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Housing in London – the Mayor’s new role. Alan Benson - GLA. Overview. The strategic drivers Housing need and supply The devolution of housing powers Towards the Mayor’s Housing Strategy . The strategic drivers . The case for London .

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Presentation Transcript

Overview
Overview

  • The strategic drivers

  • Housing need and supply

  • The devolution of housing powers

  • Towards the Mayor’s Housing Strategy



The case for london
The case for London

  • London’s economy drives Britain’s economy - is not in competition with it

  • Housing is a threat to London’s economic growth and social wellbeing

  • Need to increase supply and improve quality

  • Need for investment in infrastructure to maximise major opportunities




3 bed new homes
3+ bed new homes

  • 1991/2 2003/4

  • London 26% 19%

  • South East 49% 58%

  • South West 49% 63%

  • East 50% 69%

  • West Mids 59% 63%

  • East Mids 64% 76%

  • Yorks+H 67% 65%

  • North West 71% 70%

  • North East 75% 79%







Housing need and supply

Housing need

and supply


Housing need
Housing need

  • Need 35,400 new homes per annum

  • 66% should be affordable

  • Social housing

    • 42% of new social should be 4 bed plus

  • Market

    • 34% of new market should be 3 bed plus

  • Intermediate

    • little demonstrable “need” – requires policy steer



The london plan
The London Plan

  • London Plan targets

    • 30,500 homes

    • 50% affordable (70/30 social:intermediate)

    • 100% lifetime, 10% wheelchair accessible

  • London Plan delivery of new homes

  • - 1999: 17,000

  • - 2005/6: 24,000 (new) 28,000 (total)

  • Affordable homes

  • - 1999: 6,000

  • - 2005/6: 8,000 (new) 12,000 (total)

  • But concerns over mix and size


Residential land prices

8

England and Wales

excluding London

Millions

7

Inner and Outer London

6

South East England

5

4

3

2

1

0

Spr85

Spr88

Spr91

Spr94

Spr97

Aut83

Aut86

Aut89

Aut92

Aut95

Aut98

Spr2000

Spr2003

Jan2006

July2004

Aut2001

Residential land prices

Source: VOA



Residential construction
Residential construction

Ownership of land with residential planning permission by number of schemes with private units



The road to housing devolution
The road to housing devolution

  • Feb 2003: Communities Plan

    • Introduced regional housing strategies

    • Set up Regional Housing Boards

  • Jun 2003: LHB set up and first London Housing Strategy published

  • Mar 2004: HMT Barker Review - recommends merging regional housing and planning

  • Nov 2006: GLA Bill - Review of Mayor’s powers

  • Oct 2007?: New powers commence


Review of powers other areas
Review of Powers - other areas

  • Planning

    • Power to ensure local development plans are in compliance with London Plan

    • Positive powers on strategic planning applications

  • Other strategies

    • Adult skills strategy

    • Energy and climate change strategy

    • Health inequalities strategy


New housing powers
New housing powers

  • The responsibilities of the London Housing Board will transfer to the Mayor

  • Mayor will publish a statutory Housing Strategy and Strategic Housing Investment Plan

  • Mayor will decide the broad distribution of the affordable housing part of the Regional Housing Pot


Strategic powers
Strategic powers

  • Local housing strategies will be required to be in general conformity, includes:

    • “any strategy [or] other statement of the local housing authority’s policies or proposals related to housing”

  • Implementation model is existing statutory strategies not London Plan

  • Need to clarify “reach”

  • Need to consider sub-regional position


Investment powers the rhp
Investment powers – the RHP

(Based on 2006/8 figs)


Strategic housing investment plan
Strategic Housing Investment Plan

  • Drawn up and agreed by all key agencies

    • (GLA, LDA, HC, EP, TfL, LTG DC, GOL, LCs)

  • Ambitious aims:

    • Cover all housing related investment

    • Set out common priorities

    • Align the activities of public sector investors

    • Maximise private sector leverage

    • Co-ordinate housing and infrastructure investment

    • Framework for innovative delivery models


Timetable
Timetable

  • Nov 2006 - Queen’s Speech

  • Nov 2006 - “Towards the Mayor’s Housing Strategy”

  • Feb 2007 - Consultation on this closes

  • May 2007 - GLA Bill gets Royal Assent

  • Jun 2007 - Draft (non-statutory) Housing Strategy

  • Jul 2007 - Strategic Housing Investment Plan

  • Aug 2007 - Comprehensive Spending Review

  • Oct 2007 - GLA Bill commencement

  • 2007/08 - Statutory consultation on Housing Strategy and Strategic Investment Plan


Housing structures
Housing structures

  • Strategy

    • Renewed Mayor’s Housing Forum

    • Sub-groups to engage wider specialists

    • Equalities Standing Group

  • Investment

    • Housing Investment Panel

    • Developer engagement

  • Scrutiny - London Assembly



Key issues for new strategy
Key issues for new strategy

  • Putting people first

    • delivering housing’s enabling role

  • Building more homes

    • tackling the barriers to delivery

  • The right homes in the right places

    • shifting the mix – spatial/tenure/size

  • Creating places where people want to live

    • design led development


Key issues for new strategy1
Key issues for new strategy

  • Reviewing intermediate housing

    • is it giving us what we want?

  • Promoting choice and mobility

    • better matching need and demand

  • Tackling climate change

    • top priority for change

  • Other issues

    • list is not exhaustive



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