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WWII American Propaganda PowerPoint Presentation
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WWII American Propaganda

WWII American Propaganda

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WWII American Propaganda

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  1. WWII American Propaganda Winning the hearts and minds of the American people

  2. What is Propaganda? • Information used to manipulate behavior or belief • Information used to promote a particular cause or point of view • One-sided • Information, rumors, allegations, ideas

  3. Why use Propaganda? • The Office of War Information (OWI), the Treasury Department, branches of the armed forces, recruitment offices, etc. used propaganda to persuade the American people to support the war effort • Hollywood also produced propaganda to persuade the people to support the war

  4. Why use Propaganda (cont’d) • Remember, this is a total war, so everyone’s contribution is needed • Everyone needs to be persuaded to: • Support U.S.’s involvement in the war • See the enemy as hateful/evil • Contribute to the war effort

  5. Types of Propaganda • In the 1940s television is not yet common so mediums used for propaganda were: • Radio • Cartoons (watched in cinemas) • Movies • Posters

  6. Some cartoon examples • You’re a Sap, Mr. Jap, released 1942. By Famous Studios. Popeye takes on the Japanese Navy • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sOmkvEMLIT0 • Der Fuehrer’s Face, released 1943. By Walt Disney Productions. Donald Duck has a nightmare that he lives in Nazi Germany • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uMTLMPcyprg • How do these cartoons portray the Japanese and Nazis, respectively? • How might audiences have responded to these animated shorts?

  7. Propaganda Techniques • Name-calling • Fear • Glittering generalities: words/ideas you cannot argue against • The transfer: transfer the status of one thing to another • Testimonial: an important or famous figure’s support • Band Wagon: everyone is doing it!

  8. WWII Propaganda Poster Analysis • Title of the poster: • 1. Describe the poster • 2. What techniques does the poster use? • 3. What is this poster trying to convince you to do? • 4. What does the poster say about the war? About the enemy?

  9. Questions: Techniques • Title of the poster: • 1. Describe the poster • 2. What techniques does the poster use? • 3. What is this poster trying to convince you to do? • 4. What does the poster say about the war? About the enemy? • Name-calling • Fear • Glittering generalities: words/ideas you cannot argue against • The transfer: transfer the status of one thing to another • Testimonial: an important or famous figure’s support • Band Wagon: everyone is doing it!