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Medications and flying. Lt Col John E. Henderson, CAP NREMT-Paramedic - Mission Check Pilot Lt Col Jett Mayhew NHQ DDRO. How to deal with the common cold. Stay home and rest! Don’t smoke and avoid 2nd hand smoke Drink plenty of fluids (water, juices, clear soups) NO ALCOHOL!

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medications and flying
Medications and flying

Lt Col John E. Henderson, CAP

NREMT-Paramedic - Mission Check Pilot

Lt Col Jett Mayhew NHQ DDRO

how to deal with the common cold
How to deal with the common cold
  • Stay home and rest!
  • Don’t smoke and avoid 2nd hand smoke
  • Drink plenty of fluids (water, juices, clear soups)
  • NO ALCOHOL!
  • Gargle with warm salt water to relieve a sore throat. Throat Sprays or Lozenges.
  • Salt Water nose drops to loosen mucus and moisten tender skin in the nose
what does otc mean
What does OTC mean?
  • OTC = Over the Counter
    • No prescription required by physician
  • Four common types
    • Pain Relievers
    • Antihistamines
    • Decongestants
    • Cough Medicines
how to read an otc drug label
How to read an OTC drug label
  • Active Ingredient(Relieves your symptoms)
  • Uses (Approved by FDA)
  • Warnings(What to avoid while on this Rx)
  • Directions(How much to take and when)
  • Other Information(How to store product)
  • Inactive Ingredients(Non active ingredients)
  • Questions or comments(Toll Free Phone #)
pain relievers
Pain Relievers
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID’s)
    • Works in the Skin, Muscles, and Joints
      • Aspirin(Bayer, St. Joseph’s)
      • Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB)
      • Naproxen (Aleve)
      • Ketoprofen(Orudis KT)
  • Acetaminophen
    • Blocks painful stimulation in the brain and spinal cord
      • (Tylenol, Tempra)
antihistamines
Antihistamines
  • Block receptors that trigger itching, nasal irritation, sneezing and mucus production.
    • Types:
      • Diphenhydramine (Banophen, Benadryl, Diphenhist)
      • Brompheniramine (Dimetapp)
      • Chlorpheniramine (Aller-Chlor, Chlor-Trimeton)
decongestants
Decongestants
  • How do decongestants work?
    • Narrow the blood vessels in the lining of the nose.
    • Less amount of blood is able to flow through the nasal area
    • Swollen tissue in the nose shrinks
  • Pseudoephedrine
    • (Allermed, Genaphed, and Sudafed)
cough medicines
Cough Medicines
  • Antitussives
    • Block the cough reflex
      • Dextromethorphan(Delsym, Drixoral, Pertussin CS, Robitussin Pediatric)
  • Expectorants
    • Thin mucus, make coughing more productive in cleaning mucus from the airway
      • Guaifenesin(Guiatuss, Robitussin, Tusibron)
side effects of aspirin and nsaid s
Side Effects of Aspirin and NSAID’s
  • GI Problems
    • Can range from upset stomach to GI bleeding
    • Mostly affects the older population
    • Chances increase with larger doses
  • Kidney damage
  • High blood Pressure
  • Liver damage
  • GI Problems
    • Can range from upset stomach to GI bleeding
    • Mostly affects the older population
    • Chances increase with larger doses
  • Kidney damage
  • High blood Pressure
  • Liver damage
side effects of acetaminophen
Side Effects of Acetaminophen
  • Long term users = kidney disease
  • Analgesic nephropathy
    • Chronic kidney disease that gradually leads to end-stage renal disease and the need for permanent dialysis or a kidney transplant to restore renal function.
    • After years or decades of use
side effects of antihistamines
Side Effects of Antihistamines
  • Sedation or Drowsiness
  • Increases the risk of falling
  • Temporary dry mouth or eyes
side effects of decongestants
Side Effects of Decongestants
  • Nervousness
  • Dizziness
  • Sleeplessness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Retention of urine
  • Heart Palpitations
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Blood Sugar Levels
side effects of cough medicine
Side Effects of Cough Medicine
  • With codeine
    • Nausea
    • Sedation
    • Constipation
  • With dextromethorphan (Drixoral, Pertussin, and Robitussin)
    • Lower risks of sedation and GI effects
    • Feelings of confusion, agitation, nervousness, and irritability
drug interaction
Drug Interaction
  • All drugs are metabolized differently
  • Drugs can have greater impacts on the body if mixed with other drugs
  • Always seek medical advice if taking multiple medications
alcohol
Alcohol
  • Alcohol will increase chances for:
    • GI Bleeding
  • Alcohol will increase effects of:
    • Drowsiness
    • Impaired motor skills
    • Sedation
faa medications
FAA Medications
  • www.aopa.org/members/databases/medical/druglist.cfm
  • What is allowed by the FAA!
faa medications1
FAA Medications

DO NOT ANSWER OUT LOUD!!!

How many of you have taken benadryl due to a cold?

That is not allowed by the FAA!!

STOP AND THINK THE LIFE YOU SAVE MAY BE YOU AND YOUR CREW