Propaganda During WWII EQ: What is propaganda and how did countries use it to support the war effort?
What is Propaganda? • Material spread to support a cause or damage an opponent’s cause • “Us vs Them” • A form of communication aimed at influencing people on a position by presenting biased and one-sided arguments
What does Propaganda contain? • Purpose (what is its goal?) • Examples: enlist in the army, resources, protect children, etc… • Implied Message (Not to state something directly but to suggest indirectly.) • Slogan or catchy phrase • Graphics or Symbols (represent something) • Targeted Audience • Try to get a certain group to do something • Emotions – convey or cause
Propaganda Videos Throughout History • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yy7ZWlMAhFQ (the great dictator) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7DoUiNxh6_0 (jfk campaign song) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYvr28-5QKw (reason and emotion cartoon)
“Rosie the Riveter” • Slogan? • Describe the poster • Targeted audience? • What is the purpose/implied message? • How can women help the war effort? • Emotions conveyed?
“Don’t Ride Alone” • Slogan? • Describe the poster • Targeted audience? • What is the purpose/implied message? • How can you help the war effort? • What emotions are conveyed?
Group Activity (Participation Grade) • I will place you in groups of 3-4 • Each group will receive one propaganda poster of WWII You will have a few minutes as a group to describe and analyze it. You will present you description and analysis to the class: • Description of the poster • Purpose/ Implied Message • Phrase or Slogan • Targeted Audience • Graphics/Symbols • Emotion(s) conveyed • Does it glamorize or vilify (bad/horrible) war?
Design own Propaganda Poster • Create your own propaganda poster • Your posters should include pictures, a slogan/title, purpose/implied message, symbols/graphics, targeted audience, and be colored • At the bottom of the paper, explain your poster in 6-9 sentences • What is its purpose/theme, who is the targeted audience, how will it lend support to the war effort, what emotions are conveyed by the poster, and does your poster glamorize or vilify the war? Explain
Poster Analysis Paragraph (7-9 sentences) • Here are the things you need to include: • What is the purpose/implied message? • What is the slogan or phrase? • Who is the targeted audience? (explain) • Explain the graphics/symbols and how they relate to the purpose/implied message • What emotions are conveyed or caused? (explain) • Does your poster glamorize or vilify war? (explain)