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Sun and Sunbeds: a Public Health Risk

Sun and Sunbeds: a Public Health Risk. Global Solar UV Index. UVA and UVB. Effect of Sunscreen. Skin Types and Sensitivities. High Risk Groups. People who have skin phototypes I or II. Children (i.e., less than 18 yrs of age);

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Sun and Sunbeds: a Public Health Risk

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  1. Sun and Sunbeds: a Public Health Risk

  2. Global Solar UV Index

  3. UVA and UVB

  4. Effect of Sunscreen

  5. Skin Types and Sensitivities

  6. High Risk Groups • People who have skin phototypes I or II. Children (i.e., less than 18 yrs of age); • People who have large numbers of nevi (moles) and persons who tend to freckle; • Individuals who have a history of frequent childhood sunburn; • People who have premalignant or malignant skin lesions or sun damaged skin; • People who are wearing cosmetics or taking medications which may make them UV -sensitive.

  7. Malignant melanomas

  8. Health Risks of Sunbeds • Sun beds are designed to produce a tan mainly through UVA radiation. In the past, it was thought that UVA was a safe form of radiation and that a sun bed tan was a ‘safe’ tan. • Now we know that UVA can cause skin cancer as well as ageing the skin, and is just as damaging as sunlight.

  9. Health Risks • Some sunbeds emit levels x5 the strength of the midday sun = UVI 60 • Output levels vary considerably (study in the UK found up to a 60 fold difference). Autier

  10. The Image • Increase risk of skin cancer • Sunbeds accelerate all the effects of photo ageing in the skin: wrinkling, sagging, freckling blotchy pigments change, broken blood vessels.

  11. Sun beds AccelerateAgeing

  12. The Reality

  13. The Reality • A 13-year-old boy is recovering after sustaining severe burn blisters to his face after visiting a tanning salon three times in a day. • He spent a total of 21 minutes under the lights of the stand-up booth.

  14. Young 'tanorexics' risking cancer • A tan is an important fashion statement to many teenagers, and the term "tanorexia" has been coined by doctors • Teenagers throughout Britain are threatening their health through an addiction to sunbeds, experts have warned.

  15. Sunbed addiction left me scarred, says Denise Van Outen • Bubbly TV presenter Denise Van Outen has admitted that her face has been left scarred by sunbeds. The judge on BBC talent show I'd Do Anything said she started using the tanning beds in her teenage years and became addicted, developing what is dubbed 'tanorexia'. The 33-year-old says she now has scars on her face which she has to conceal with heavy make up. She said: "I used a sunbed when I was 18 because I didn't know the risks, but I'm paying for it now.

  16. Sunbeds (Regulation) Act 2010 Will come into force 8th April 2011 • Ban on < 18 yr olds using sunbeds. (Unless for medical treatment and under supervision) • Sunbed users MUST wear protective eyewear, which must be supplied by the sunbed operator • Sunbed operators must both provide and display comprehensive health information about the risks • Link to legislation http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2010/20/enacted

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