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History of science

History of science

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History of science

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  1. History of science James Sernyk

  2. Science is old as dirt • Started way back with the Greeks- 2500 yrs ago • Tried to understand the natural world, what they saw • Five “Classic” Elements: • Earth • Water • Air • Fire • Aether (space, stars, the unknown…)

  3. Greek scientists • Aristotle- 340 BC "Aristotle Altemps Inv8575" by Copy of Lysippus - Jastrow (2006). Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aristotle_Altemps_Inv8575.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Aristotle_Altemps_Inv8575.jpg

  4. Greek scientists • Pythagoras- 550 BC "Kapitolinischer Pythagoras adjusted" by Original uploader was Galilea at de.wikipedia - First upload to Wikipedia: de.wikipedia; description page is/was here. (Original text : Fotografiert am 30.03.2005) Second upload to Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Kapitolinischer_Pythagoras.jpg and this is an adjusted version of the second one.. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kapitolinischer_Pythagoras_adjusted.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Kapitolinischer_Pythagoras_adjusted.jpg

  5. Greek scientists • Hippocrates- 400 BC http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/18/Hippocrates_pushkin02.jpg By user:shakko (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

  6. Greek scientists • Euclid- 300 BC "Euklid" by Justus van Gent (fl. 1460–1480) - http://www.aiwaz.net/panopticon/euclid/gi881c129. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Euklid.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Euklid.jpg

  7. Greek scientists • Archimedes- 250 BC "Archimedes1" by Unknown - André Thévet (1584) Les vraispourtraits et vies des hommesillustresgrecz, latins et payens, Paríž, pp. 46 Retrieved from http://math.nyu.edu/~crorres/: Page, Picture. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Archimedes1.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Archimedes1.jpg

  8. Greek scientists • Ptolemy- 100 BC http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0b/PSM_V78_D326_Ptolemy.png See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

  9. The dark ages • Scientific thinking starts to slow down • Lasts 1400-1500 years • Some progress in the Middles East, India & China • Chinese invent: • Abacus (and advance Math) • Gunpowder • Paper • Printing press

  10. Renaissance & Enlightenment • Started around 1400, lasted several hundred years • A renewed interest in scientific think and discoveries

  11. European scientists • Leonardo Da Vinci- 1452-1519 "LEONARDO". Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LEONARDO.JPG#mediaviewer/File:LEONARDO.JPG

  12. European scientists • Galileo Galilei- 1564-1642 "Justus Sustermans - Portrait of Galileo Galilei, 1636" by Justus Sustermans - http://www.nmm.ac.uk/mag/pages/mnuExplore/PaintingDetail.cfm?ID=BHC2700. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Justus_Sustermans_-_Portrait_of_Galileo_Galilei,_1636.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Justus_Sustermans_-_Portrait_of_Galileo_Galilei,_1636.jpg

  13. European scientists • Isaac Newton- 1642-1726 "Sir Isaac Newton by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt" by Sir Godfrey Kneller - National Portrait Gallery, London: NPG 2881 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sir_Isaac_Newton_by_Sir_Godfrey_Kneller,_Bt.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Sir_Isaac_Newton_by_Sir_Godfrey_Kneller,_Bt.jpg

  14. European scientists • Carl Linnaeus- 1707-1778 "Carl von Linné" by Alexander Roslin - Nationalmuseum press photo, cropped with colors slightly adjusted. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carl_von_Linn%C3%A9.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Carl_von_Linn%C3%A9.jpg

  15. European scientists • Charles Darwin- 1809-1882 "Charles Darwin by Julia Margaret Cameron 2" by Julia Margaret Cameron – Reprinted in Charles Darwin: His Life Told in an Autobiographical Chapter, and in a Selected Series of His Published Letters, edited by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray, Albemarle Street. 1892. Scanned by User:Davepape. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Charles_Darwin_by_Julia_Margaret_Cameron_2.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Charles_Darwin_by_Julia_Margaret_Cameron_2.jpg

  16. European scientists • Albert Einstein- 1879-1955 "Albert Einstein (Nobel)" by Unknown - Official 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics photograph. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Albert_Einstein_(Nobel).png#mediaviewer/File:Albert_Einstein_(Nobel).png

  17. European scientists • Watson & Crick- 1960’s "Maclyn McCarty with Francis Crick and James D Watson - 10.1371 journal.pbio.0030341.g001-O" by Marjorie McCarty - Lederberg J, Gotschlich EC (2005) A Path to Discovery: The Career of Maclyn McCarty. PLoSBiol 3(10): e341 doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0030341. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Maclyn_McCarty_with_Francis_Crick_and_James_D_Watson_-_10.1371_journal.pbio.0030341.g001-O.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Maclyn_McCarty_with_Francis_Crick_and_James_D_Watson_-_10.1371_journal.pbio.0030341.g001-O.jpg

  18. My current favourite • Neil deGrasse Tyson- b. 1958 • Astrophysicist "Neil deGrasse Tyson August 3, 2014 (cropped)" by Mingle Media TV – https://www.flickr.com/photos/minglemediatv/14849113273/. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Neil_deGrasse_Tyson_August_3,_2014_(cropped).jpg#mediaviewer/File:Neil_deGrasse_Tyson_August_3,_2014_(cropped).jpg

  19. Women in Science • Hypatia of Alexandria- 370-415 • Lectured on Mathematics, Astronomy and Philosophy • Major contributions to Algebra • Killed by a Christian mob „Hypatia portrait“ von Drawn by Jules Maurice Gaspard (1862–1919) - Elbert Hubbard, "Hypatia", in Little Journeys to the Homes of Great Teachers, v.23 #4, East Aurora, New York : The Roycrofters, 1908 (375 p. 2 v. ports. 21 cm). Lizenziertunter Public domain über Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hypatia_portrait.png#mediaviewer/File:Hypatia_portrait.png

  20. Women in Science • Marie Curie- 1867-1934 • Discovered radium, polonium and the nature of radioactivity • Won Nobel Prize in 1903 • Died of complications from radiation exposure http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d9/Mariecurie.jpg See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

  21. Women in Science • Jane Goodall- b. 1934 • Studied chimpanzee behavior in Tanzania • Made important contributions to Anthropology and human physiology "Jane Goodall HK" by Jeekc - Self-published work by Jeekc. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jane_Goodall_HK.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Jane_Goodall_HK.jpg