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Good Afternoon!. NVC Complete Opium War activity China’s “Century of Humiliation” Essential Question : Why did Great Britain fight the first Opium War? Homework : Study for Test on FRIDAY!. Why did Britain fight the Opium War?. Opium War Debrief.

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Good afternoon
Good Afternoon!

  • NVC

  • Complete Opium War activity

  • China’s “Century of Humiliation”

    Essential Question: Why did Great Britain fight the first Opium War?

    Homework: Study for Test on FRIDAY!

Opium war debrief
Opium War Debrief

  • Knowing that Great Britain did fight the first Opium War against China, why do you think Parliament found Macaulay’s speech more convincing than Gladstone’s?

  • Do you think there were any other factors or motives at play that led Britain to go to war with China? What might those be?

  • In his speech, William Gladstone called the Opium War one of the most unjust wars ever fought? Do you agree?

The century of humiliation
The Century of Humiliation

  • Treaty of Nanking: result of the Opium War

    • extraterritorial rights: Europeans do not have to follow Chinese laws

  • Taiping Rebellion: massive uprising led by a Christian seeking to overthrow Qing Dynasty

    • 20+ million dead

  • Open Door Policy: Imperialist nations have free access to China’s resources

    • Result of several imperialist wars

    • China now completely dominated by foreign powers

Rise of chinese nationalism
Rise of Chinese Nationalism

  • 1898 Chinese frustrated and Qing Dynasty doing nothing to reform

  • 1900 Boxer Rebellion

    • “Boxers”: Poor peasants and workers angry at Europeans and foreign influence

    • Rebellion crushed, but viewed as heroes

  • Sun Yat-sen: “The Father of the Nation”

    • “Three Principles of the People”: Nationalism, Democracy, and the people’s livelihood

    • 1911 revolution overthrows Qing Dynasty  Republic of China created