Housing: A Universal Need Housing and Interior Design Unit 1
Housing & Interior Design Unit 1 Housing Needs
1.1 Define terms related to housing needs Archeologist = scientist who studies history through the relics and remains of old civilizations. Climate = weather conditions of a region determined by temperature and meteorological changes over a period of years. Condominium = individually owned housing units in a multi-unit development.
Culture = everything about the way a group of people live. • Duplex = one building that contains two separate living units. • Earth Sheltered = houses that are partially covered with soil.
Efficiency Apartment = a unit with one main room, a small kitchen area, and a bathroom. • Eviction = a legal action that requires tenants to move out before the lease has expired. • Exposure = the position of a house in relation to the sun and wind.
Green Building = designing, building, and operating homes to use materials, energy, and water efficiently. • Housing = any structure built for people to live in. • HUD = (The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development) - an agency that provides funding for housing for the elderly and disabled.
Lease = a legal document a lessee signs when agreeing to rent housing for a specified period of time. • Lessee = someone who pays rent to use or occupy property owned by someone else. • Lesser= a person who owns a property and rents it to someone else.
Manufactured Home = a transportable structure, constructed in a factory, designed to be used as a single family dwelling. Modular Home = a home made up of separate boxlike sections that are built in a factory and assembled at the site. Planned Neighborhood = a self-contained town, zoned for residential and business uses.
Security Deposit = a fee paid by a renter to cover the cost of any future damage that may be caused to the unit. • SMART House = simple and easy-to-use home automation system based on computer technology. • Sublet = to move out of a rental unit before the lease is up and rent the unit to someone else while retaining legal responsibility for the lease.
Technology = the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes such as reaching goals, meeting needs, and solving problems. • Townhouse = a series of individual housing units, usually identical in appearance, with a common wall between each dwelling.
Universal Design = designing interiors and products to accommodate all people with a variety of requirements, needs, and abilities. • Utilities = services such as electric power, gas, water, and telephone.
HOME • Describe what you think of when you see the word “home.” • Why might home vary from one culture to another?
Objectives: • Discuss prehistoric and past housing trends. (1.2) • Describe present housing trends. (1.3) • Predict future housing trends. (1.4) • Discuss major challenges in the area of housing today and in the future. (1.5)
Objectives: • List individual and family needs affecting housing choices. (1.6) • Discuss factors which influence the need for housing. (1.7) • Describe special housing needs for a disabled or elderly person. (1.8)
Home • Of great importance in people’s lives • Protects people • Provides people with a safe environment
Housing • Housing • Any structure built for people to live in. • People share the need for housing around the world.
Prehistoric and Past Housing Trends • Natural Shelters • Portable Shelters • Permanent Shelters 1.2
Used what the land offered People lived in natural shelters Caves, thickets, and pits that people dug Natural Shelters 1.2
Natural Shelters • Archaeologists • Scientists who study history through relics and remains of old civilizations. • Examined bones, charcoal paintings, and pottery chips, which told them that humans occupied caves and elaborate underground dwellings. 1.2
Portable Shelters • Some primitive people survived by hunting, fishing, and gathering wild fruits and seeds. • These people moved frequently. 1.2
Portable Shelters • These people designed shelters to be taken apart, transported, and reassembled. • They used wood or bone; animal skins, branches, and grasses. • Examples are Native American Plains people and tepees 1.2
Still used by nomads. Nomads People who wander from place to place in search of food. Portable Shelters 1.2
Permanent Shelters • With farming, people didn’t have to move. • Selected locations with good soil and water supplies. 1.2
Permanent Shelters • Shelters built depended on available materials. • Granary was the first idea for building shelters for possessions. 1.2
Solve this problem… • Assume you must make a permanent shelter out of materials grown naturally where you live. • What will it look like? 1.2
Distinctions within Communities • Egyptian nobles and rulers • Huge, beautifully decorated palaces • Farmers • Crude, mud-brick huts • Others • Cliffs, mountainsides and hilltops for protection 1.2
Housing Gets More Comfortable • During Renaissance (Italy, 1300’s) • New technology • Growth of middle class • More leisure time • 19th Century • Homes were center of social activity 1.3
Present Housing Trends • Improved methods of construction • Homes used for relaxation, entertainment and privacy. • Community development, zoning and codes, functional interiors 1.3
Future Housing Trends • Building with imported materials • Use of manufactured materials • Better tools and methods of construction 1.4
Future Housing Trends • Green Building • Designing, building, and operating homes to use materials, energy and water efficiently. • Use of high technology • Programmable heating and cooling, new appliances, better entertainment, communication and security 1.4
Activity • In groups of two, think about some of the tasks that you perform during the average day. • Choose one task and invent a computerized system that would save time or energy and make the job more fun. • Create an advertisement for this new system and share with the class. 1.4
Major Housing Challenges Today and in the Future • Creating housing that is useful to the greatest number of people. • Finding ways to make better housing available to low and middle income people and to improve the social environment. • To conserve energy and natural resources. 1.5
Individual and Family Needs Affecting Housing Choices • Unique Needs • Artist • Family 1.6
Individual and Family Needs Affecting Housing Choices • Stage in Lifespan • Beginning, parenting, launching, aging or retirement • Special Needs • Health related • Disabilities 1.6
Housing Fulfills Many Needs (1.7) • Physical • Psychological 1.7
Housing Fulfills Many Physical Needs • Shelter • Protection from nature 1.7
Housing Fulfills Many Physical Needs • A place to sleep 1.7
A place to prepare and eat food. Keeps occupants safe from animals and people who might harm them or steal belongings. Housing Fulfills Many Physical Needs 1.7
Housing Fulfills Many Psychological Needs • Space for families and friends to live, work, and play together. • Love and belonging 1.7
Finish this sentence… • The most important room in my home is the ______________ because ______________. • Why? 1.7
Housing Fulfills Many Psychological Needs • Privacy • Identity • Creativity 1.7
Special Housing Needs • Disabled • Elderly 1.8
Special Housing Needs • Growing elderly population • May have difficulty living alone • Need housing suitable to their health-related needs • Nursing homes, assisted living and adult day care 1.8
Special Housing Needs • Disabilities • Need comfortable, efficient housing that meets their needs. • Technology is very helpful. • Universal design is very important. 1.8
Universal Design • Designing homes to fit people with a wide variety of physical needs and abilities. • Contrasting floor coverings, easy to grasp lever door handles, high mounted electrical outlets, no barriers, ramps, handrails, wide doorways, different size counters, adjustable shelves 1.8
Finish this sentence… • “From primitive times to today, housing has evolved because…”
The Decision-Making Process • State the situation. • Identify resources. • List the options. • Weigh the options. • Choose the best option. • Carry out your decision. • Evaluate the decision. 1.9
Choosing a Location for Living • Consider the type of area you want to live in. • City/Urban, rural, suburban • Consider cost of living. • Higher on East and West coasts and within and near major cities. 1.10
Choosing a Location for Living • If city, suburb, or small town is selected, a neighborhood must be chosen. • Consider convenience, condition, neighbors, transportation, etc. • Resources • Drives, local police, residents