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Puritans and Quakers. Too bad we didn’t get the Italian party boats!!. Puritan Beliefs. Predestination-fate was decided by god (idea from John Calvin) The Elect. “City on Hill…the eyes of the people are upon us”- Winthrop on Mass. Bay Colony…the beginning of “American Exceptionalism”

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puritans and quakers

Puritans and Quakers

Too bad we didn’t get the Italian party boats!!

puritan beliefs
Puritan Beliefs
  • Predestination-fate was decided by god (idea from John Calvin) The Elect.
  • “City on Hill…the eyes of the people are upon us”- Winthrop on Mass. Bay Colony…the beginning of “American Exceptionalism”
  • Education for all
  • Hard Work
  • Material Success a “sign” from god that you were among “the elect”
  • Hard work+Education+Virtuous living = Success and heavenly reward
problems with the puritans
Problems with the Puritans
  • Self-Righteousness led to double standard of “sins” for non-believers
  • Hypocricy- Uneven application of laws
  • Intolerance
  • Narrow-Mindedness
  • Scapegoating…led to Trials
  • Self-hatred “could never fully believe they were free from sin”.
  • No Fun-Dancing/music/sexuality/
lasting puritan contributions
Lasting Puritan Contributions
  • Public Schools
  • Puritan Conscience
  • Witch trials lead to reforms in church and a more rational sense of god and the devil
  • Trials Pointed to need for church/state separation
  • Trials lead to protections of the accused in modern court system
  • American Exceptionalism- Winthrop’s City on the Hill. The idea that Americans are better than others.
what caused witchcraft hysteria in 1691 6
What caused Witchcraft Hysteria in 1691-6?
  • Revocation of Colonial Charter
  • Belief in witches and warlocks
  • Famine/Crop failures before trials
  • Indian Raids
  • Smallpox epidemic-why us?
  • Shifting economic power leading to class conflict between rich and poor in village and town
  • Scapegoating
  • Conversion Hysteria
  • Magic Mushroom/Poison/Drugs/Mercury in Water
  • Acting Out”/Peer pressures
  • Sexual repression of teenage desires
effects of witch trials
Effects of Witch Trials
  • Questioning of authority of Church
  • Great Awakening
  • Increased reliance on reason and rationality
  • Puritans are called Congregationalists today
star test alert
  • For some reason the STAR test loves ….
  • The Great Awakening- A religious revival/resurgence in the colonies in the 1730-50’s. It represented a separation of church and state and a less-rigid more rational approach than, say, Salem and it’s witches. People began to question the traditional church authority.
  • The Second Great Awakening- 1790s-1830 Another revival around the time of slavery and pre- civil war. First appearance of “revival meetings” This time religious leaders morally opposed slavery. Many, less popular but significant sects formed: LDS (Mormons), Jehova’s Witnesses, Seventh Day Adventists.
quaker beliefs
Quaker Beliefs
  • Purity through intuition…not church dogma
  • Practical education
  • Pacifism
  • Avoidance of Oaths
  • Martyrdom
  • Generally poorer than Puritans
quaker faults
Quaker Faults
  • No Political Viability or power
  • Pacifism led to indian raids and exclusion from colonial acceptance
  • No institutions = No political power
contributions of quakers
Contributions of Quakers
  • Belief in absolute equality
  • Opposition to slavery
  • Tradition of open-mindedness and tolerance for different beliefs and races.
  • Quakers never really flourished, but remained a benign force for Peace and non-violence