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“Strains on National Unity”. Chapter 12 section 4. Era of Good Feelings. Federalists didn’t support the War 1812 Americans turn away from them Wherever Monroe goes he’s greeted by thousands So may New Englanders greet him Boston reports the beginning of “an Era of Good Feelings”’

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era of good feelings
Era of Good Feelings
  • Federalists didn’t support the War 1812
    • Americans turn away from them
  • Wherever Monroe goes he’s greeted by thousands
  • So may New Englanders greet him
    • Boston reports the beginning of “an Era of Good Feelings”’
  • Monroe reelected in 1820
the panic of 1819
The Panic of 1819
  • Financial panic
    • Crop prices overseas drop dramatically
    • American farmers can’t pay their debts
    • People lose their homes, farms, ad businesses
  • Ex. - Cotton which soared up to 33 cents per lb. fell to 14 cents per lb
  • Bank response – take over the property of borrowers who couldn’t pay their debt
expansion of slavery
Expansion of Slavery
  • The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
    • Set-up steps for forming new states
    • Banned slavery in the Northwest Territory
    • Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois were “free-state”
      • Free state – state where slavery is not permitted
expansion of slavery1
Expansion of Slavery

New states south of the Northwest Territory -Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama allowed slavery

1819 Missouri requested to join the Union as a slave state

missouri compromise 1820
Missouri Compromise 1820

Missouri’s request divides the nation between north and south

Henry Clay fears sectionalism would tear the nation

Sectionalism-devotion to interests of one’s own section over those of the nation as a whole.

missouri compromise1820
Missouri Compromise1820

Clay convinced Congress to pass the Missouri Compromise in 1820

Missouri joins as a slave state

Maine joins as free

Banned slavery in the Louisiana Purchase north of latitude 36 degrees 30’

South – slavery was permitted