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Seth Price New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University October, 2006. What is Skywarn?. Provide ground truth data to the NWS Trained by the NWS: Basic, Advanced, Floods, Hurricanes, Winter Weather, etc. Volunteers from all professions.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Seth Price

New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

October, 2006

what is skywarn
What is Skywarn?
  • Provide ground truth data to the NWS
  • Trained by the NWS: Basic, Advanced, Floods, Hurricanes, Winter Weather, etc.
  • Volunteers from all professions.

Skywarn Logo1

the role of skywarn
The Role of Skywarn
  • Weather emergencies as a body:
    • Skywarn: Eyes
    • Meteorologists: Brain
    • Broadcasters: Mouth
    • Radio Operators: Nervous System
    • Emergency Personnel: Arms/Legs
  • All of these must function together!
  • Students: learn the interaction
skywarn reporting criteria
Skywarn Reporting Criteria
  • Tornadoes
  • Funnel Clouds
  • Wall Clouds
  • Hail (>3/4” diameter)
  • Wind (>55mph)
  • Rain (>2” per hour)
  • Flooding
  • Winter Weather1
getting involved
Getting Involved
  • Skywarn classes are free!
  • Check local emergency planning groups
  • Stay in touch with YOUR local NWS!
skywarn and storm chasing
Skywarn is:

Observation is the primary function

Encourages reporting from home, office, etc.

Storm Chasing is:

Forecasting is the primary function

Reporting while in pursuit

Skywarn and Storm Chasing

All Storm Chasers should be Skywarn Trained,

but not all Skywarn Spotters are Storm Chasers!

what is amateur radio
What is Amateur Radio?
  • A method of two way communication which began with Morse Code
  • Similar to Citizen’s Band (CB) except other modes are allowed
  • A large hobby made of smaller hobbies
  • Can be used to relay weather information and aid in emergency communication
amateur radio vs cell phones
Amateur Radio

No monthly bills

No network

Often monitored by emergency services

Some systems battery powered

Cell phones

No special license

“All circuits busy”

Privacy

Battery powered

Amateur Radio vs. Cell Phones
amateur radio in skywarn
Amateur Radio in Skywarn
  • A few volunteers at the NWS office
  • Volunteers at the affected area
  • A net control operator
operating procedures
Operating Procedures
  • Local radio clubs and NWS office choose frequencies
  • Net control calls a net, asks for check ins and traffic
  • Net control relays reports to NWS
necessary equipment
Necessary Equipment
  • Amateur radio license (Technician)
  • Power supply: car battery, solar panel, power line, etc.
  • FM Transceiver
  • Matching antenna
amateur radio then and now
Amateur Radio: Then and Now

“What hath God wrought?” circa 18442

Automatic Packet Reporting System circa 2004

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Skywarn volunteers provide ground truth data to the NWS
  • Ground truth must be studied carefully before reporting or issuing a warning
  • Amateur radio is one method of communicating during weather events
  • Get involved!!
acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
  • Mr. David Carroll
  • 2003-2006 Chase Crews
  • Pulaski County High School
  • Virginia Tech
  • Dr. Deidre Hirschfeld
references
References

1Basic Spotter’s Field Manual, NWS.

2www.acmi.net.au/AIC/

3http://www.icsrc.org/ICSRC/TILT/Weatherline

4“Gallery of Geology: Union County Glacier” New Mexico Geology, Vol. 26, No. 4, November 2004.

useful web info
Useful Web Info
  • www.skywarn.org
  • www.arrl.org
  • www.qrz.com
  • http://www.caps.ou.edu/~kbrews/spotfreq/
  • www.findu.com
  • www.ui-view.org
  • www.byonics.com
  • www.n3mra.com