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Regional review: Challenges faced by the Asia-Pacific countries. Progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). International Conference on MDGS. Manila, Philippines 21 October 2011. Content. Introduction / Background Overview of the current situation in Asia and the Pacific

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Manila, Philippines 21 October 2011


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slide1

Regional review:

Challenges faced by the Asia-Pacific countries

Progress towards

the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

International Conference on MDGS

Manila, Philippines

21 October 2011

content
Content
  • Introduction / Background
  • Overview of the current situation in Asia and the Pacific
  • Challenges by set of goals
    • Goal 1: Poverty and hunger
    • Goal 2 and 3: Education and gender parity
    • Goal 4, 5 and 6: Health
    • Goal 7: Environmental sustainability
  • Summary
introduction
Introduction
  • Since 2004, the ESCAP/ADB/UNDP has produced regional reports on the achievements of the MDGs in Asia and the Pacific
  • The progress assessments are based on the latest available data from the global database on official MDG Indicators
  • Analysis of the trends determine whether countries are on or off track

Four categories are used:

●Early achiever

On track

Off track-Slow

Off track-No progress/regressing

overview of the current situation in asia and the pacific
Overview of the current situation in Asia and the Pacific

Country situation

Regional

situation

Source: Staff calculations based on the United Nations MDG database and World Population Prospects 2010; UNESCO Institute of Statistics for the education-related indicators under Goals 2 and 3, except ‘Reaching last grade’.

overview of the current situation in asia and the pacific5
Overview of the current situation in Asia and the Pacific
  • Asia and the Pacific is generally making better progress towards the MDG targets than sub-Saharan Africa
  • But is lagging behind Latin America and the Caribbean
overview of the current situation in asia and the pacific6
Overview of the current situation in Asia and the Pacific
  • Because of its larger population size, on most indicators, the Asia-Pacific region has the greatest numbers of people affected

Millions of people

overview of the current situation in asia and the pacific7
Overview of the current situation in Asia and the Pacific
  • Disparities among countries are visible

Births attended by skilled health personnel

overview of the current situation in asia and the pacific8
Overview of the current situation in Asia and the Pacific
  • Disparities are visible

within the countries

goal 1
Goal 1
  • Halve the proportion of people living with less than $1.25 a day
    • The region is an earlier achiever in reducing by half the proportion of people living with less than US$1.25 a day
    • However, in 2009, 871 million people were living on less than USD$1.25 per day
  • Limited progress in reducing the prevalence of underweight children
    • 83 million of underweight children in 2009 in the region
  • Undernourished population in the region accounts for 16% in the period 2004-2006, representing 566 million
goals 2 and 3
Goals 2 and 3
  • In general, the region has done well in achieving universal primary education and achieving the gender parity at the three educational levels
  • Challenges:
    • Improve the quality of education:
      • Invest in infrastructure and resources
    • Improve living conditions to maintain children at school
goals 4 5 and 6
Goals 4, 5 and 6
  • Child mortality
    • 3.4 millions of under-5 children died in 2010
    • 2.6 millions of infant deaths in 2010
  • Maternal health
    • 135 thousands of mothers died in 2008
    • Only 81% of the pregnant women received antenatal care in 2010
    • Only 69% of the births were attended by a skilled health personnel
  • HIV and TB
    • 7 million of people living with HIV in 2009
    • 9 million of people infected with TB in 2009
goal 7
Goal 7
  • Forest area coverage has roughly remained the same since 1990
    • SEA experienced large declines in forest area
    • China invested in regeneration of forests
  • Between 1990 and 2005 the share of protected areas increased, but has been stable since then
  • Since 1990 the rate of carbon emissions has been growing
    • In 2008 almost half of the emission in the world were produced in this region
goal 713
Goal 7
  • Access to improved water resources and improved sanitation is essential in maintaining the health of a population
    • 466 millions without access to improved water resources in 2008
    • Proportion of people with access to improved water has increased from 73% to 88%
      • Urban: 94% to 96%
      • Rural: 62% to 82%
    • 1,863 millions without improved sanitation facilities in 2008
    • Proportion of people with access to improved sanitation has increased from 40% to 53%
      • Urban: 63% to 67%
      • Rural: 28% to 42%
summary
Summary
  • Very good regional progress in some areas
  • Uneven progress across sub-regions and between countries
  • Disparities within countries persist
  • Large scale of deprivation remains
  • Challenges to reduce hunger, improve health and services