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Hitler’s Rise to Power

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Hitler’s Rise to Power. What was Hitler’s Early Life Like. Born to Alois and Klara Hitler in Austria. Mother dies - Hitler blames her Jewish doctor for her death. Wanted to be an artist – not accepted into the Vienna Academy of Art Paternal Grandfather - Jewish. Hitler’s Paintings.

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what was hitler s early life like
What was Hitler’s Early Life Like
  • Born to Alois and Klara Hitler in Austria.
  • Mother dies - Hitler blames her Jewish doctor for her death.
  • Wanted to be an artist – not accepted into the Vienna Academy of Art
  • Paternal Grandfather - Jewish
how did wwi influence hitler
How did WWI Influence Hitler?
  • He served in German Army:
    • wounded and received two Iron Crosses for bravery.
    • First success in his life
  • Blamed Germany’s defeat on Jews, Communists, and “November Criminals” - signers of TOV
why did hitler join the german workers party
Why did Hitler Join the German Workers Party?
  • Army Sent Hitler to investigate in 1919.
  • Gave a speech denouncing the TOV, Jews and Communists
  • Asked to Join
what is the nazi party
What is the NAZI Party?
  • German Workers Party changed to National Socialist German Workers Party - “NAZI” Party
  • Fascist beliefs
  • Drafted a platform of 25 points
  • Swastika – ancient symbol meaning good luck
what was the beer hall putsch
What was the Beer Hall Putsch?
  • October 30, 1923
  • Failed NAZI Party Revolution- Hitler imprisoned
what is mein kampf
What is Mein Kampf?
  • “Mein Kampf” = “My Struggle”
  • Blueprint for Germany’s future

1. Racism - hatred for Jews

2. Lebensraum (living space) expansion of Germany’s border

3. World Domination

what problems did germany s government have after wwi
What Problems did Germany’s government have after WWI?
  • Weimar Republic – democracy established after WWI
    • Faced Political opposition from
      • communist
      • fascists
what economic problems did the weimar republic have after wwi
What economic problems did the Weimar Republic have after WWI?
  • Reparations – repayments for war damages to Allies
    • Caused:
      • High Unemployment
      • Starvation
      • Desperation….
what is hyperinflation
What is Hyperinflation?

US German

  • Jan 1918 $1 = $5.21
  • Jan 1922 $1 = $191.81
  • Jan 1923 $1 = $17, 972
  • Dec 1923 $1 = $4.2 T

Hyperinflation - soaring inflation

(increase in prices due to too much money and too few goods)

what did hitler offer to the german people
What did Hitler offer to the German people?
  • Promises, Promises
    • Nationalists - Restore Germany to Greatness
    • Wealthy Industrialist – stop communism
    • Workers – end unemployment
  • Blamed Others for Germany’s Problems
    • Jews
    • November Criminals
    • Weimar Republic
  • Excellent Speaker
how does hitler become chancellor
How does Hitler become Chancellor?
  • “Brownshirts”– Hitler’s private army
    • used fear tactics to eliminate opposition
  • Used speeches and propaganda to gain support
  • Nazi Party gains votes in Reichtag (German Legislature):
    • 1930 = 18% of vote
    • 1932 = 37% of vote
  • Hitler appointed Chancellor (Prime Minister) in 1933
how did hitler gain total power
How did Hitler Gain Total Power?
  • “Reichstag fire” - blamed on communists
  • Ended democracy in Germany
what actions did hitler take as der furher the leader
What actions did Hitler take as Der Furher – The Leader?
  • Ignored the TOV
    • Rebuilt Army & Opened Weapons Factories
    • Stopped reparations payments
  • Economy improved
    • New Jobs - military sector
    • Decreased unemployment
  • Eliminated political opposition
  • Began planning for expansion of the Third Reich (Third Empire)
what was the jewish problem
What was the Jewish Problem?
  • Hitler’s belief that Aryan German’s were the “Master Race” – blond hair, blue eyes, strong and disciplined
  • Blamed Germany’s problems on the Jewish
  • Racism and propaganda used to create distrust and hatred against Jews and non-Aryans.
what actions did hitler take to solve the jewish problem
What actions did Hitler take to solve the “Jewish Problem”
  • 1935 Nuremburg Laws
    • Stipped Jews of Citizenship
    • Can’t Hold Public Office
    • Barred From Schools
    • Boycott Jewish Businesses
    • Banned non-Jews from marriage to Jews
  • 1938 Kristallnacht
    • Jews attacked on streets
    • Jewish businesses vandalized
    • Burned Synagogues
    • Many Jews shot or sent to prison camps
formative
Formative

1.

  • Name and explain three ways Hitler gained control of Germany
  • Name 3 problems Germany had after WWI
italy problems after wwi
ItalyProblems After WWI
  • 460,000 Soldiers killed
  • Heavy debt
  • Dissatisfaction with TOV - Britain and France didn’t give Italy the land they promised in the Treaty of London
  • Governments were coalitions that couldn’t make decisions
problems continue
Problems Continue
  • Value of lira declined
  • Price of bread rose
  • Shortage of Coal
  • Rising unemployment let to unrest in cities
  • Peasants seize lands
mussolini gains power
Mussolini Gains Power
  • Promises to solve Italy’s problems
  • Something for everyone:
    • Nationalists – recreate the Roman Empire
    • Landowners – protect private property
    • Workers – full unemployment
  • Blackshirts
    • Mussolin’s Followers
    • Used Force to gain power
march on rome 1922
March on Rome1922
  • “Either the government will be given to us or we shall seize it by marching on Rome”
  • 20,000 Blackshirts in a planned Coup d’etat
  • King Victor Emmanuel fears Civil War - names Mussolini Prime Minister
il duce the leader
“Il Duce” – The Leader
  • Solved Unemployment Problem
  • Restored Patriotism and Nationalism
  • Recaptured Italy’s Greatness
  • “Made the Trains Run on Time
  • Limited Individual Freedoms
what problems did japan have after wwi
What Problems did Japan have after WWI?
  • Weak Constitutional Monarchy
  • Conflicts with west over immigration policies and TOV/LON
  • Population Explosion
    • 35M to 60 M
    • Need land for farming and living space
  • Industrial Revolution = need for more raw materials
  • Economic Problems due to Great Depression
what type of government evolved in japan
What type of government evolved in Japan?
  • Civilian government had no control over military
  • Militarism influenced all aspects of society
  • Military gradually gains control of the government
      • Hirohito figurehead
      • Tojo as Military General and Leader of Japan
what were japan s military and nationalist goals
What were Japan’s Military and Nationalist Goals?
  • Solve Countries Problems through foreign expansion
  • Pacific empire rich in raw materials and living space
  • Begin in 1931 – Invasion of Manchuria

1931 Attack on Manchuria

formative1
Formative
  • What problems did Japan have after WWI?
  • Which group in Japan gained political power after WWI?
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