Unit IV- The Antebellum Period. Part One: Manifest Destiny. Manifest Destiny The idea the Americans would expand to the Pacific Ocean started with Thomas Jefferson ( Lewis and Clark expedition) Americans believed their movement westward and southward was destined and ordained by God
What do you see in the picture?
Mexico offered land grants to Americans settlers, but cultural conflicts eventually led to Texas rebelling against the Mexican government to gain its independence.
Tension between Mexico and Americans living in TX grew over cultural differences and slavery
The issue of slavery dominated U.S. politics in the 1850s.
New Mexico and Texas border dispute settled in favor of New Mexico, but Texas received debts paid by federal government
Main Idea – In the mid-1850s, the issue of slavery and other factors split political parties and led to the birth of new ones, including the Republican Party.
Main Idea –A series of controversial events heightened the sectional conflict that brought the nation to the brink of civil war.
Now that we have discussed all the events leading to the Civil War, what is the main cause of the Civil War and why?
Main Idea –The secession crisis ultimately resulted in the American Civil War between the North and the South from 1861-1865.
The Civil War’s Greatest Myth
Ft. Sumter (http://video.pbs.org/video/1832507650/)
Choosing Sides: Lee http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wsW5GHRR02k&feature=related)
• Union navy would blockade southern ports to prevent trade
• Union would take control of the Mississippi River, cutting the Confederacy into two parts
• Union armies would capture Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia
• Most difficult objective due to the leadership of Robert E. Lee-Confederate commander of the Army of Northern Virginia who opposed secession but felt loyalty to his home state of Virginia
Main Idea –The Civil War brought about dramatic social and economic changes in American society. Key Northern victories such as Vicksburg and Gettysburg helped the Union wear down the Confederacy. The North’s eventual win in the Civil War preserved the Union.
Battle of Gettysburg
•Secession no longer an option for states
•Based on business, manufacturing and industrial growth
•Railroads were built in increasing numbers
•Transcontinental Railroad (from East to West) was completed by 1869
•Slavery was abolished, eliminating the #1 labor source in agriculture
•Many cities were destroyed –including Richmond and Atlanta
•Most railroads and many farms were destroyed
•Confederate money was worthless