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Swedish Coast Guard Sea Surveillance Mission

Swedish Coast Guard Sea Surveillance Mission

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Swedish Coast Guard Sea Surveillance Mission

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  1. Swedish Coast Guard Sea Surveillance Mission Baltic Master 2005-11-08 Lennart Dreier, Swedish Coast Guard

  2. Assignment by the Swedish Government Swedish Coast Guard Assigned to coordinate andcollect civil maritime information from 10 Swedish government authorities, to aggregate & compile the collected information and to distributethe ”resulting” information back to users at the same Swedish government authorities. In order to support the SCG with its assignment an advisory board is established chaired by the Director of SCG and with delegates from the participating authorities. Swedish Armed Forces Assigned to collect, correlate and enhance available Maritime Target/Object real time data for objects along the Swedish coast and to provide this data (compiled for civil applications) to the SCG as part of the input of civil maritime information.

  3. The Mission has the following objectives • Improved coordination of information gathering and intelligence activities • Serve the common needs of collecting, aggregate & coordinate Sea Surveillance information today and to continue to develop this functionality to meet future needs. • The Swedish government authorities participating shall have a role in the establishment of requirements on the information flow and systems to be established to fulfill the mission. • The mission shall be carried out with the present authorities structure and shall not require any change in the structure or task of these organizations. • Information available in an authority's internal system shall be made available to other authorities through one system in order to avoid development of numerous systems for information sharing between the authorities.

  4. Mission “output” • SMIC, Swedish Maritime Intelligence Center, Jointly established and operated by The Swedish Customs, the Swedish Police and the Swedish Coast Guard. • SMC, Swedish Maritime Clearance, center for reception of Notifications in Advance required by the Schengen agreement and ship security, operated by the Swedish Coast Guard. • FKC, Fishery (surveillance) Competence Center, Jointly established and operated by National Board of Fisheries and The Swedish Coast Guard. • SJÖBASIS, “Maritime Authorities Information System”, Information System defined in cooperation between participating authorities, Swedish Coast Guard is responsible for the development and operation of the system.

  5. SJÖBASIS Participating Authorities and System Boundaries National Board of Fisheries, National Police Board, Swedish Armed Forces,Swedish Coast Guard, Swedish Customs, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Swedish Maritime Administration, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Swedish Rescue Services Agency, The Geological Survey of Sweden. SJÖBASIS • Is aimed for users within Swedish Authorities listed above only • Provides national and international maritime information • Is based on information gathered by participating Authorities • User Access to data is controlled by law plus operational need • No change in Authorities organization nor tasks

  6. Maritime Target/object real time data sources • Coastal radar stations network • Swedish AIS coast stations network • Helcom AIS • Swedish Coast Guard Air Units • VMS transponders (Vessel Monitoring system) • Cameras • Observations • Satellite Images

  7. SJÖBASIS Maritime Target/Object real-time data Maritime Target/Object real-time data Swedish Armed Forces SJÖBASIS Agreegated Maritime object real-time data SJÖBASIS Users Primary Source Manual Observations AIS Swedish AIS Network Swedish Maritime Administration Real Time HELCOM AIS Swedish Maritime Administration Replay VMS National Board of Fisheries

  8. Maritime target/object real time data definition • Exampels of parameters (similar to AIS) : • Position • Time for Position Valid • Heading • Course over Ground • Speed over Ground • Identity (eg. MMSI , IMO-Number, …) • Call Sign • Type of Object ( Tanker, Tugboat, …Container…Timber….etc) • Data Source (Navy, UAIS, VMS, Observation) • Quality information(e.g. sensor type, accuracy) • ETA/ ETD • Activity (e.g. fishing, at anchor, drifting etc.)

  9. Typical radar performance

  10. AIS, Automatic Identification System

  11. AIS • AIS = UAIS, Universal Automatic Identification System • Carriage Requirement according to IMO SOLAS (Safety Of Life At Sea) Regulations • Basic functionality is to provide situational awareness to the officer in charge on the vessels bridge. • AIS is an excellent complement to the vessels bridge radar equipment. • AIS cannot replace the radar tracking function • Sea surveillance systems gets major benefits from the AIS • AIS provides automatic object data to radar tracks on board and in surveillance systems • Frees operator time to focus on objects that’s “interesting” (i.e. not carrying a AIS transponder)

  12. AIS Automatic Identification System On board carriage requirement 1 July 2004

  13. HELCOM EWG AIS for National competent authorities 1. Pollution combating 2. Contingency planning 3. International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) 4. SAR MRCC 5. VTS centers 6. Traffic management 7. Paris MOU (Port state control) Monitor and compare against banned ships. 8. EU HAZMAT reporting requirement Mandatory reporting system 9. Ice Breaker Service Ice Breakers 10. Port Authorities

  14. AIS Coverage The Map shows the AIS coast station network coverage. Swedish Coast Guard airborne units provides extended AIS coverage.

  15. VMS Sweden VMS i Sverige

  16. Remote control cameras by the Navy and the Coast Guard See 6000 meters > 1 meter letters Survey- and detail cameras Infra-red camera

  17. Examples of civil maritime information (in addition to target/object real-time data) • Sea Track Web (Oil spill drift analysis tool) • Image databases • Mission Plans • Resource data • Rescue Support Information databases • ++++ • Extern info: • Lloyds Register • SIRENAC • Nautical Charts • Additional map info i.e. • Natural reservations, protected areas, fishery zones • Approvals for R&D Vessels • Notifications In Advance • Ship registers • Crew registers • Intelligence – Tull/Polis/KBV • Fishing Vessels Register • Dangerous goods information • Weather data & Forecasts

  18. System for exchange of Maritime information • Swedish Maritime Administration • Ship Reporting System (FRS) • ” Notification in Advance • Dangerous Goods (Fargos) • Pilot orders • Maritime Rescue Coordination Center • Ship Register • Swedish Armed Forces • Maritime Target/Object real time data • Ship Register SJÖBASIS • National police Board • Intelligence data base • Stolen ships/boats Communication Collection, Coordination & distribution of real time target and supporting data • National Board of Fisheries • Vessel Monitoring Syst. VMS • Professional fishing license reg. • Vessel permit register. • The Geological Survey of Sweden • Permissions for exploitation of natural resources • Sea bed properties database Map engine Adds Map layers for Graphical user interface Compilation &Selection engine Combines and enhance data received from external sources and generates higher level data. Selects and provides data to users pending access rights and mission need. Swedish Customs Notification in Advance Authorization to call at a non customs seaport register Intelligence database • Swedish Coast Guard Swedish Maritime Clearance • Schengen Notification • Ship Inspections • Information and decisions- support system ”KIBS” • Swedish Metrological and Hydrological Institute • Weather information • Weather Prognosis • ”SeatrackWeb”Oil spill Drift Tool • Swedish Environmental Protection Agency • ”VIC-Natura” Natural Resources and Reservations Environmental database Access Administration Controls and secures that data access only is granted appropriate users • Swedish Rescue Service Agency • Dangerous Goods data • Decision Support system ”RIB & Web-RIB”

  19. SJÖBASIS Maritime target and authority mission supporting information flow UAIS data Universal Automatic Identification System VMS data Vessel Monitoring System Radar 1. Collects, correlate and enhance Maritime Real time Target/ Object Data Observations from ships/shore/and airplanes 1 Civilian Authorities 4 Swedish Armed Forces /the Navy 5 3 2 3. Provides additional maritime information 2. Provides the Real time Maritime target data 5. Receives the aggregated Maritime data and Map information using various tools and filters SJÖBASIS 4. Compiles the Aggregated Maritime information and provides User tools

  20. Information flow - SAR and Spill rescue

  21. Traditional system for exchange of data • Large number of connections for each system • System administration workload is not optimized • Complexity increases very fast when additional systems/ connections are added Kustbevakning Tull Polis Försvarsmakten Sjöfartsverket

  22. Target system for exchange of data • One external connection for each connected system • Centralized development and administration (controllable) • Provides scalability ! This principle will of coarse always be complemented by direct communication between Authorities !

  23. Swedish Goverment Secure Internet SGSI • SJÖBASIS uses SGSI. • SGSI is an “Intranet” between Swedish Authorities • with possibility to connect to Eurodomain • Includes security solutions i.e. Firewalls

  24. Swedish Government Secure Internet, SGSI In operation since 2004

  25. Acces rights Selection Engine Illustration of system concept N Ö S V F KBV FM NV Polis Tull SjöV FiV SGU SMHI SJÖBASIS

  26. SJÖBASIS System User access via Web-browser clients (Thin AND/OR Rich) and mobile clients Authorities internal information system SJÖBASIS Application Server Communications engine Databaseengine Map engine

  27. How will SJÖBASIS support users in the carrying out their tasks SJÖBASIS selects data and presents the data automatically on top of a map based on the needs of the authority and specific user

  28. How will SJÖBASIS support users in the carrying out their tasks • The Map content can be dynamically controlled by the users, i.e. additional map layers can be ordered. • Conflicting data will be flagged. I.e. if the information contained in the Notification In Advance given to the Swedish Maritime Clearance and other sources is not consistent (i.e. ETA) this will be flagged. • Planning of operations will benefit by automatic access to information held all the participating authorities system. • Planning of joint operations between authorities will benefit from SJÖBASIS.

  29. How will SJÖBASIS support users in the carrying out their tasks • SJÖBASIS provides the user with capability to run a ”Replay” on the recorded target/object real-time data( Input parameters is Start Time, Stop Time, Area and/or Vessels, +++). • A found oil spill can be analyzed by the SeaTrackWeb tool, the output will be a forecast of the expected future drift and also a theoretical initial spill-area is calculated. This information can be used together with the replay of recorded target/object data to identify possible vessels that caused the spill for control. SeaTrackWeb can also be used to forecast the position of a “Man Over Board”. • The system will generate reports and statistics ordered/defined by the users • Intelligence data matches with other data can be automatically flagged and alarmed to appropriate users.

  30. Spåra avsiktliga oljeutsläpp Flygspaning med radar Oljedriftprognos Sjölägesinformation

  31. Calculate the “environmental load” for specific areas Vessel Emission data Statistical report …………. …………… SJÖBASIS Target/object real-time data

  32. How will SJÖBASIS support users in the carrying out their tasks The User will have tools to for instance define rules (combinations of data) for ”alarm” criteria's. These alarm rules can be set to operate continuously on the SJÖBASIS data (i.e. regardless if the user is logged on to the system). Examples: Criteria 1 = a Vessel approaches a port that is different from the destination port stated in NIA Criteria 2 = a Vessel of a certain type (or id) has rendezvous with vessel of a certain type (or id) at sea Criteria 3 = a Vessels track is outside of a fairway When the alarm criteria goes “True” an alarm is generated “as specified” i.e. an SMS is sent to the user, an email is sent to the user or both. Now the user decides if further actions shall be taken i.e. log on to SJÖBASIS to study the situation further.

  33. 70 sek. presentation SJÖBASIS border control flow Schengen administrative control Risk & analysis function • Target/object real-time data • AIS • VMS • Radar Customs SJÖBASIS Swedish Maritime Adm. Vessel X Swedish Coast Guard ships and aircarfts • Border Control unit initial info • One Crew member refused to enter Sweden • Vessel X departs with destination Ystad Vessel X Authority Belgium

  34. SJÖBASIS Implementation Plan • Development started 2005-08-15 • Level 1 enters into operation 2007-04-01 • Level 2 planned start of operation mid 2008 • Level 3 and onwards yearly updates expected • Questions ?