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Good Afternoon!. NVC Complete Opium War activity China’s “Century of Humiliation” Essential Question : Why did Great Britain fight the first Opium War? Homework : Study for Test on FRIDAY!. Why did Britain fight the Opium War?. Opium War Debrief.

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good afternoon
Good Afternoon!
  • NVC
  • Complete Opium War activity
  • China’s “Century of Humiliation”

Essential Question: Why did Great Britain fight the first Opium War?

Homework: Study for Test on FRIDAY!

opium war debrief
Opium War Debrief
  • Knowing that Great Britain did fight the first Opium War against China, why do you think Parliament found Macaulay’s speech more convincing than Gladstone’s?
  • Do you think there were any other factors or motives at play that led Britain to go to war with China? What might those be?
  • In his speech, William Gladstone called the Opium War one of the most unjust wars ever fought? Do you agree?
the century of humiliation
The Century of Humiliation
  • Treaty of Nanking: result of the Opium War
    • extraterritorial rights: Europeans do not have to follow Chinese laws
  • Taiping Rebellion: massive uprising led by a Christian seeking to overthrow Qing Dynasty
    • 20+ million dead
  • Open Door Policy: Imperialist nations have free access to China’s resources
    • Result of several imperialist wars
    • China now completely dominated by foreign powers
rise of chinese nationalism
Rise of Chinese Nationalism
  • 1898 Chinese frustrated and Qing Dynasty doing nothing to reform
  • 1900 Boxer Rebellion
    • “Boxers”: Poor peasants and workers angry at Europeans and foreign influence
    • Rebellion crushed, but viewed as heroes
  • Sun Yat-sen: “The Father of the Nation”
    • “Three Principles of the People”: Nationalism, Democracy, and the people’s livelihood
    • 1911 revolution overthrows Qing Dynasty  Republic of China created