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Eastern Europe (650-1450)

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Eastern Europe (650-1450). Empire. Byzantine Empire 330-1453 capital of Constantinople Emperors ruled the eastern Mediterranean and northern Africa Fought to secure borders from Muslim Empire. Politics. Byzantine Religion based Delegation of responsibility Bureaucrats Military leaders

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empire
Empire

Byzantine Empire 330-1453

  • capital of Constantinople
  • Emperors ruled the eastern Mediterranean and northern Africa
  • Fought to secure borders from Muslim Empire
politics
Politics

Byzantine

  • Religion based
  • Delegation of responsibility
    • Bureaucrats
    • Military leaders
  • 6th century Justinian rule
    • codify Roman law
    • Tried to recreate Roman Empire
economy
Economy

Byzantine empire

  • Lower Danube region was the breadbasket of the empire
  • Global trade
    • Merchants respected
  • Emperors controlled the economy
    • Prevented wealthy from seizing peasant lands
    • Wealthy could buy exemptions from taxes
  • Monopolized silk production
global trade
Global Trade

Byzantine empire

  • Most important western terminal of the Silk Road

Russia

  • Hanseatic League: trade monopoly established along Northern Europe
social class gender
Social/Class/Gender

Byzantine

  • Serfdom began in Middle Age
  • Original sin devalues women

Russia

  • Influx of Jews from W. Europe
  • Monogamy replaced polygamy
  • Fairly free farmers
  • Boyars-aristocrats-less political power
science inventions
Science/Inventions
  • Preserved Greek language, culture, philosophy
  • Learned silk production from China
  • Coined Money useful for trade
religion
Religion

Byzantine

  • Orthodox Christianity
  • Differed from Catholicism
    • Secular leaders headed the church
    • Officially split in 1054

Russia

  • Vladimir I convert to Christianityforced conversion
art architecture
Art/Architecture
  • Greek language
  • Cultural center
  • Mosaic art

Hagia Sophia 

slide10

What was the nature of Byzantine political organization and culture and how they affected the development of Eastern Europe?

slide11
The Byzantine political organization and culture and the affect on the development of Eastern Europe.
  • based on a centralized monarchy supported by a trained bureaucracy educated in classical traditions.
  • local administrators were appointed by the central administration.
  • politics focused on the principle of a divinely authorized monarchy supported by elaborate court ritual.
slide12
The Byzantine political organization and culture and the affect on the development of Eastern Europe.
  • continued the use of Roman use of legal codes to organize society.
  • The military were recruited from the imperial population in return for grants of heritable land leading eventually to regional control by military commanders.
slide13
The Byzantine political organization and culture and the affect on the development of Eastern Europe.
  • close relationship between the Orthodox Church and the state, with the emperor as head of church organization.
  • culture expressed itself in religious artifacts (churches, icons, liturgical music).
  • expansion of Byzantine culture northward was through the conversion of Kiev to Orthodox Christianity.
slide14
The Byzantine political organization and culture and the affect on the development of Eastern Europe.

Kievan Rus

  • adopted divinely inspired monarchy with close relations to a state-controlled church, but were unable to adopt the trained bureaucracy.
  • Church related art forms came along with Orthodoxy.
  • Political division and Mongol invasions halted Byzantine influence
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