PROGRSS REPORT EMBU. J.O.Ouma 1 , J.Oduol 1 ,F.M.Murithi 2 __________________________ 1 Regional Research Centre – Embu 2 KARI – Headquarters – Nairobi. Background to study area. 3 locations, 12 sub-locations and covers an area of 197.1 km 2 .
1Regional Research Centre – Embu
2KARI – Headquarters – Nairobi
3 locations, 12 sub-locations and covers an area of 197.1 km2 .
The study locations are Gaturi North and Ngandori .
Kianjuki and Kavutiri extension units are in Gaturi North, while Mukangu and Manyatta are in Ngandori location. The major zones are UM1 and UM2. UM1 is the coffee – tea zone.
It lies at an altitude 1590m to 1830m above sea- level and annual rainfall is between 1400mm to 1830mm. Two rainy seasons – long rains (mid March to July) and short rains (mid October to December). The Climatic conditions are favorable for coffee, tea and maize.
Upper Midland 2(UM2) is the main coffee zone).
Retracing of households, replacements and supplemental households
Implementation of surveys (module 1 part 1 and 2), data entry and cleaning and preliminary analysis
99 out of 113 households intereviewed in the baseline survey of 1998 were identified. Out of the 99 households identified, one migrated to a different location from the study area reducing the number of households traced to 98. This gives a sample attrition rate of 13.3%.
The 14 housholds that were not identified in Manyatta and Kianjuki extension units were replaced. In Kianjuki 11 households were replaced including 2 supplemental households while in Manyatta extension unit 4 households were replaced including 2 supplemental households. In Mukangu and Kavitiri extension units only supplemental households were added to the list of farmers to be interviewed.
The replaced households were randomly selected from a list of farmers generated for each sublocation by the local extension staff and sub-chiefs/sub-area .
Module 1questionnaire for long rains data 2002 was divided into two parts
Questions covered in module one part 1- household demographics, assets, livelihood and shocks
116 farmers responded
Questions in module 1 part 2 - crop production(annual), livestock inventory,input and output market and consumption expenditure
115 farmers responded
One farmer dropped out in part 2 because… ‘You are taking too much of my time and no benefit’
Data entry for module 1 part 1 and 2 is complete and data cleaning in progress
The expenditure data was entered as a separate file and data cleaning is not complete
Males - 51%
Female – 49 %
Level of education(626)
None – 16.3 %
Primary – 48.7 %
Secondary – 27.0 %
Middle level – 7 %
University – 1 %
Type of dwelling house
mud wall+thatched -0.9%
Wood wall+corrugated- 69.6 %
Stone wall+corrugated – 10.4 %Preliminary results
Yes – 80.9 %
No – 19.1 %
Major lending institution is Cooperative
Application for loan
Yes – 43.5 %
No – 56.5
Saving with formal banking inst
Yes – 74.8 %
No – 25.2 %
Average mount borrowed
Mean – 45,585.17Preliminary resultsFinancial stock
Questionnaire divided into two parts
Part 1 – food crops and perennial crop production
Part 2 – agroforestry trees production, household incomes, expenditures and investment