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PROGRSS REPORT EMBU. J.O.Ouma 1 , J.Oduol 1 ,F.M.Murithi 2 __________________________ 1 Regional Research Centre – Embu 2 KARI – Headquarters – Nairobi. Background to study area. 3 locations, 12 sub-locations and covers an area of 197.1 km 2 .

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PROGRSS REPORT EMBU


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progrss report embu

PROGRSS REPORTEMBU

J.O.Ouma1, J.Oduol1,F.M.Murithi2

__________________________

1Regional Research Centre – Embu

2KARI – Headquarters – Nairobi

background to study area

Background to study area

3 locations, 12 sub-locations and covers an area of 197.1 km2 .

The study locations are Gaturi North and Ngandori .

Kianjuki and Kavutiri extension units are in Gaturi North, while Mukangu and Manyatta are in Ngandori location. The major zones are UM1 and UM2. UM1 is the coffee – tea zone.

background cont d

Background….cont’d

It lies at an altitude 1590m to 1830m above sea- level and annual rainfall is between 1400mm to 1830mm. Two rainy seasons – long rains (mid March to July) and short rains (mid October to December). The Climatic conditions are favorable for coffee, tea and maize.

background cont d1

Background….cont’d

Upper Midland 2(UM2) is the main coffee zone).

achievements

ACHIEVEMENTS

Retracing of households, replacements and supplemental households

Implementation of surveys (module 1 part 1 and 2), data entry and cleaning and preliminary analysis

tracing households

Tracing households

99 out of 113 households intereviewed in the baseline survey of 1998 were identified. Out of the 99 households identified, one migrated to a different location from the study area reducing the number of households traced to 98. This gives a sample attrition rate of 13.3%.

tracing household cont d

Tracing household…..cont’d

The 14 housholds that were not identified in Manyatta and Kianjuki extension units were replaced. In Kianjuki 11 households were replaced including 2 supplemental households while in Manyatta extension unit 4 households were replaced including 2 supplemental households. In Mukangu and Kavitiri extension units only supplemental households were added to the list of farmers to be interviewed.

tracing households cont d

Tracing households…..cont’d

The replaced households were randomly selected from a list of farmers generated for each sublocation by the local extension staff and sub-chiefs/sub-area .

survey implementation

Survey implementation

Module 1questionnaire for long rains data 2002 was divided into two parts

Questions covered in module one part 1- household demographics, assets, livelihood and shocks

116 farmers responded

Questions in module 1 part 2 - crop production(annual), livestock inventory,input and output market and consumption expenditure

115 farmers responded

One farmer dropped out in part 2 because… ‘You are taking too much of my time and no benefit’

survey data entry

Survey data entry

Data entry for module 1 part 1 and 2 is complete and data cleaning in progress

The expenditure data was entered as a separate file and data cleaning is not complete

preliminary results
Gender of household(627 responses)

Males - 51%

Female – 49 %

Level of education(626)

None – 16.3 %

Primary – 48.7 %

Secondary – 27.0 %

Middle level – 7 %

University – 1 %

Type of dwelling house

mud wall+thatched -0.9%

mud wall+corrugated-19.1%

Wood wall+corrugated- 69.6 %

Stone wall+corrugated – 10.4 %

Preliminary results
preliminary results cont d
Source of energy

_____

Firewood- 67 %

Firewood +kerosene – 17.4 %

Firewood+charcoal – 12.2%

Firewood+solar – 0.9 %

Firewood+kerosene+gas – 2.6%

Source of water

________

Tap – 54.4 %

River/stream – 22.8%

Borehole – 0.9 %

Tap + river – 21.1 %

Borehole +river – 0.9 %

Preliminary results…cont’d
preliminary results cont d land allocation
Preliminary results….cont’dLand allocation

________

  • Maize 0.42 ha
  • Beans 0.21 ha
  • Irish potatoes 0.10 ha
  • Others 0.29 ha

___________

preliminary results financial stock
Access to lending inst.

Yes – 80.9 %

No – 19.1 %

______________

Major lending institution is Cooperative

________________

Application for loan

Yes – 43.5 %

No – 56.5

Saving with formal banking inst

Yes – 74.8 %

No – 25.2 %

_______________

Average mount borrowed

KSH 2000-320,000

Mean – 45,585.17

Preliminary resultsFinancial stock
survey implementation module 2

Survey implementation – Module 2

Pre-testing done

Questionnaire divided into two parts

Part 1 – food crops and perennial crop production

Part 2 – agroforestry trees production, household incomes, expenditures and investment