Albert Bandura’s. Social Cognitive Learning Theory: Self Efficacy Expectations. Bandra’s Childhood. Born on December 4, 1925 in Alberta, Canada Had 5 older sisters Parents emigrated to Canada from Poland and the Ukraine and worked hard to provide for their family
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Social Cognitive Learning Theory:
Self Efficacy Expectations
About 1934 (9 years old)
Bandura on his education: The content of most textbooks is perishable, but the tools of self-directedness serve one over time.
College graduation: 1949 (24 years old)
Bandura with his grandchildren in 1996
Perceived self-efficacy is concerned not with the number of skills you have, but with what you believe you can do with what you have under a variety of circumstances.
Bandura, Albert. Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. USA: W.H. Freeman and Co, 1997.
Self-efficacy expectation:an individual’s judgment of his capability to organize and execute courses of action required to attain designated types of performances
1. Actual performance (also called mastery experience or performance accomplishments): our past personal experiences in the same type of activity or task. “I made it to the top of that mountain, so I can get to the top of this one, too.”
2. Vicarious experiences: Derived from watching others perform the same or similar actions. “If he can do it, I can do it.”
3. Verbal persuasion: Someone persuades us we can perform a task. “The teacher told me that if I study hard I can get an A on this test!”
4. Physiological cues (also called emotional arousal): Bodily cues. “My adrenaline is pumping- it’s going to be a great race.”
We measured self-efficacy expectations by asking the kids to predict how many free throws they would make out of 10
Average change after watching model: +.5
Average change between actual performance and 3rd prediction: + 1.25
Average change between 1st and 3rd prediction: 2
Average change after watching model: -.4
Average change between actual performance and 3rd prediction: + .83
Average change between 1st and 3rd prediction: 2.4
Average change after pep talk: +.75
Average change between actual performance and 3rd prediction: +2.25
Average change between 1st and 3rd prediction: .5
Average change after negative talk: -.75
Average change between actual performance and 3rd prediction: +.5
Average change between 1st and 3rd prediction: 1
Students who develop a strong sense of self-efficacy are well equipped to educate themselves when they have to rely on their own initiative.
- Albert Bandura
Beliefs concerning one’s capabilities are influential determinants of the vocational life paths that are chosen