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The Great War AKA World War I. Causes of World War I. Imperialism – the race of European Nations to establish colonies and their riches. Causes of World War I. Bitterness Over Past Wars

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The great war aka world war i

The Great WarAKA World War I

Causes of world war i
Causes of World War I

  • Imperialism – the race of European Nations to establish colonies and their riches.

Causes of world war i1
Causes of World War I

  • Bitterness Over Past Wars

    • Franco – Prussian War (1870-1871) Prussian, later Germany soundly defeat the French in this war. The provinces of Alsace and Lorraine are annexed by Germany

    • Russo-Japanese War –(1904-1905) Russian Army and Navy humiliated by the Japanese. Wants to regain respect.

    • The Balkan Wars – Balkan states such as Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece make a grab for Turkish (Ottoman Empire) territory. Austria – Hungary stops a grab by Serbia for Bosnia –Herzegovina.

Causes of world war i2
Causes of World War I

  • Nationalism – nationalistic pride that our nation is better than yours. Leads to enormous buildup of new weapons and munitions

    • Germany and Italy were newly united peoples.

    • Austria Hungary made up of many national or ethnic groups.

    • Pan Slavism –with Russia at the lead, Slavic nations would unite as an alliance.

    • Massive mobilizations

Causes of world war i3
Causes of World War I

  • Alliances

    • The Three Emperors League – Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Germany

    • The Triple Alliance – Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary

    • The Triple Entente – France, Russia, and somewhat hesitant Great Britain

The great war aka world war i

  • Militarism

  • Alliances

  • Imperialism

  • Nationalism

Causes of world war i4
Causes of World War I

  • The Spark – the assassination of Arch – Duke Ferdinand of A-H and his wife Sophia

    • In Sarajevo on June 28, 1914 by a Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princep

    • An ultimatum given to Serbia, Serbia gave in some but not enough to satisfy A-H

    • All countries start to mobilize

The outbreak
The Outbreak

  • July 28 - Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia

  • July 29 - December 9Austria-Hungary repeatedly invades Serbia but is repeatedly repulsed

  • August 1 - Outbreak of warGermany declares war on Russia

  • August 3 - Germany declares war on France

  • August 4 - Germany invades neutral Belgium

  • August 4 - Britain declares war on Germany

  • August 4 - US President Woodrow Wilson declares policy of US neutrality

The road to war2
The Road to War

  • The Sinking of the Luisitania with 128 Americans on board

  • The Sussex Pledge – Germans promised not to sink merchant ships without warning or interfere with attempts to save civilian lives

  • Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

The road to war3
The Road to War

  • The Zimmerman Note – Germany discusses unrestricted submarine warfare. Germany promises Mexico help in regaining lost territories from the united States. This was suppose to keep the U.S. out of the European war.

  • April 6, 1917 the U.S. declares war on the Central Powers ( Germany, Austria –Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire)


  • S

  • L

  • U

  • T

  • Z

New weapon s of warfare
New Weapon’s of Warfare

  • U-boats or submarines – highly effective for use in blockades

  • The machine guns- a defensive weapon that took a few men to operate, highly effective against infantry assaults

  • Zeppelins – lighter than air these balloons were used to monitor troop movements

  • Tanks – tracked armored vehicles used effectively by the British to protect their infantry

New weapon s of warfare1
New Weapon’s of Warfare

  • Chemicals – Mustard and chlorine gases. Mustard gas was a blistering agent while chlorine attacked the respiratory system

  • Airplane – first used for reconnaissance, but later machine guns mounted and led to aerial attacks – “dogfights”

  • Flamethrower – projected a stream of liquid fire for distances of several hundred feet.