First Two years at war • After Bunker Hill the Americans face many • Defeats. • Loss of Largest port city in colonies New York city. • Forced retreat from New Jersey • Loss at battle at white plains New York • 30,000 German mercenaries flood the country hired by England. • Loss of the capital Philadelphia, 2nd Continental Congress barely escapes • Loss at battle of brandy wine creek
IV. Patriot Victories A. Battle of Trenton Washington led a surprise attack on Christmasnight and captured the British fort and the HESSIAN mercenaries inside
ALRIGHT MEN !! TAKE THEIR PRESENTS, BURN DOWN THEIR CHRISTMAS TREE, AND SHAVE SANTA WILL SHOW THOSE GERMANS HOW AMERICANS HAVE A REAL CHRISTMAS
Washington’s surprise attack on Trenton was possible because the Continental Army crossed the Delaware River at night. Famous painting of Washington Crossing the Delaware river
Less famous painting of Washington Crossing a street in Delaware
Warm up Why was the battle of Saratoga so important? remember your star card
V. Battle of Saratoga (Patriots won) A. 1/3 of the British army surrendered ( there were 3 British armies in America) B. Boosted Patriot spirits C. Convinced the French & Spanish to join the war on the Patriot side.
*The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point of the American Revolution
Saratoga was fought by many different types of Americans like Wentworth Cheswell. A well known African American from New Hampshire who would later help in writing his states constitution
VI. Valley Forge A. After losing Philadelphia to the British the Continental Army camped in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania for the winter of 1777
B. The Army did not have enough food, proper clothing, or good shelter. 2,500 colonial troops died at Valley Forge
What are some things you see in this picture. A Committee of Congress visiting at Valley forge
Thomas Paine called for American independence in his 1776 pamphlet ”Common Sense“ While Washington was at valley forge Paine wrote the “Crisis” which told the troops to stay strong things would get better These are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in the crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands it NOW, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman.” ― Thomas Paine, The American Crisis
At Valley Forge, a wealthy French man named Marquis de Lafayette helped to train the Continental Army how to march, fight, and shoot like professionals
Taking it to the British Under Louis the 16th Both the French navy and army are sent to America to fight the British
The Spanish under General Bernardo Galvez attack British held Mobile and Pensacola.