The USA. Concepts . Ideology Democracy Capitalism Rights & Responsibilities Participation Representation. All known and understood in an AMERICAN context. The American Dream. The USA is a democratic country. Democracy. Government Of the people By the people For the people .
Rights & Responsibilities
All known and understood in an AMERICAN context
Of the people
By the people
For the people
Underpins American rights and freedoms
An ideology which says how to organise the economy
People are free to buy and invest in businesses
People are encouraged to
Improving their standard of living
Achieving the American Dream
Rights & Freedoms
Bill of Rights
Right to vote
Right to stand for election
Freedom of religion
Freedom of speech
Right to protest
Right to a fair trial
Individuals in USA
Interest groups in USA
Rights bring Responsibilities
Vote for representatives
Carry a gun
You must show your understanding
By using American examples
Vote at Federal, State and local level
Vote for President and Members of Congress – eg Senators
For State Governor and State Congress
Vote for Mayor and local officials – dog catcher
Rights Protected in the Constitution
Bill of Rights
Rights bring corresponding responsibilities
Rights restricted under new anti terrorism laws
held without trial
telephone tapping / e mail surveillance
stop and search eg at airports
Do all Americans have the same chances in life?
Do all Americans have the same opportunities to achieve the American Dream?
Social inequality – housing, health, education, crime
Economic Inequality – income, employment, poverty
Crime – particular problem for Black minority in ghetto areas
An American Reality
Single parent families
Social and Economic Inequality
All Americans are not equal when it comes to achieving the American Dream.
For members of some ethnic minorities, in particular the Black Americans, the reality is social and economic inequality.
Show differences in housing, education, health and crime for
Hispanic or Latino Americans
High quality, low density suburbs; large houses, gardens, pool.
Gated communities – self sufficient communities behind security fences
Af & Hispanic more likely to live in inner city ghetto areas, poor run down housing; Poor health – higher mortality for African and Hispanic Americans than for Asian and White also less likely to have health insurance; Poorly resourced schools and higher drop out rates; crime
To explain inequalities we can look at the links between social and economic factors
Low paid work
Lack of qualifications
A Vicious Circle
Low cost housing areas
Drugs and crime
Limited educational resources
Americans must pay for health care
Poorer Americans are less able to afford health care
Black and Hispanic Americans are less likely to have health care
Inner city schools are less well resourced than suburban schools: Poorer areas = poorer scholls
Black and Hispanic Americans have fewer qualifications than white Americans
Inner city ghetto housing is poor in facilities, more likely to be overcrowded and run down
Segregation – poorer ethnic minorities in inner city areas
Schools have problems getting staff and resources
Crime a major problem – especially drugs and violent crime
Outer suburbs are in contrast – larger houses with amenities
Inequalities in crime and justice:
Rich people can afford expensive lawyers – poor people are les likely to be well defended.
Blacks more likely to be convicted, sentenced to prison and given the death sentence than other ethnic groups
Regional inequality – some states have death sentence and use it more than others.
READ pages 32 –34
Activities 1-6 page 34
Income: Relates to employment opportunities which can be determined by education and qualifications
Employment type: Affects income; depends on education, qualifications
Unemployment Rates: Some groups more likely to be unemployed than others
Poverty: More whites in poverty than any other group BUT higher proportion of Black and Hispanics in poverty.
Affirmative action examples
Increasing proportion of Black middle class
Black and Hispanic Americans suffer most from poverty
Voting in Local, State or Federal Elections
Write to a newspaper
Eg Washington Post
Lobby a politician
Copy and complete the spider diagram – give AMERICAN examples!!
Even the dog catcher!
Complete with examples and names
Consider how fair is the representation of women and minorities?
Reasons for this?