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The Scottish Accent. The History of Scottish. Scottish English is the result of language contact between Scots and English after the 17th century. The resulting shift to English by Scots-speakers resulted in many phonological compromises and lexical transfers.

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the history of scottish
The History of Scottish
  • Scottish English is the result of language contact between Scots and English after the 17th century. The resulting shift to English by Scots-speakers resulted in many phonological compromises and lexical transfers.
  • The borders between Scotland and England were continually shifting and the Scottish population was a mix of Scots, Picts (inhabitants of the east side as far south as the Firth of Forth, just north of Edinburgh), Strathclyde Britons, Norsemen (Norwegians) and Anglo-Saxons. At this time Scotland, as we know it today, was divided into five parts. There was one part that belonged to England (with English speakers), a Norwegian colony (Norse speaking) and three Celtic kingdoms (each with their own language).
scottish lexis
Scottish Lexis
  • Some general terms are outwith, meaning outside of; pinkie for little finger; doubt meaning to think or suspect; and wee, the Scots word for small. Additionally, correct is often preferred to right (meaning "morally right" or "just") when the speaker means "factually accurate".
  • Culturally specific items like caber, haggis, and landward for rural.
  • There is a wide range of legal and administrative vocabulary inherited from Scots, e.g., depute /ˈdɛpjuːt/ for deputy, proven /ˈproːvən/ for proved, and sheriff substitute for acting sheriff.
common scottish dialect
Common Scottish Dialect
  • Some examples of common Scottish dialect are as follows:
  • ‘Keek’, in SE means ‘look’, and ‘ken’ is the Scottish word for ‘know’.
  • Gi yer friends a gas: give your friends so much enjoyment they're gasping for breath.
scottish vowel length
Scottish Vowel Length
  • One main feature of Scottish is the extended length of vowel

Sounds.

  • The sounds [ə], [ɪ], [ʌ], [ɛ] and [a] are usually short.
  • Whereas [e], [i], [o], [u] and [ø] are usually long, but only in certain situations:
    • in stressed syllables before [v], [ð], [z], [ʒ] and [r].
    • before another vowel and
    • before a morpheme boundary.
  • [ɑ], [ɒ] and [ɔ] are usually long in most dialects.
  • The diphthong [əi] usually occurs in short environments and [aɪ] in the long environments described above.