Madison)

-Strong State Govt’s

-STRICT Interp. of Const.

Trust Average Citizen

Expand Democracy

Power to the People

-Fear Tyranny

-Oppose National Bank

Favor France and Revolution

washington chosen to be 1 st president
Washington Chosen to be 1st President
  • John Adams is VP
  • Jefferson is Sec. of State
  • Hamilton is Sec. of Treasury
how did gw feel about accepting the presidency
How did GW feel about accepting the Presidency???
  • “My movements to the chair of government will be accompanied by feelings not unlike those of a culprit who is going to the place of his execution.”
  • When GW took office, he only had ONE natural tooth left in his mouth!!!
  • He had as many as 5 different dentures sets made for him!!!
how does a gov t get money
How does a Gov’t get Money???
  • TAXES!!
  • Hamilton puts a sales (excise) tax on Whiskey
  • PA farmers revolt
  • Tar and feather tax collectors again!!!
whiskey rebellion 1794
  • GW leads militias to put down revolt
  • (Executing law!!!)
  • First Big Test!
  • FEDERAL Gov’t using its power to keep STATES in line
the french revolution 1789
The French Revolution - 1789
  • Overthrow of French Monarchy
  • Replace with Republic for the people
  • King Louis XVI executed in the Guillotine
  • USA Reaction???
Jefferson and Dem-Rep’s happy and supportive of revolution – ousted tyranny
  • Hamilton and Federalists cautious as war will disrupt American trade
  • Feds support England (order) / Dem-R support France (liberty)
  • Will USA get drawn into war???
  • Who is supposed to be our ally???
the reign of terror in france
“The Reign of Terror” in France
  • 16,000 – 40,000 French executed by Guillotine
  • France plunges into war with England for 20 years
  • England and France begin seizing US ships
  • GW stays neutral
  • French Citizen Genet in USA tying to recruit Americans to fight England!!!
nursery rhyme
Nursery Rhyme!!!
  • “Jack and Jill went up the hill to fetch a pail of water.Jack fell down and broke his crown,And Jill came tumbling after.”
  • The roots of the story, or poem,  of Jack and Jill  are in France.
  • The Jack and Jill referred to are said to be the beheaded King Louis XVI - Jack -who was beheaded (lost his crown) followed by his Queen Marie Antoinette - Jill - (who came tumbling after). The words and lyrics to the Jack and Jill  poem were made more acceptable as a story for children.
  • The actual beheadings occurred in during the Reign of Terror in 1793. 
washington s farewell address
Washington’s Farewell Address
  • Leaves after 2 Terms (precedent)
  • Warns against “entangling alliances”
  • Don’t get sucked into foreign affairs!
election of 1796
ELECTION of 1796
  • Federalist VP Adams Beats

D-REP. Jefferson

(Becomes new VP)

  • Adams very qualified, but has a miserable Presidency (how do you follow GW?)
    • XYZ Affair
    • War with France???
    • Alien & Sedition Acts
    • VA & KY Resolutions
adams quote
Adams Quote
  • “No man who ever held the office of President would congratulate a friend on obtaining it.”
  • Nickname: “His Rotundity”
  • France (and England) raiding our trade ships and kidnapping sailors
  • Adams sends diplomats to negotiate with France (mad over Jay’s Treaty)
  • Ambassadors “X,Y,Z” demand a bribe to even talk with the USA
USA screaming for War with France (even Republicans)
  • Federalists happy to smash France and solidify trade with Britain
  • Adams does not bite – stays out of war
    • Does create the Navy Dept. and builds it up
  • Public fiercely criticizes him (will cost him re-election)
    • Prove Fed. Case of who should lead???
  • Adams wants to put down domestic opposition
alien and sedition acts
Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Forbids citizens from criticizing the Gov’t
  • Expel any “aliens” dangerous to the security of the USA
  • Why is this bad???
    • Limiting Free Speech (1st Amendment!!!)
  • Should this stand???
dem rep s respond
Dem-Rep’s Respond
  • Jefferson and Madison write the
  • VA and KY Resolutions
  • States can nullify acts/laws of the Federal Gov’t that are Unconstitutional WHY??? HOW???
  • “Doctrine of Nullification” is born and will haunt USA for years to come
  • But who should decide???
  • Who is trying to take back some power???
    • Compact Theory: States in USA